Lawes and orders of warre, established for the good conduct of the seruice in Ireland.

London, Christopher Barker (?), 1599 (?).


FIRST EDITION. 4to., pp. 10. (lacking last blank). Roman letter. A large historiated woodcut initial and woodcut headpiece. Recto of A1 and last leaf dusty, the odd marginal spot or mark, minor repair to upper outer corner of first and last leaf. A good copy in modern three-quarter calf over marbled paper boards, spine with gilt title.

Extremely rare and most interesting pamphlet published by Robert Devereux, second Earl of Essex, on the eve of his campaign in Ireland in 1599, the largest expeditionary force ever sent to Ireland with over 16,000 troops. Essex had orders to put an end to the Irish rebellion and departed London to the cheers of crowds. It was expected that the rebellion would be crushed instantly. Essex had declared to the Privy Council that he would confront O’Neill in Ulster. Instead, he led his army into southern Ireland, where he fought a series of inconclusive engagements, wasted his funds, and dispersed his army into garrisons, while the Irish won two important battles in other parts of the country. Rather than face O’Neill in battle, Essex entered a truce that some considered humiliating to the Crown and to the detriment of English authority. The Queen herself told Essex that if she had wished to abandon Ireland, it would scarcely have been necessary to send him there.

The thirty seven orders given in this pamphlet are of great interest for military historians, and are designed specifically for troops in Ireland. Essex prefaces the work with a short introduction, stating ‘And military discipline cannot bee kept where the rules or chiefe partes thereof bee not certainly set downe and generally knowen.’ The first orders include directions requiring troops to attend sermons, morning and evening prayer, to respect the ‘holy and blessed Trinitie.’ Many of the orders have a specific Irish connection and reflect the difficulties facing an invading force that needs both to maintain good relations with and simultaneously to discourage sympathy or collusion with the local population.

“No Souldier of the Armie shall do violence to the person, or steale, or violently take, or wilfully spoyle the goods of any Irish good subject, upon paine of death,” and “No man wether hee be souldier or other, English or Irish, shal have conference or intelligence with any enemy or Rebell, that is in open action against her Maiestie.” Many of the orders are of great social interest and concern such things as drunkenness and adultery; “No man shall ravish or force any woman, upon paine of death. And adulteries or fornications shal be punished by imprisonment,’ or “No Souldier serving on Foote, shall carrie any Boy, nor no Woman shall bee suffered to follow the Armie.”

This work is particularly rare. ESTC lists only one copy held in libraries in the USA, at the Huntington Library and ABPC records no copy at auction.

ESTC S107432. STC 14131. USTC 513940. Not in Cockle.


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CAREW, Thomas


Itinerarium R.D. Thomae Carue Tripperariensis …. cum histori facti Butleri, Gordon, Lesley & aliorum – (with) Itinerarium, Pars Altera.

Mainz, Nicolaus Heyll, 1640 and 1641.


12mo. Two volumes. 1) pp. (xxxii), 328, (vi). 2) (xxiv), 370, (xiv) (last two leaves blank). Roman letter, some Italic. Floriated initials, woodcut and typographical ornaments, “Ad Biblioth; aul; Eystettensem” in early hand on half title of first volume. Light age yellowing, the very rare marginal spot. Very good copies in C19th dark blue, fine grained, morocco, covers gilt ruled to a panel design, vine leaf fleurons gilt to outer corners, large central fleuron gilt of vase and flowers, spine with raised bands richly gilt in compartments with large ‘holy dove’ tools to centers, all edges gilt, extremities rubbed.

Very rare, second issue of the first part, and first edition of the second part of Thomas Carew’s most interesting and important work, a first hand description of his travels and experience as Chaplain to Walter Butler and Walter Devereux of the Scottish-Irish regiment in Germany, of capital importance for the history of the Thirty Years’ War.

