SIRMIENOWICZ, Kazimierz.

EXTRAORDINARY ILLUSTRATIONS

Artis Magnae Artilleriae. Pars Prima.

Amsterdam, apud Ioannem Ianssonium, 1650.

£9,750

FIRST EDITION. Folio. pp. (xvi) 284 (iv) + 22 engraved plates (1 folding). Roman letter, little Italic or Greek. Engraved architectural t-p with scattered burning fireworks, and pyrotechnical fountain; 22 engraved plates with 229 illustrations of geodesic instruments, international weight measurements, artillery, rockets, fireworks and pyrotechnic machinery; decorated initials. First few ll. foxed, some mainly marginal spotting, final text gatherings browned, small paper flaw to lower outer blank corner of 2 ll. A good copy in contemporary vellum, yapp edges, raised bands, gilt-lettered morocco label, small hole to upper board, all edges sprinkled blue. Bookplates of ‘GPC’ and Fratelli Salimbeni to front pastedown.

A good copy of the lavishly illustrated (here in fresh impression) first edition of this major treatise on artillery, rockets and fireworks. Kazimierz Siemienowicz (1600-51) was a general of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, an expert of artillery and military engineering, and a pioneer of rocketry. Based on long-standing experience, ‘Artis Magnae Artilleriae’ was an encyclopaedia of artillery and pyrotechnics. Although the t-p specifies ‘part one’, the second part, for which the author provided the contents in the preface, was never published. It was translated into French (1651), German (1676) and English (1726), becoming the standard manual. ‘[…] beyond the theory and practice of the construction of guns, missiles and rockets, it contains historical observations and quotations from over 200 ancient and modern authors. Beside showing the state of contemporary science and technology, it provides mathematical formulas, as well as information on the physics and technology of metals, methods of preparation of explosives, and extensive lists with measurement units’ (Thor, ‘Tłumaczenia’, 9). The preface provides a disquisition on ‘artilleria’, ‘ars bombardaria’, ‘pyrotechnia’ ‘pyrobolia’ and ‘ballistica’. The first part deals with the rules of calibre and the construction of pyrotechnic instruments considering the weight and transmutation of metals, with detailed comparative tables of international weight measurements. The second discusses the preparation of artillery materials, especially gunpowder. The third focuses on the construction of rockets operated with sticks, on water or ropes. The fourth deals with globes, both ‘recreational’ (entertainment firework, ‘aerei’, ‘saltantes’ and ‘aquatici’) and military (including those releasing poison and smoke). The last focuses on pyrotechnic machinery for entertainment (e.g., to be used during festivals in the form of triumphal arches, obelisks or statues) or war. The illustrations are clearly referenced in the text. Fascinating are the machines devised for entertainment: e.g.,  a dragon-shaped pyrotechnic construction and another shaped like a fountain with Fortune standing on top, whose paper dress will catch fire when the pyrotechnic trick is channelled through a pipe inside the fountain. A lovely, beautifully illustrated work.

Spaulding, Early Lit. of Artillery, 9; Graesse VI, 401; Philip, Firework Books, S130.1. J. Thor, ‘Tłumaczenia Artis magnae artilleriae K. Siemienowicza’, Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki 13 (1968), 91-102.

L3443

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DIGGES, Thomas, DIGGES, Dudley

INSPIRING SHAKESPEARE?

Foure paradoxes, or politique discourses. 2 concerning militarie discipline,

London, By H. Lownes, for Clement Knight, 1604.

£2,500

FIRST EDITION. 4to. pp. [iv], 111, [i]: pi², A-O. Roman letter, some Italic. Small woodcut printer’s device on title, floriated woodcut initials, grotesque woodcut head and tail-pieces, typographical ornaments. Light age yellowing, title dusty,  chipped at lower outer blank corner, a little dust soiling at margins of first few leaves, minor marginal dust soiling in places, the rare marginal stain. A good copy, with good margins, in modern three-quarter red calf, spine with raised bands, title gilt lettered, all edges yellow.

