BULLA DE CRUZADA
Don Garcia de Loaysa, BullaValladolid, [n.pr.], 1543
Broadside, large folio, 61 x 43.3 cm, 94 lines, Gothic letter. Decorated initial. Some repair and traces of glue to folds touching but not obscuring letters, edges untrimmed and slightly frayed, couple of ink marks to verso, wax seals covered with paper slip. A very good copy. Notarial autograph to lower margin, contemporary annotation to verso with information on the content and ‘Este traslado se ha de dar al […] quando se le hiziere la yntimacion’ (‘this document should be shown to […] when requested’).
Extremely rare document—unrecorded in major bibliographies—reproducing a papal bull for the Ottoman wars, sent by Paul III to dioceses in the Spanish Empire in 1543. It begins with a Castilian summary, followed by the Latin text, in the name of Cardinal Garcia de Loaysa, bishop of Seville; in particular, this printed document was addressed to the prelates, abbots and clerics holding benefices in the dioceses of Cartajena, the name added in ink in the dedicated blank. The original was presented by Alonso de Baeça, treasurer of the king, and requested ¼ of ecclesiastical revenue in the years 1543-44 from the reigns of Castile and Aragon, in order to set up two ‘armadas’ (by land and sea). They were meant to increase defence against the Turks after their conquest of the western part of Hungary. The document was authenticated by the notary Jacobus Gratianus (Diego Gracián de Alderete), also a humanist and correspondent of Erasmus. On the verso is a statement addressed to whoever would be handling the document, that it should be shown to a specific person or officer (illegible) upon request.Not in Palau, Norton or Wilkinson.