Carew “took priest’s orders and appears to have been stationed in the diocese of Leighlin. He left Ireland for Germany, and having stayed as chaplain for four years with Walter Butler (d. 1634), a kinsman of the Marquis of Ormonde, then serving as colonel of an Irish regiment in the army of Ferdinand II of Austria, he returned to his native country. In 1630 he again set out on his travels, and at this date his curious and valuable ‘Itinerary’ was begun. He remained with Walter Butler for two years, and returned at the period of the battle of Lützen; but after a short visit to his friends in Ireland he started again for Germany in 1633. On arriving at Stuttgart about September 1634 he heard of the death of his patron Walter Butler, and he transferred his services as chaplain to Walter Devereux, formerly the chief officer and now the successor of Butler. He accompanied the army of Charles III, duke of Lorraine, in its incessant movements, and afterwards joined the main forces under Gallas.

In April 1639 he finished the first part of his ‘Itinerary,’ and had it printed at Mainz, with a dedication to the Marquis of Ormonde, in which he says: ‘Not in the quiet chamber of study has it been composed, but beneath the tents of war, where my busy pen found no peace from the ominous clangour of the hoarse trumpet and the loud roll of the battle-drum; where my ear was stunned by the dreadful thunder of the cannon, and the fatal leaden hail hissed round the paper on which I was writing.’ In 1640 he was appointed chaplain-general of all the English, Scotch, and Irish forces, and in that capacity continued to serve with the army after the death of Devereux. It is probable that about 1643 he went to reside at Vienna in his character of notary apostolic and vicar-choral of St. Stephen’s Cathedral in that city. All his works are extremely rare.” Catholic Encyclopaedia. He published a fourth part of his Itinerary in 1646 which is mythically rare.

The provenance ‘ad Bibliothecam aulicam Eystettensem’ refers to the Library of the Dominican Monastery in Eichstaat, founded in the thirteenth century, which had an important collection of early printings. An excellent copy of this rare and most interesting work.

BM STC Ger C17 Vol I C304 and C306.


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COMMINES, Philippe de

Historia delle guerre di Lodovico XI.

Venice, P. Geronimo Giglio, 1559.


Small 8vo., ff. (xii) 248 (viii). Italic letter printer’s devices on title and at end, some woodcut initials and ornaments. Manuscript chapter index neatly added to table circa 1800 (?), bibliographical notes probably in same hand on fly. Upper margin a bit tight but clear of running title, a good clean copy in particularly attractive late C16 French purple morocco, covers with triple gilt border at central panel and edges, double gilt rules joining corners, narrow rectangular three line central panel with flower at each corner gilt on spine, edges of spine with three line gilt border, a.e.g.

Second edition of the first Italian translation of Commines’ history, first published in 1544. It is the work of Nicholas Raince, about whom we have discovered nothing, and dedicated to Giovio. It does not appear to have been subsequently reprinted and examples of both editions are scarce. The classical restraint of the severely geometric binding contrasts happily with the richness of the morocco in texture and colour.

A most attractive volume.

BM STC It. p. 192 (1st ed only). Adams C 2453 (UL copy only).


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Epitome Belli Gallici.


Paris, Robert Estienne, 1544.

FIRST EDITION, 8vo., pp. (ii) 3-134 (civ). Mostly Italic, some Roman letter, a little Greek. Estienne’s woodcut Noli Alterum Sapere device on title page, woodcut diagram in text. Early manuscript price mark (?) on title page, contemporary manuscript annotation to K4. In a very handsome contemporary calf binding, covers ruled and panelled in blind, central section within border of ornate flowers and garlands, two medallion heads on panel within, vellum stubs. Lower cover with single but significant diagonal crack, very small repairs at head and tail of spine. A good, clean copy with wide margins, a.e.r.

The impressive contemporary calf binding of this copy strongly resembles Oldham HM23 “only one example is known” and is almost certainly English, though “many of the panels used in England no doubt came from the Netherlands” (Oldham p. 20). The text itself consists of a brief summary, the Epitome of the Gallic Wars, taken from Suetonius’ iconic work. Eutropius was a late Roman historian and secretary (magister memoriae) at Constantinople. Written in a straightforward narrative style, with none of the syntactical twists and turns of Suetonius’ original Latin, the text rattles through the most important campaigns waged by Julius Caesar during the Gallic and Civil Wars, moving on to his Dictatorship and death at the hands of the Senate in only a few pages.

