PEREYRA (Pererius), Benito (Benedictus Valentinus)

OCCULTISM & THEOLOGY

Adversus Fallaces et Superstitiosas Artes, id est, de Magia, de Observatione Somniorum, et de Divinatione Astrologica.

Venice, Giovambattista Ciotti Senese, 1592

£1950

8vo. pp. (vi), 256, (x). Roman and Italic letter, printed side notes. IHS monogram on title page surrounded by angels holding Passion symbols, small floriated initials and decorative head and tailpieces. Title page a little dusty with additional marginal oil mark, light ink mark and some further soiling in a few places, very tiny worm trail between gatherings A and K, small tear to right lower margin of R4. A good copy in later ¼ vellum over boards, gilt title of spine, number 82 inked on lower edge; wormed. “C. Riosa” on fly, unidentified ownership inscription in a contemporary hand on title page.

Scarce edition of this extremely interesting work on astrology and divination by the Jesuit philosopher Benito Pereira (1535-1610). He was born in Ruzafa (Valencia), entered the Society of Jesus in 1552 and taught literature, philosophy and theology at the Collegium Romanun until the end of his life. In 1576 he published “De principiis”, considered a fundamental work for the Counter-Reformation. In “Adversus fallaces” Pereira expresses his opinion on the judiciary astrology or divination, questioning the theories of Pomponazzi and Pietro d’Abano on natural magic. He admits the validity of natural magic but condemns  astrology, based on cabalistic and symbolical images.

Dedicated to the papal ambassador Camillo Caetano, the book is divided into three parts, respectively concerned with the different aspect of magic, observation of dreams and divination by astrology. Each chapter is preceded by a list of topics and disputes. A general introduction presents the purpose and of the work following the opinions of philosophers and Fathers of the Church, and observing the following axioms: divination is condemned by the Catholicism and in disagreement with philosophy, astrologers don’t really know physical phenomena and their prediction are faulty.

Book 1 outlines the Biblical conflict between  astrologers and Christians. It focuses on the differences between natural and human magic, and especially on that by demons. A comparison between miracles and necromancy is also included. Pereira confutes that souls of the dead can really be raised by necromancy. The author investigates the origin of superstition, quoting literary and historical episodes, such as, among others, the use of the magic in the ancient kingdoms of the Pharaohs, the works of Simon Magus and his enchantments discussed by Eusebius, Tertullian, Justin Martyr, etc. Books 2 especially deals with God’s involvement with dreams. Pereira suggests that they have a variety of origins, many are natural, some are of human origins and some are from God, like Solomon’s dreams. Book 3 provides a wide range of rational proofs of the unreliability of astrology and the mistakes of the demons’ predictions.

Only the Cornell University and University of Nebraska copies of this edition recorded in the US. Adams P655; Houzeau-Lancaster 4960; Caillet III 8518; Cantamessa includes reference at end (6011). Not in BM STC. Not in Brunet or Palau.

L2712

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DOLCE, Lodovico

MINERALOGY

Trattato delle gemme che produce la natura; nel quale di discorre della qualità, grandezza, bellezza et virtù loro.

Venice, Giovan Battista & Giovan Bernardo Sessa, 1617.

£2500

8vo. pp. 188, (iv). Roman and Italic letter, printer’s woodcut device on title page, small floriated initials. Minor spotting, title page slightly soiled. A very good, crisp copy in 19th century ¼ calf, with marbled covers, title lettered in gilt on spine, a. e. sprinkled green, slightly wormed and rubbed.

A later issue of this important work on the virtues of precious stones by the prolific Venetian polygraph Lodovico Dolce (1508-1568). After completing his education, he worked with the press of Gabriele Giolito de’ Ferrari in Venice. He composed comedies, tragedies and verses on mythology, influenced by Virgil, Ovid and Catullus. He also had a keen interest in art criticism and wrote the dialogue entitled “Aretino ovvero Dialogo di pittura” (1557) on the comparison of poetry and painting, where he praised the artist Titian.