Rare first edition of this important work on the state of the English militia, probably a source for Shakespeares’ Coriolanus. “As Digges died in 1595 there was an interval of at least nine years between the writing of  ‘Paradoxes 1. and II.’ and their printing. These are filled with complaints of the dishonesty of officers. Foreign writers, too, were making similar accusations, notably Marcos de Isaba, who, in the ‘Cuerpo enfermo de la Milicia Espanola’, waxes very bitter on the subject. Both in English and foreign armies, officers, from the commander in chief to the captain of the band, where engaged in defrauding one another and the private soldiers. If the men clamoured for pay, license for pillage quieted them, or, in some cases, a still surer remedy was found; generals when deep in debt to any troops would send them on some desperate service, wherein most of them were sure to perish. Four pages of Paradoxes I are devoted to a comparison between a good and a bad paymaster; and much of Paradox II to another between modern discipline and the discipline of the Greeks and Romans. Digges maintains the former, ‘In spite of the late invention of gunpowder,’ to be vastly inferior to the latter, and he cites thirty points of difference between the two systems in support of his views. Indeed the English militia had become so inefficient as to make reform imperative. Captains, being paymasters of their own bands, made use of their position to pocket the mens’ pay; drill was neglected, and no dependence could be placed on soldiers, who, taken from the lowest class, thought nothing of running from the enemy. Smythe, though an opponent of Digges, corroborates these statements. Digges was a reformer, and certainly a good friend to the private soldier;.” Cockle.

“In 1604 a volume was published entitled ‘Four Paradoxes, or Politique Discourses’, containing two essays by Thomas Digges, and two by Dudley Digges, his son, and the stepson of Shakespeare’s testamentary overseer. One of Dudley’s essays is in praise of the soldiers profession. In the other he argues ‘That warre sometimes’ is ‘less hurtfull and more to be wisht in a well Governd state than peace’. War, he declares, is better than ‘luxurious idleness’… With this may be compared the dialogue on the advantages of war in Coriolanus IV. v.. Digges proceeds to discuss the use of war as a means of curing internal dissensions, his main example being the story of Coriolanus taken directly from North’s Plutarch, though with the insertion of one phrase from Livy. … we cannot be sure that Shakespeare had read ‘Foure Paradoxes’, though he might have done so out of neighbourly interest. In Coriolanus he uses the metaphor of breaking out in three places, though his use of it is not confined to this play. … Although, therefore, Shakespeare could have developed his conception of the play from Plutarch’s lives, Digges may well have contributed to the atmosphere of the play with his praise of the military hero, his claim that the ‘discommoditie of our long peace opprest by luxurie’ is ‘worse farre than warrre’, and his retelling of the Coriolanus story as an example of the way foreign wars can be used to cure sedition.” Kenneth Muir. ‘The Sources of Shakespeare’s Plays.’

ESTC S109705 STC 6872. Cockle 77.

L3469

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[MARCELLINE, George].

Vox militis: foreshewing what perils are procured where the people of this, or any other kingdome liue without regard of marshall discipline

London, By B[ernard] A[lsop] for Thomas Archer, 1625.

£3,500

FIRST EDITION. 4to. pp. [xiv], 18, 21-58 [i.e. 56]. A-I, complete except for final blanks I3+4. Roman letter, some Italic. Woodcut initials, typographic ornaments. Light age yellowing, title slightly dusty, some marginal spots. A good copy, clean, with good margins in C19th three quarter green morocco over combed marble paper boards, title gilt in long on spine.