This is followed by notes on the Commentary on Caesar’s Gallic and Civil Wars, by Henricus Glareanus: these consist of short summaries of each book and explanations of any obscure place names or peoples (e.g. the tribe known as the Sedusi who, Glareanus tells us, ‘non sunt Seduni see Germani’, referencing Pliny 4.17). Glareanus also explains, with a diagram, Caesar’s battle formation, and the various numbers of his troops. The work ends with four alphabetical indexes: the first refers back to Glareanus’ annotations on the commentary, the second gives the French equivalents of Roman place names and tribes mentioned in Caesar’s text; the third, longer notes on these places and tribes, and the fourth is an index of Caesar’s text itself. This beautifully bound edition must have been a very handy condensed textbook for any student of Caesar who had neither the time nor the inclination for the original work.

Renouard 60:13. Adams E1133 + pt C38. See also Goldschmidt LI.


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Instructions for Young Gentlemen.

Oxford, John Lichfield, 1633.


FIRST ENGLISH EDITION. 12mo. pp. (viii) 122 (ii). Roman letter within double ruled line border; errata on recto of last. A very good, clean wide-margined copy in contemporary limp vellum, later vellum superimposed over spine, lacking ties. Acquisition note of Thomas Clifford 1647, 1s 3d, to rear free endpaper.

A translation of an untraced original, subtitled “The instructions of Cardinall Sermonetta to his Cousen Petro Caetano, at his first going into Flanders to the Duke of Parma, to serve Philip, King of Spaine,” the work comprises a set of instructions to a young nobleman entering military and royal service. It begins with the necessity of maintaining regular communication by writing from every stopping place to both confirm his progress, report upon the state of the war and to find out what is to be done in service to the King. The need for discretion and secrecy in his letters is advised, as well as the keeping of detailed records to eliminate confusion. As well as sending letters of his own, it is vital that he answer fully all missives, using the cypher that he receives.

Cardinal Sermonetta advises his cousin to develop a close relationship with the postmaster, rewarding him intermittently for his continued good services so he would remain loyal and work with haste. Petro was evidently sent to Flanders at the desire of his father and was impelled to do his utmost to ensure the satisfaction of the Prince with his service, combining excellence in war and a thorough knowledge of the context in which hostilities had developed. It behooves him to demonstrate honour and an encyclopaedic knowledge of the state of affairs of the nation, topographically and socially as well as militarily. The Cardinal also encourages him to construct a dictionary of the terminology and tactics of warfare for his own use, and to participate as actively as possible in military life. Great emphasis is placed upon acting and speaking appropriately around the royals. The work concludes within a warning to always respect the sanctity of religious establishments, personages and artefacts, before commending him to God.

Here, the war in question is the Eighty Years’ War, the revolt of the Seventeen Provinces in the Low Countries against the Spanish (Habsburg) Empire. Shortly after the publication of this letter in 1639, Spain sent an Armada to Flanders carrying 20,000 troops to assist in a last large scale attempt to defeat the northern “rebels”. The Armada was defeated in the Battle of the Downs, marking the end of Spain as the dominant sea power.

Thomas Clifford, in ex libris, may well be the first Baron Clifford of Chudleigh (1630-1673), who probably acquired this work at the appropriate age of seventeen. He went on to distinguish himself in naval battles, including at the end of the Dutch War.

STC 11514, recording only 7 copies, BL, two at Oxford, one at Cambridge; Folger, Huntington and Yale in the US. Not in Lowndes.


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CAPOBIANCO, Alessandro

Corona e Palma Militare di Arteglieria.

Venice, Giovanni Antonio Rampazetto, 1598.


FIRST EDITION. folio, ff. [iv] 58. Roman letter; woodcut portrait of the author in his study with military apparatus on title-page, woodcut historiated initials, 95 woodcut illustrations in text, printer’s woodcut device on verso of last. C19 armorial bookplate of the Earl of Macclesfield on pastedown, Shirburn Castle blindstamp to first three ll, seventeenth-century inscription “Sutton Place”on flyleaf. Small ink splash to blank lower outer corner of t-p, title and verso of last fractionally dusty. A fine, crisp, very well margined copy (some fore-edges untrimmed), in high quality contemporary English tan calf, spine with raised bands gilt in compartments, covers gilt and blind ruled to a panel design, fleurons gilt at corners, gilt arabesque lozenge at centers, spine slightly worn at head and tail.