The present treatise is a translation of Camillo Leonardi from Pesaro’s “Speculum lapidum” (1547), and falls into the lapidary tradition discussing origin, appearance and powers of the gems. Precious stones and metals were considered valuable since ancient times but they were also attributed particular qualities. The first treatises on the artificial stones were composed towards the end of the Middle Age. After the dedicatory letter to Giovambattista Campeggio, comparing the virtues of the patron to rubies and other gems, the preface stresses the ancient interest of princes and aristocrats in the gems. There follow three books: book 1 describes physical features of the stones, and how they were created by the action of the natural elements;  book 2 their properties and the influence they have on those who wear them. It ends up with an alphabet of the colours of the stones and an index containing names, etymology and species, as well as the place  where they are located and the virtue of each gem. The author includes references to precious stones in public collections, particularly the Basilica of Saint Mark in Venice and buildings in Rome. Book 3 is dedicated to the images sculpted into the stones studied by the geomancy, to be interpreted with the support of astrology. Other treatises on the topic were published in the same years, such as Jean de la Taille’s Blason de pierres preciouses (1574) and Remy Belleau’s Le Amours et nouveaux eschanges des pierres preciouses (1576), however, as his authorities, Dolce mostly mentions only the philosophers Aristotle, Avicenna, Averroes and Albert the Great.

BL, 305. Gamba lists earlier editions (1565, p. 403: 1355). Not in Brunet or Graesse. Not in Fontanini.

L2713

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LE ROY, Louis

ALDINE PHILOSOPHY

De la vicissitudine ò mutabile varietà delle cose, nell’universo.

Venice, Giorgio Angelieri presso Aldo Manuzio, 1585.

£1950

FIRST EDITION thus. 4to. pp. (xxxii) 327 (i). Roman letter, occasional Italic. Title within woodcut architectural border with cherubs holding palm leaves, male and female figures, weapons and printer’s device; decorated initials, head- and tailpieces. Light age yellowing, couple of ll. with light mostly marginal water stains, mostly marginal, slight marginal foxing in a few places, a few gatherings lightly browned, small slip pasted over two lines on one Ai. A good, well-margined copy in contemporary vellum, yapp edges, contemporary title and shelfmark inked to upper cover. Spine cracked with minor loss to upper compartment. Stamps of Jesuit seminary ‘SGS’ on t-p, tiny early marginal inscription to t-p, early ink stamp of the ‘Bibliot (?)  Stanu[y]’ on t-p and verso. 

Good first edition of Louis Le Roy’s much admired and curious work on the mutability of the universe, in its Italian translation by the humanist Ercole Cato. Le Roy (1510?-77) was a humanist, political writer and historian renowned for his translations of Greek authors, including Aristotle and Plato, into French. ‘De la vicissitudine’, first published in French in 1575, was his last work and a definitive compendium of his prismatic ideas on history, politics, letters and philosophy. The main subject of the work are ‘the variety and vicissitudes of men, peoples, cities, republics, kingdoms and empires’. A blend of the classical and Christian traditions inspired by the cultural syncretism of Italian humanism, it concentrates on change—inspired by the Renaissance concepts of ‘mutability’ and ‘variety’—as the principle responsible for all historical mutations, from migrations to wars, the history of civilisations, the making and unmaking of the physical world through interactions between the four elements. These mutations, Le Roy argued, are kept together by divine providence which prevents such balance of contraries from turning into chaos. In the section where Le Roy explains the simultaneous creation and eventual end of the Heavens and Stars, the owner of this copy concealed with a pasted slip: ‘when the Universe will have dissolved, returning to the ancient Chaos and original darkness’. Le Roy was especially attracted by the birth, development and ruin of civilisations, which he explored through the medieval model of universal history embracing the origins of man to the present. The work ends in a sombre tone, with a prophetical message based on the warnings of the past, that the climax of European civilisation might soon be undone by new invading peoples, plagues and wars.

Niccolò Manassi (fl. 1590), a scholar and author of the preface, was entrusted with the Venetian Aldine press from 1585, when Aldus the Younger moved to Rome to run the Vatican press.

USTC 837671; Renouard 235:1; BM STC It. p. 376; Alden 584/43 and 575/16: ‘Includes references to America’. Not in Brunet or Graesse. M. Jeanneret, Perpetual Motion: Transforming Shapes in the Renaissance from da Vinci to Montaigne, Baltimore, 2000, pp. 166-67.