A rare work, a call to arms against the Spanish and Holy Roman Empire in Europe, an adaption of a work by Barnabe Rich, first published in 1578, reworked to conform with contemporary events. Rich’s second book, ‘Allarme to England’ sought to rally support, moral and financial, for England’s soldiers. Here George Marcelline adapts the work particularly in relation to Count Ernst von Mansfeld attempts to raise money and men for the attempt to recover the Palatinate. The work is dedicated to Mansfield. In 1624 Mansfield paid three visits to London. James I, the father-in-law of Frederick V, Elector Palatine, was anxious to furnish his needs for the recovery of the Palatinate, but it was not until January 1625 that Mansfeld and his army of “raw and poor rascals” sailed from Dover to the Netherlands

“The death of James I in March 1625 and the accession of Charles I did little to change the fortunes of war for the English. Charles inherited his fathers chief minister, George Villiers, second Duke of Buckingham, and both men were eager to lead the country in a war against Spain, particularly after the embarrassing collapse of the Spanish match and the return of Charles and Buckingham from Madrid in 1623. That return led to the ‘Blessed revolution’, the sea change in English foreign policy that saw a renewal of the old animosity between London and Madrid and the declaration of war against Spain in 1624. The decision to go to war with Spain was greeted with cheers by those who felt Jameses government would now put its full backing behind any military operations against the Spanish, thereby avoiding the debacles that marked the expeditions commanded by Vera and Mansfield. George Marcelline summed up the concerns of many in his Vox Militis (1625), a reprinting of Barnabe Rich’s Allarme to England (1578), that warned that the English lived ‘without regard of Militarie discipline’ and were being forced to stand and behold their friends in apparent danger ‘almost subverted by there enemies unjust persecution and yet with hold[ing] their helping hand and assistance’. Marceline, who dedicated his treatise to Mansfeld, wished to resurrect the reputation of the English soldier, which by this time had taken a beating. Yet his hopes, and those of the nation, were dashed once again when another foray to the continent in 1627, this time in support of the Danes, also faltered.” David R. Lawrence. The Complete Soldier: Military Books and Military Culture in Early Stuart England.

A very good copy of this rare work.

ESTC S115890. STC 20980. Cockle 105.

L3467

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NEADE, William

The Double-Armed man, by the New Invention: briefly shewing some famous Exploits atchieved by our Brittish Bowmen: with severall Portraitures

[London], [by Miles Flesher] for I. Grismand, at the signe of the Gun in Pauls Alley, 1625. [with]

Obiections against the vse of the bovv vvith the pike: and the answers thereunto.

[London : printed by W. Jones, ca. 1630]

£6,750

FIRST EDITION. Two works in one. 4to. 20 unnumbered leaves. A-E. 1 large folding sheet. Roman letter some Italic. Full page woodcut to title, 6 full-page woodcuts of bowmen and pikemen, with printed folding leaf at end, ‘Obiections against the vse of the Bow with the Pike: And the Answers thereunto” with large woodcut headpiece, (one tear restored with loss of letters, other unrestored without loss) historiated woodcut initials, woodcut headpieces and typographical ornaments, gilt leather armorial bookplate label of Henry Huth (1815-1878) and his son Alfred Henry Huth (1850-1910). Light age yellowing, rare very minor marginal spot, small hole restored in lower blank margin of last leaf. A fine copy, in handsome nineteenth-century, straight grained morocco, covers bordered with a gilt rule, title gilt in long on spine, edges and inner dentelles gilt, a.e.g.

A very good copy, with the rare folding sheet ‘Obiections against the vse of the bovv vvith the pike: and the answers thereunto’, of this beautifully illustrated and most interesting work. Neade’s ‘double-armed man’ carried a hybrid pike-cum-bow which he proposed would be a more efficient weapon than the pike on its own. “A year before the publication of this work, Neade presented the manuscript to Charles I, who commanded that the author should exhibit his new weapon in St James’s Park, in his presence; which was done. Neade,, petitioned the king to make the use of his new invention compulsory, and he and his son were shortly after authorised by proclamation to instruct ‘all those who are fit to exercise arms in the use of the weapon: especially the chiefe officers and all others of our Trayned-bands.’ The author commences with a short history of the occasions on which the bow has been successfully employed in battle, and attempts to refute the objections which had been made against it. His opinion of gunpowder, may be gathered from the following passage: ‘Amongst all which, Bartholdus Swart, the Franciscan Fryer, with his most devillish Invention of Gunpowder, is the most damnable, and from hell itself invented.’ He gives the range of an arrow at from 18 to 20 score yards, and says that six of them could be discharged in the time it took to load and fire one musket. The chief advantage of his combination of bow and Pike was that pikemen, by using their bows, would be able to take part in the preliminary actions of a battle, where before they have been lookers-on only. When the enemy had approached to within about six score yards, the bow was to be fastened to the pike and the ranks closed. If attacked by cavalry, the first five or six ranks were to charge pikes, whilst those in the rear were to continue discharging the arrows. The bow was fastened to the pike at the place where the latter is shouldered.” Cockle.