A fine copy of the first edition of this important, rare and profusely illustrated work by Capobianco, Captain of the Bombardiers of the city of Crema, that brings together all the technical advances in artillery in the C16, dedicated to Antonio Prioli (future Doge of Venice) and Lunardo Rossetti. By the middle of the 16th century Italian theorists and military architects had perfected the bastioned system of fortification and the Italian method was an admired standard throughout Europe. “During the sixteenth century the emphasis shifts South of the Alps. And after 1550 Italian military writers dominate the field to the point of monopoly.” (Horst de la Croix, ‘The Literature on Fortification in Renaissance Italy’.) The use of cannons against these new bastioned fortresses required new tactical thinking, which Capobianco elaborates in this work.

A veteran of many campaigns in both Italy and the Low Countries he was an expert gunner, though like many of his colleagues he was not a literary man, and his versatility and inventiveness are best shown by his plans and designs. A skilled bombardier, he presents the reader with a sweeping survey of the aims and techniques of artillery around the turn of the C16, starting with the technical use of cannon, their various types and specific purposes, the comparison of modern and ‘antique’ cannon, their manufacture, sighting etc. He then moves on to the tactics of artillery in defense and attack, the placement of cannons, their transportation, storage and the storage of munitions, the use of rockets and fireworks, and finishes with a brief but insightful description of ‘modern’ fortification, and bastion techniques.

The binding of this copy is identical in style, with the same central arabesque tool, to a book bound for Thomas Knyvett c. 1610, see David Pearson, English book binding styles 1450-1800, page 9, fig. 1.3. Sir Thomas Knyvett (1539-1618), barrister, of a leading Norfolk family with estates in Lincolnshire, Suffolk, Staffordshire and Yorkshire started to build his splendid collection after the first flood of books and manuscripts from the monastic libraries. At his death his library numbered approximately 1,400 titles and 70 manuscripts on various subjects, as recorded in his library catalogue now in Cambridge University Library, which also received much of his collection in 1715. Favouring original texts, he became proficient in many languages, nurturing a particular love of Italian, owning at least 80 Italian books. Never a very rich man, the size of his library is extraordinary for the period, and it is likely that many of his books were obtained second hand. This binding is typical of those bound for his collection.

Sutton Place, built in 1530 for Sir Richard Weston, is celebrated as a pioneer of the Renaissance style in England, an early Tudor House, innovative for the symmetry of its design and its Italianate terracotta decoration. It was later the home of J. Paul Getty.

Not in BM STC It. Index Aur. 131.683. Riccardi I, 232. Cockle 673.


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PISTOFILO, Bonaventura

Oplomachia…e col mezzo delle figure si tratta per via di teorica, e di pratica del maneggio e dell’uso delle armi. Distinta in tre discorsi di Picca, d’Alabarda e di Moschetto.

Siena, Hercole Gori, 1621.


FIRST EDITION, oblong 4to, pp. [viii], 1-64, 57-123, [i], 123-256, 253-315, [i]. Roman and italic letter, floriated initials, engraved t-p, Kenelm Digby’s and author’s portraits following ms. note on pastedown “1901 cat138 … L140”. A good clean copy in contemp limp vellum within vellum slipcase gilt stamped ‘Torre del Palasciano’, ms title on spine, lacks ties.