L2717

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FERRARA, Camillo, Gabriele

ELEMENTS OF SURGERY

Nova Selva di Cirurgia.

Venice, Bartolomeo Carampello, 1596.

£2500

FIRST EDITION. 8vo. ff. (12), 118. Roman and Italic letter, printer’s woodcut device on title page, floriated initials, 6 illustrations depicting alembics and alchemical equipment. Title page slightly foxed, occasional spotting, H5 and H7 trimmed with some loss, very light marginal soiling and staining on last 5 leaves, heavier on last, minor worming affecting last leaf. A good copy in modern vellum over boards, title inked on spine, slightly wormed. Ownership inscription by an early hand on title and first recto reading “Ex-libris … Bitontini”.

A rare edition of this treatise on surgery, including a section on distillation and woodcuts depicting distillation apparatus, by Camillo Ferrara (1543-1627), known surgeon from Milan, who was the first to give a lucid insight on microsurgery (sewing blood vessels and nerves back together). In 1598 the work was translated into Latin and enlarged.

As explained in the title and prologues, the work is intended as a practical manual for surgeons including unpublished professional secrets. Ferrara asserts that not only the surgeon has to be experienced and knowledgeable on different remedies, but also familiar with distillation. The work starts with a paragraph on the general rules for a career in surgery: the skills of the physician (knowledge, precision, good vision, emotional balance and self-confidence); analysis of the disease, based on the examination of the symptoms as well as on the patient’s account (anamnesis); the choice of remedies, not only drugs, but also instruments, lifestyle, quality of habitat and environment. There follow two main sections, each preceded by a short introduction and an index of topics in alphabetical order: the first deals with a wide range of diseases, the second with all remedies and the techniques of distillation. Among the diseases are head injuries, particularly open head injuries, eyes diseases, weapon injuries, fears, blood vessels, ulcers, gangrenes, hernias, liver diseases, fevers, hangover, rage in dogs and humans, difficult pregnancies with abortion, toothache, effects of poisoning. Paragraphs 14-15, and 17-18 contain information on microsurgery.  As much detailed and extended is the second part on remedies and treatments, such as eye drops and various distillates for gums and tooth, hair,  stomach, fevers, especially caused by plagues; antidotes for viper’s bites, balms for different inflammations. Most interesting is the description of distillates or powders which can stop the bleeding or heal bruises. The last pages describe the illustrations: curious vases featuring Hermes Trismegistus and a galley, and other distillation apparatus. The numerous observations on prevention show the modern medical approach of the author.

RARE. Only 4 copies recorded in the US (Michigan State University; CRL Chicago; National Library of Medicine; University of Minnesota). Krivalsi, 4028-4030; Dürling, 1492; Wellcome, I, 2222. Not in Osler. Not in Heirs of Hippocrates. Not in Brunet or Graesse. Not IN BL STC. Not in Choulant.

L2674

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[HERBAL]­ L’OBEL, Matthias de

Plantarum seu Stirpium Icones.

Antwerp, Ex officina Christophori Plantini, 1581.

£12,500

FIRST EDITION. Oblong 4to. 2 vol. in 1. pp. [viii], 816, 280, [xcii]. ***⁴, A-Z⁸, a-z⁸,2A-2E⁸; 2A-2R⁸, 2S-2X⁴, 2Y⁶. Ff in vol. 2 bound out of order, sig. E3 with woodcut overlay, leaves from a later French herbal bound in at end. Roman and Italic letter. Plantin’s woodcut compass device on title, woodcut initial, 2176 woodcuts in various sizes, two to three per page, (Count is according to Voet; other authorities give slightly different totals, owing to the difficulty of determining whether adjoining ill. are from a single block), contemporary autograph “Jacobi Riedinj Basilae 1584” on title, another, later, below and at side, bookplate of Robert James Shuttleworth on pastedown, copious manuscript notes throughout in Reidinger’s hand, additional notes in C18th and C19th hands. Title page fractionally dusty with a few ink smudges in lower margin, light age yellowing with some minor marginal spotting in places, occasional light waterstain to margins, the odd thumb mark, a few tears in blank outer margins, a ring­mark on AA5. A very good copy in C19th half vellum over marbled paper boards, a little soiled.