“Despite the earlier royal encouragement, Neade’s invention was not taken up, the bow having by this time been ousted from the battlefield by the musket. Neade, describing himself and his son as ‘instructors in archery to the king,’ complained to the king in 1637 that, despite several demonstrations of his weapon, he had exhausted his entire estate of £600 to no avail, and that through the bad example of the City of London, archery was now generally neglected. There was no official response to these pleas and, apart from some references to his book, nothing further is known of Neade or his son.” DNB.

A fine copy, well bound.

1) Cockle 106. ESTC S113129. STC 18416. 2) ESTC S113336. STC 18416.3. Not in Cockle.

L3440

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SMYTHE, Sir John

Instructions, obseruations, and orders mylitarie. Requisite for all chieftaines, captaines, and higher and lower men of charge, and officers..

London, By Richard Iohnes, 1595.

£3,750

4to. pp. [xxxii], 111, 124-220: pi1[=4[par.]2], [par.] – 3[par.], 4[par.]², (-4[par.]2), A², B-Y, 2A-2E. Roman letter, some Italic. Woodcut printer’s device on title, grotesque woodcut headpiece above, woodcut head-pieces and initials, ‘J. W. Baynton Grays Inn’ in C18th hand in lower blank margin of t-p., armorial bookplate Thomas Francis Fremantle, Baron Cottesloe, on pastedown, C19th autograph of Albert Way (1805–1874, English antiquary, and principal founder of the Royal Archaeological Institute) above. Light age yellowing, title a little dusty at margins, closed tear in lower edge of P2, rare minor mark or spot, upper margin a little short. A very good copy in C18th speckled calf, covers bordered with a gilt rule, edges gilt scrolled, rebacked to match.

A reissue, with expanded preliminaries and cancel title page, of ‘Certen instructions, observations and orders militarie’ (STC 22884), by the great contemporary authority on archery, the soldier and diplomat Sir John Smythe. Smythe (1533-1607) gained his military experience as a volunteer in France, the Low Countries and Hungary. Well-read and fluent in Spanish, he was appointed Elizabeth I’s special Ambassador to Spain on the 18 November 1576. After his ambassadorship, Smythe re-entered the political arena as a critic of the English involvement in the Eighty Years’ War in the Low Countries. In 1590 Smythe published ‘Certain Discourses’, a fervent plea for the retention of the longbow as the weapon of choice for the English soldier. Citing both modern and ancient sources, Smythe recalls great victories won by the bow and associates its use with true manliness and English military potency. The book initiated a controversy on the relative strengths of bow and handgun, but it also contained vehement criticisms of the “new disciplinated men of war” who commanded English forces in the Low Countries. “Leicester’s party now used their influence at court to obtain the suppression of the book, and having gained their end, they spread the report that its circulation was prohibited on account of its falsehood and foolishness, and that its author ‘was judged by her Majesty and her council’ to have been for some years in his dotage.” Cockle. Smythe spent the months that followed unsuccessfully petitioning Lord Treasurer Burghley (his occasional patron) to have this suppression reversed. ‘The agitation caused by his first work having subsided’ (Cockle) Smythe issued this second edition of the work, slightly expanded in its preliminaries. Cockle records that from the writings of Smythe and Patten “it is possible to gather a good general state of the army in England in the middle of the sixteenth century… So conservative is the author, that he would reject any man for an archer who should draw his bow with two fingers, after the new fashion, instead of with three, after the old. .. When one considers the imperfections of the fire arms of that age , one can understand how it was that old soldiers like Sir John should be prejudiced in favour of the bow, which had proved so effective in the past.”