Rare first edition of this work on the use of pike, halberd and musket with 53 very precise and beautiful engravings, somewhat like Callot’s in style and fineness. 34 plates are dedicated to the pike, 4 to the halberd and 15 to the musket. they seemed to have been engraved by Bertelli (Francesco(?)), who worked at Padua between the end of the sixteenth and the beginning of the seventeenth centuries (Benezit). The text explains the history and use of each of these weapons and the particular action or manoeuvre depicted in each plate. Each of the figures illustrated is numbered, corresponding to a numbered paragraph of the explanatory text, making the manual of very practical application. Bonaventura Pistofilo from Pontremoli was a notary for the Este family, then chancellor to Duke Alfonso I d’Este, and a close friend of Ariosto. This work was dedicated to Sir Kenelm George Digby with his striking youthful portrait, probably done during his three years in Europe between 1620 and 1623. Digby (1603-1665) was an English author, diplomat, naval commander and one of the most fashionable figures of his day. He was known for his esoteric approach to science and advocacy of the “powder of sympathy”, a ‘healing’ powder of vitriol applied to a bandage taken from the wound which healed without any contact with the patient.

Ferdinando Palasciano (1815 – 1891) was an Italian physician and politician. He argued that any wounded or sick soldier was neutral on the battlefield and should be helped by any available doctor. Palasciano’s speech at the International Congress at the Accademia Pontoniana of Naples (1861), had widespread influence and was the basis of the First Geneva Convention which founded the Red Cross (1864).

Brunet, Suppl, II, p. 244: “89ff. Pour la Picca, 95 pour l’Allebarda, et 30 pour le Moschetto. Au 2e f., dans un encadrement, se trouve le portr. de George Digby, auquel le livre est dédié, et au 4e le portrait de l’auteur. Les gravures semblent avoir été gravées par Bertelli; il en faut 53, dont 34 pour l’exercice de la pique, 4 pour la hallebarde et 15 pour le mousquet” ; Graesse, V, p. 305 ;Gelli 277 “Beau volume très rare et recherché”; Thimm p.226; Cat.Vinciana 1457: «Uno dei più rari e importanti trattati di scherma, interessante per le 125 pittoresche posizioni di soldati in esercizio». Cockle 742.


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Il Capitano Generale. Nuoavamente mandato in luce.

Venice, Ziletti, 1556.


FIRST EDITION. 8vo. pp. (xx), 582, (iv). Italic letter. Woodcut printer’s device on title, historiated woodcut initials, autograph “Carlo Richa 1718” on title page. Light age yellowing, some minor mostly marginal spotting. A very good copy in contemporary limp vellum with the contemporary painted arms of Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Savoy, upper cover with the arms of Savoy held aloft by putti, crown above and motto gilt on red banner, arms on lower cover with lions rampant below and female figures at sides, all edges richly gilt and gauffered, painting rubbed. In perspex folding case.

First edition of Garimberto’s important treatise on the art of warfare with the splendid and most appropriate provenance of Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Savoy, and a particularly rare example of a painted binding with the Duke’s arms; a few examples are at the Bibliotheque Nationale. It appears that no copies can be found in Turin, or elsewhere in Italy. On the death of his brother Louis (1536), Emanuele Filiberto became successor to the throne of Savoy. In 1553 he inherited an almost empty honour, as the vast majority of his hereditary lands had been occupied and administered by the French since 1536. He started a most distinguished military career in 1543 when he entered the service of his uncle Charles V, with the aim of recovering his Duchy, and took part in the imperial victories in Ingolstadt (1546) and Mühlberg (1547).

He later joined his cousin Philip II in Spain participating in the defense of Barcelona from French maritime attack in 1551 and he served with Ferrante Gonzaga in the guerrilla war between the Spanish and French in Piedmont. He was also a suitor to the future Queen Elizabeth I. In 1553 he was appointed lieutenant-general and supreme commander of the Spanish army in Flanders, and in 1556 governor of the Netherlands. In 1557 he won a decisive and brilliant victory against the French troops led by Anne de Montmorency and Gaspard de Coligny. In the subsequent Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis (1559) Emanuele Filiberto was rewarded with the return of his estates. The peace was sealed by his marriage to Margaret, daughter of Francis I. A skilled political strategist, he took advantage of various squabbles in Europe to slowly regain territory from the French and the Spanish, including the city of Turin which he made the capital of his new Kingdom. He is considered one of the chief founders of the state of Savoy.