First edition of this very beautiful and copiously illustrated herbal; the work consists almost entirely of the woodcuts which Plantin had made for various botanical works, principally Clusius and Dodoens, printed 2 or 3 to a page, each with Latin name and a page reference to the Latin and Dutch editions of Lobel’s full text. After the Clusius edition of 1576, the Plantarum contains some of the earliest woodcuts of exotic plants, such as tulips, introduced to Europe from Asia Minor. “First edition of this collection of the fine woodcuts made by Plantin for various botanical works; the classification was made by de Lobel. It is a most useful reference work in connection with the study of 16th ­century botanical illustration.” (Hunt). The woodcuts were later used in the 1633 edition of Gerarde’s Herbal. The work also contains a reprint of the first illustration of tobacco; “Sana Sancta Indorum, siue Nicotiana Gallorum” v. 1, p. 584. The woodcut is reprinted from the ‘Stirpium adversaria nova’ by Pierre Pena and L’Obel, (London, 1571; Plantin’s ed., 1576, has title: Nova stirpium adversaria). This is described as the first recorded illustration of the tobacco plant in Arents, G. Tobacco, I, no. 13 (reproduced, p. 240).

L’Obel spent some time traveling and settled in England for about four years (1566–1571), probably as a protestant refugee. He lived on Lime Street, London in any area containing many protestant refugees from the continent and he came to know the English botanist, John Gerard. Lobelius’ first publication, Stirpium adversaria nova (1571) was written at the end of his stay in England, and upon settling in Antwerp. It was a collaboration with Pierre Pena, a fellow student and traveling companion, and was an important milestone in botanical history. The Stirpium included information on about 1,200 plants and was an early attempt to classify them into groups by the form of their leaves. In 1581 Plantin published this work, a collection combining the illustrations published in the works of Dodoens, L’Ecluse and de L’Obel, arranged by the latter, with the name of each plant in Latin. It includes an “Index synonymicvs stirpivm” in Latin, Dutch, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese and English. The ‘Icones’ was meant to be used as a visual supplement to Lobel’s ‘Plantarum seu stirpium historia’ of 1576 and its Flemish translation, the ‘Kruydtboeck’, also printed by Plantin in 1581. There are cross references above each plant to these editions. Plantin commissioned woodblocks for the ‘Icones’ in 1580; these were reused in many other botanical publications of the Plantin press. The preliminary ‘Elenchus plantarum fere congenerum’ in which the plants are arranged according to their affinities, was cited by Linnaeus throughout his ‘Species plantarum’ of 1753 and thus contributed to the birth of modern binomial taxonomy. l’Obel studied under Rondelet at Montpellier and practiced medicine both in the Netherlands and England. He was appointed physician to William, the Silent. He returned to England in 1584, where he settled definitively, and where he made a valuable study of British flora, becoming botanist to King James I (DSB VIII pp. 435-6).

Adams L-1383. Pritzel 5549. Hunt botanical cat., I, 138. Nissen, C. Botanische Buchillustration, 1220. Bib. Belgica, L120. Voet, L. Plantin Press, 1580.

SN 2787

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ARISTOTLE

FINE ETON BINDING

Organum, hoc est, libri omnes ad logicam pertinentes,

Frankfurt, apud heredes Andreae VVecheli, Claudium Marnium, & Iohan. Aubrium, 1597

£4,950

Large 8vo. pp. 209-895, (i) only. O-KKk8. Greek and Roman letter in double column, side notes and glosses in tiny Roman. Very numerous woodcut diagrams in text, small floriated woodcut initials, bookplate of Robert S Pirie on pastedown. Light age yellowing. A fine copy, with good margins, (many deckle edges to lower margin), in contemporary thick dark calf by Williamson, binder of Eton College, covers double blind and single gilt ruled to a panel design, stopped at the corners by a gilt floral tools, large block-stamped gilt corner-pieces to corners of inner panel, tree device, with ‘noli altum sapere’ panel, gilt stamped to centres, “Charls: Somersett” gilt stamped within double gilt ruled box frame in upper compartment, his motto “Mutare: Vel: Timere. Sperno”, within similar box frame, on lower cover, edges blind ruled, spine double gilt ruled in compartments, with star fleuron gilt at centres, title gilt lettered direct above, remains of blue silk ties, head and tail of spine very expertly restored, joints a little rubbed.