Cockle 60. ESTC S117635. STC 22885

L3384/2

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CROOKE, Helkiah. [READ, Alexander.]

Sōmatographia anthrōpinē. Or A description of the body of man. With the practise of chirurgery,..

[London], Printed by Tho. Cotes, 1634.

£5,500

8vo. two works in one. 8vo. ff. [v], 15, 17-154; pp. [vi], 117, [i]. A, B-2E, without initial blank. “‘An explanation of the fashion and vse of three and fifty instruments of chirurgery’, a translation from Ambroise Paré by Helkiah Crooke, has separate dated title page and pagination; register is continuous.” ESTC. Roman letter some Italic. Woodcut of two skeletons on title, repeated in text, woodcut initials and headpieces, innumerable woodcuts in text, mostly full page, pastedowns using waste from a printed sheet of a Black letter miniature book ‘Short grounds of Catechisme’, C18th letterpress booklabel of William Ralphs on fly. Light age yellowing, the odd thumb mark, rare marginal mark, small tear on I4 from clumsy cutting of sheet, the text is present attached in upper margin of I3. A good unsophisticated copy, generally crisp and clean, in contemporary calf, covers bordered with a double blind rule, spine double blind ruled in compartments, a.e.r, spine cracked with loss at head, hole in lower compartments, lower edge of lower cover worn, corners worn. In folding box. The pastedowns use waste from a printed sheet from a miniature book, ‘Short grounds of Catechisme’, possibly by William Ward. This might well be the unique surviving fragment as we have been unable to find any such work in ESTC.

Extremely rare first edition of this important military work, printed in Holland, one of two variants; this with the cancel title in English. This copy has the plates in fine contemporary hand colouring. Both editions are extremely rare. This variant is recorded in ESTC in three copies only, two at the Huntington Library and one at Harvard. The variant with the Dutch title page in recorded a unique copy, also at the Huntington. There is no copy of either in UK libraries. The work was reprinted in 1642 in England.

Second edition by Jaggard of Crooke’s medical text, first printed in 1616, extracted by the Scottish physician Alexander Reid from Crooke’s longer Microcosmographia of 1615 which ran to over a thousand pages. This smaller, profusely illustrated, edition was designed to be cheaper and quicker to read, according to Reid’s preface, and references to the longer descriptions in the larger work are given on most of the pages. Crooke (1576-1648) based his work on those of Bauhin and Du Laurens, which were in their turn based on Vesalius, and there is similarity in the illustrations. Its publication was controversial as it was written in English and both the Royal College of Physicians and the bishop of London felt it was highly inappropriate to describe reproductive organs in the vernacular.

“In 1616, the year of Jaggard’s second issue of the first edition of Crooke’s book, the printer commissioned a companion volume, a smaller octavo-sized epitome that was intended to broaden the audience of the anatomy treatise. This volume was titled Somatographia Anthropine and authored by Alexander Read, a Scottish surgeon living in London who would later become educated as a physician as well. Read wrote a brief preface explaining that this smaller book is intended to supplement or complement the larger. On the verso of each leaf is an illustration from Mikrokosmographia, apparently made from the same woodblocks as were used in printing the larger book. At least one bibliographer has conjectured that this may have been motivation for Jaggard to print this smaller version, that he would gain additional financial return on the undoubtedly steep investment of the woodblocks (Willoughby 114). On the recto of the next leaf facing that illustration is the indexed description of the various elements of the body part pictured. Each set of pages is accordingly indexed to the larger volume and includes a line of type directing the reader to the relevant portion of Mikrokosmographia that will discuss the subject at greater length and in more detail. Apparently Somatographia Anthropine had two target markets, one wealthier than the other. For the barber-surgeons too poor to own a copy of Mikrokosmographia, the epitome made it possible for them to purchase a version of the book. For those wealthy enough to own a copy of both, the smaller version served as a handy portable copy of the hefty tome. This seems to have been particularly relevant in the setting of the anatomy theater. The viewers’ proximity to the body being dissected was determined by standing in the Barber-Surgeons’ Company, so that the poorer, younger members of the audience were relegated to the furthest stands. While they likely would have had difficulty viewing the proceedings and had no chance whatsoever to benefit from the folio copy of Mikrokosmographia on the lectern, with a handy pocket-sized anatomy text they could follow along with ease (Cregan 53-54). The success of this model can be presumed from its own second edition, also taken on by Coates, printed in 1634 to accompany the larger later edition.” Jillian Linster. ‘When “Nothing” Goes Missing: The Impotent Censorship of Helkiah Crooke’s Mikrokosmographia’.