Garimberto’s treatise on warfare and government, based on the work of Machiavelli, was certainly most useful to him. “When he came to compose his book on warfare it was largely to the ‘Discoursi’ and the ‘Arte della guerra’ that he turned for inspiration, method, and subject matter, although he makes effective use of Fourquevaux’s ‘Instructions’ for more up to date information on modern battles. His procedure is to follow a general discussion of a particular issue with ancient examples especially from the Career of Julius Ceasar, and then to add modern and contemporary instances. The plan is not slavishly executed. Individual examples are themselves subjected to further scrutiny, and Garimberto is not unwilling to challenge Machiavelli. He comments on how military virtue has enabled men to rise from humble origins to high position, and he devotes a whole chapter to the preparations necessary to bring off a military coup.” Sydney Anglo, David Cressy. ‘Machiavelli, The First Century’. A most prestigious copy.

Carlo Richa is most probably the distinguished Piemontese professor and physician who published a major work “Morborum vulgarium historia” on the plague, in Turin in 1721, later translated into English.

BM STC C16th It. p. 290. Cockle 520. Not in Adams.


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DOGLIONI, Giovanni Nicolo

L’ungheria Spiegata.

Venice, Damian Zenaro, 1595.


FIRST EDITION. 4to. pp. (xxxii) 209 (iii). Roman and Italic letter, woodcut initials, head- and tail-pieces, title page with printer’s salamander device in woodcut border, foldout engraved map of Hungary after b4 by Girolamo Porro. Ex libris of Jesuit College Library in Brescia (“Brix.”), manuscript “La croce è à sigg.[?]’ on ffep, c19 bookplate of Biblioteca Sassella on front pastedown. Light age yellowing, damp staining to the gutters of last few leaves a good clean well-margined copy in contemporary limp vellum, paper label to spine, cords of two compartments exposed, slight wear to lower cover.

The first modern comprehensive history of Hungary, Doglioni’s work begins with brief descriptions of the land, climate, people and language, and the history of its occupation by the Romans, by the Huns in the fourth century until the invasion of the Magyars in 895. As Thorocz’s Chronica (1488) describes the 9th to the 15th century in great detail, this period is also treated briefly. Doglioni’s work becomes a primary source book for the century begining with the accession of Vladislaus II of Bohemia to the Hungarian throne in 1490, and his marriage to the daughter of Ferdinand I of Naples, Beatrice, the widow of his predecessor, which occupies all but the first 66 pp of the printed text.

Vladislaus was known as a “yes-man” or “King Yes” because he granted all requests, most strikingly those that limited his own rule and placed power in the hands of noble families and magnates. At his death the country was left in financial ruin, and the threat from all sides of Ottoman invasion was at breaking point. In 1526 his 19-year-old son and successor, King Louis II was killed in the Battle of Mohács, a victory that introduced a period of Ottoman rule. Descriptions of the bloody (“sanguinolente molto”) Turkish-Hungarian conflict and the influence of Ottoman culture over Catholic and Lutheran Hungary form the bulk of Doglioni’s history.

Doglioni is exact rather than moralistic, covering the division of the Hungarian nobility in 1526, their election of two competing kings, Janos Szapolyai and Ferdinand of Habsburg, war between the two, the consequent vulnerability of Hungary and its rupture into three parts in 1541 when the Ottoman Empire attempted to push further into Europe. The work concludes with the Battle of Giurgevo in 1595, when Sigmund of Transilvania defeated the Ottoman Empire. Dates and keywords are printed in the margins to orient the reader to these facts at-a-glance, and a timeline of the succession of kings from 997 to 1576 is at end of the work.

Giovanni Nicolo Doglioni (1548 – 1629) from Venice, served first as a notary and later was a writer. Unfortunately he could not prevent the plague epidemic of 1576, which resulted in his hospitalisation and the death of his wife and children. After that ordeal, he retired to focus on his writing, producing histories of Venice, Belluno, and this work.

The cartographer Girolamo Porro was well known for his maps of the world in Ruscelli’s edition of Ptolomy’s Giographia (1574), and Porcacchi’s book on famous islands of the world (1575).

BM STC It. p. 219. Index Aur. XII 154.527. Not in Adams, Gollner, Blackmer.


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