ESTC S115689. STC 20783; Doe, Paré 75. Krivatsy 2931. Wellcome I, 1688. Not in Osler, Garrison and Morton or Heirs of Hippocrates.

L2962

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WARD, Robert.

A VERY COMPREHENSIVE WORK

Animadversions of warre….

London, John Dawson, [ Thomas Cotes, Richard Bishop], 1639

£6,950

FIRST EDITION, second issue. Folio. pp. [xxviii] 90 [2], 91-394, [2], 101, [vii]. Roman letter. Sep. pr. t-p to each part within double-ruled borders, woodcut ornament on first, printer’s device on second. Splendid engraved general title by William Marshall (Johnson 64), depicting mounted knight on pedestal; Roman soldier left side, his foot on a cherub, right side, woman in armour holding book, woodcut illustrations and extensive diagrams (3 folding), woodcut initials and ornaments. Lower outer corner of one index leaf torn with loss of a couple of letters. Very good copy in 18th C tree-calf, spine gilt in compartments, red morocco label, all edges yellow. 18th and 19th C armorial bookplates of Earls of Macclesfield, Shirburn castle library blindstamp to first and second leaves.

Subtitled: “Composed of the most refined discipline, and choice experiments that these late Netherlandish, and Swedish warres have produced. With divers new inventions, both of fortifications and strategems” this manual of 17th C warfare by an experienced soldier provides an insight into all matters military, including the latest technologies, e.g. hand grenades: “Earthen Bottels to be made of a round fashion … halfe full of Serpentine powder, or somewhat more, there is to be mixt with it a quantity of Hogges of Stone, Brimstone, Saltpeeter twice refined, Aqua Vitae, Pitch …” Divided into 22 sections, it describes first how to make provision for war, the stockpiling of provisions, preparation of armour and weapons, provision of money, shipping and soldiers; then all aspects of fortification in geometrical terms, how to fortify a hexagonal figure with flanks or irregularly shaped fortifications, and evaluates construction methods employed in different parts of Europe. There follows a detailed discussion of the use of artillery, especially in forts. Other sections explain how to send messages out of fortified places and lay mines, and discuss the duties and valour of soldiers in field and fort, closing with a debate on duels. The duties of different ranks are considered, concluding with the discussion of the ‘Council of Warre’. Next examined is the art of drilling, both with infantry and cavalry specifying how an officer should conduct himself, followed by a discussion of ‘politicke’ stratagems or ploys with examples of their successful use. A description of a diverse selection of instruments of war, engines, the use of grenades, fireballs, bombs and powder pots concludes the first book. The second discusses the requirements of generalship and the principles to observe when marching and encamping an army. There is a disquisition on military law and precepts a general should follow before going into battle. The work concludes with a detailed survey of battle formations depending on the number and proportion of horse and foot respectively. A very comprehensive work.

Robert Ward was a ‘Gentleman and Commander,’ but we have not been able to trace any further details of his life.

‘A book of reference on nearly all branches of the military art this will be found of the greatest value. It has been much quoted by modern writers on military antiquities’ Cockle 147. STC 25025. Spaulding and Karpinski 129. Lowndes 2838.

L3275

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[GREGORY XIII]

CRUSADE AGAINST THE TURK

Bulla de cruzada…a estes Regnos de Espana.

[Spain], [n.pr.], c.1573.

£4,500

Folio broadside, 42.4 x 30.4 cm, 106 lines, Gothic letter. Decorated initial, woodcut arms of Gregory XIII (the Boncompagni wyvern) and crucifixion scene at head, woodcut Jerusalem cross within oval at foot. Browned, edges untrimmed, little spotting or dust-soiling to corners, minor repair and tear to folds touching letter, wax seal covered with paper slip. A good copy, contemporary annotation, printed signature of the Bishop of Segorbe.

A rare document in Spanish approved in Madrid—unrecorded in major bibliographies—reproducing a papal bull promising plenary indulgence for the year 1573 to all who complied with its requirements. It was specially addressed to residents of the Spanish territories, including the kingdom of Sardinia. Indulgence was granted to whoever joined as a soldier the war against the Turks—then focusing on the conquest of Cyprus—to religious institutions who contributed to the subsistence of soldiers, or to lay people who, even in groups of three or four, could raise what was needed to pay for one soldier. Confession and remission of sins were offered to those who repented sincerely and visited five churches or altars within or without the walls of Rome, according to the list provided at the end. This copy was acquired by ‘Donna Jeronima’ who contributed 18 golden ‘reales’; the use of ‘donna’ denotes her condition as lady of standing, in charge of a household—an interesting insight into the market for indulgences in C16 Spain.

Only one copy recorded in Spain.

Not in Palau, Norton or Wilkinson.

L3031

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[ALEXANDER VI] 

INDULGENCE AGAINST THE TURKS

Indulgencia plenaria…contra el Turco enemigo.

[Valladolid?], [n.pr.], [1501?].

£5,950

Broadside, oblong sm folio in two parts, 21.6 x 28.2 cm, 33 lines, Gothic letter. Decorated initial, circular woodcut stamp of the resurrected Christ and printed autograph of the Bishop of Jaen at foot. Washed, traces of glue to verso, couple of little interlinear worm trails, little tearing to lower margin, right: on thick paper, slightly soiled.

A rare vernacular indulgence probably printed in Valladolid c.1501, one of the two ‘authorised indulgence-presses, that is…Gumiel at Valladolid or Hagembachs’ successor at Toledo’ (Norton). The two parts were taken from the binding of the same folio where they were used as filling. The left side is in better condition, the right more soiled and washed. They do not align perfectly as they derive from different issues. Wilkinson identifies five printed in 1501: the only one with a woodcut E initial with fleurons, like the left-hand portion of this copy, is 5994; the only one which spells ‘infra’ with an ‘i’, not a ‘y’, and has ‘e’ attached to ‘Remision’ in the title is 5996. (‘Remision’ is recorded with either one or two Ss in bibliographies.) This bull, issued by Pope Alexander VI and addressed to the king of Spain, sought to raise alms for war against Turks, in which the Serenissima had lost territories in Greece and Dalmatia to the advancing Ottoman army. It promised those who would acquire it, for two golden ‘reales’, indulgence for sins including simony and an indulgence ‘in articulo mortis’ in case of sudden death prior to a final confession. This blessing would only apply at the moment of death, not when it was imparted. This copy was unused.

Four copies recorded in Spain.

Wilkinson 5994 and 5996; Palau 36846. Not in Göllner.

L3035

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BACON, Sir Francis

Certaine miscellany vvorks… Published by William Rawley …

London, by I. Hauiland for Humphrey Robinson, in Pauls Church-yard, 1629

£3,500

FIRST EDITION. 4 parts in one volume. 4to. pp. [x], 166. A-Y. [A1 Blank pasted down]. text with box rule. ”Considerations touching a vvarre with Spaine”, “An advertisement touching an holy vvarre”, “An offer to our late soveraigne King Iames, of a digest to be made of the lawes of England”, and “The history of the reigne of King Henry the Eighth” each have separate dated title page; pagination and register are continuous, general title with typographical ornament within double-ruled border, title to each part within double-ruled border with woodcut flaming heart device, typographical headpieces, woodcut initials, bookplate of Robert Pirie on pastedown. Light age yellowing. A fine copy crisp and clean with large margins in contemporary polished limp vellum, covers with a single gilt-ruled border, large central arabesque gilt, edges gilt; some staining on upper cover,

First edition, of these works by Bacon published posthumously by Dr William Rawley, a close friend, his private chaplain and secretary, to whom Bacon bequeathed most of his manuscripts; a fine copy in a contemporary vellum binding with gilt edges, suggestive of a presentation copy. The preface indicates that “a corrupt and surreptitious edition” of Considerations touching a warre with Spain compelled Rawley, Bacon’s literary executor, to publish a corrected version of that work, together with: An Advertisement Tovching an Holy Warre. Written in the yeare 1622; An Offer to Ovr Late Soueraigne Iames, of a Digest to be made of the Lawes of England; and The History of the Reigne of King Henry the Eighth.

“The ‘Considerations Touching a War with Spain’ .. was written in 1624, and expanded on his ‘Notes for a speech on war with Spain’, which he had prepared soon after 24th Feb. 1624 for Parliamentary debate. In it, Bacon puts forward an argument, in the Augustinian tradition (as he had previously on the subject of war with the Ottomans in ‘An Advertisement Touching an Holy Warre’ following the reanimation of the Spanish Match in 1622), for the justice of recovering the Palatinate, and thereby the legitimacy if not necessity of contracting war with Spain, before expounding on the forces necessary to succeed, and finally prposing a variety of strategies.” Nadine Akkerman. ’The Correspondence of Elizabeth Stuart.’

“An Advertisement Touching a Holy War stands as a document of major historical importance and intense current relevance because it offers an additional reason for the modern revolution. In it Bacon dares to suggest that a revolution in thinking and acting is necessary because European intellectual and spiritual life as well as European politics had been captured by religious fanaticism that threatened to plunge Renaissance Europe into another dark age. Bacon chose the old literary device of dialogue to present his argument for wholesale change indirectly. In the conversation of his characters he allows readers to see the reasons for kindling spiritual warfare against the spiritual rulers of European civilization. An Advertisement Touching a Holy War gives a great philosopher’s reasons for initiating the war between science and religion that was actually fought in the coming centuries in Western civilization and of which we are the heirs.”

Sir Francis Bacon (later Lord Verulam and the Viscount St. Albans) was an English lawyer, statesman, essayist, historian, intellectual reformer, philosopher, and champion of modern science. Early in his career he claimed “all knowledge as his province” and afterwards dedicated himself to a wholesale revaluation and re-structuring of traditional learning. To take the place of the established tradition (a miscellany of Scholasticism, humanism, and natural magic), he proposed an entirely new system based on empirical and inductive principles and the active development of new arts and inventions, a system whose ultimate goal would be the production of practical knowledge for “the use and benefit of men” and the relief of the human condition. At the same time that he was founding and promoting this project for the advancement of learning, Bacon was also moving up the ladder of state service. His career aspirations had been largely disappointed under Elizabeth I, but with the ascension of James his political fortunes rose. Knighted in 1603, he was then steadily promoted to a series of offices, including Solicitor General (1607), Attorney General (1613), and eventually Lord Chancellor (1618). While serving as Chancellor, he was indicted on charges of bribery and forced from office. He retired to his estate where he devoted himself full time to his continuing literary, scientific, and philosophical work. He died in 1626, leaving a cultural legacy that, for better or worse, includes most of the foundation for the triumph of technology and for the modern world we know. In a way Bacon’s descent from political power was fortunate, for it represented a liberation from the bondage of public life resulting in a remarkable final burst of literary and scientific activity. Bacon’s earlier works, impressive as they are, were essentially products of his spare time. It was only during his last five years that he was able to concentrate exclusively on writing and produced some of his finest work.

A fine copy of this work, in a fine contemporary binding.

STC 1124; ESTC S100333; Gibson 191

L2212

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