A fine and exceptionally rare example of a beautiful English binding by Vincent Williamson, binder of Eton College, bound for Charles Somerset. Williamson sometimes, as here, used a distinctive gilt tooled ‘Noli altum sapere’ based on the Estienne device, but adopted by the booksellers Bonham and John Norton and in some cases used by the binder of their books. According to Nixon, Williamson appears to be the first English binder to tool the title of a book on the spine (as here). He is probably the Vincent Williamson apprenticed to George Singleton, stationer, on March 7, 1603. Parish records of St. Giles Cripplegate show that he married Elizabeth Dawson in December 1584. He is referred to in the records of Eton College until 1621. “London was not the only town where gold-tooled bookbindings were made in the first half of the seventeenth century. Thanks to Sir Robert Birley’s researches, we know of bookbindings being produced at Eton, and we know the name of the binder, one Williamson. We even know that he was the first – but by no means the last – recorded English bookbinder who found at one stage of his career that alcohol improved his finishing, only to find that the improvement lasted but a short time… Nevertheless he continued to work until c, 1621, although already in 1608 Sir Dudley Carleton wrote from Eton to a friend in London: ..”We have here a goode workman, but he hath commonly his hands full of worke, and his head full of drinck, yet I had as leve venture my worke with this good fellow that is sometime sober, as with them that are always mad” He also bound several books for Sir Charles Somerset, when the later left Eton in 1604, which are very nearly the first English bindings to be lettered on the spine”. Nixon and Foot The History of Decorated Bookbinding in England, p. 52. See plate 42 for an example of a Williamson binding made for Charles Somerset and BL Shelfmark c128k3 for another, without the Noli Altum Sapere device.

BM STC Ger. C17th p. 41.

L2251

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[MÜLLER, HEINRICH, ed. (with) HERBERSTEIN, Sigmund von.

ILLUSTRATED SAMMELBAND ON MUSCOVY AND THE OTTOMANS

Türckische Historien. (with) Moscoviter wunderbare Historien.

1) Frankfurt, Paul Reffler, in v. Kilian Rebarts, 1570; 2) Basel, haer. Nikolaus Brylinger & Marx Russinger, 1567.

£13,750

Folio. Two works in one, separate t-p to each. Large Gothic letter, in red and black. Decorated initials. I) Three parts in one, ff. (xxviii) 85 (iii); ff. 105 (v); ff. 56. 18 large woodcuts of Ottoman sultans. II) pp. (xxiv) 246 (vi). Printer’s device to t-p; woodcut of Tsar with arms of Moscow to verso; five full-page woodcuts of bison, weapons, skis, sledges, and Russian cavalry; three engraved double-page maps of Muscovy with arms of the Herberstein family, two on stubs. Light age browning, a bit heavier to a few ll., intermittent light water stain towards outer margins, small ink splash to first t-p, marginal worm trail to one gathering, lower outer corners a bit marked, traces of dividers to a few outer margins. Good, well-margined, clean copy in contemporary German pigskin over bevelled wooden boards, two clasps, fore-edges blue. Blind-tooled to a triple-rule panel design, outer border with interlacing foliage, second with allegorical female figures of Caritas, Spes, Fortitudo, Fides, and binder’s monogram ‘MG’, third with male heads in roundels and arms of Augsburg and Saxony, and another unidentified, ‘MG’ repeated, central panel with two rolls of images of Sts John and Peter, and Christ, surrounded by male heads in roundels, arms of Augsburg and another unidentified. Lower cover slightly rubbed.

The handsome binding, the detail of which remains very crisp, was made by Matthias Gärtner (e.g., EBDB r003532 and EBDB r003484), active in Augsburg between 1563 and 1590.

A finely illustrated sammelband of uncommon German ethnographic surveys of Muscovy and the Ottoman territories. I) Translated and edited by Heinrich Müller, ‘Türckische Historien’ is an adaptation of influential contemporary works on the Ottomans. The first part is based on the Italian version of the ‘Palinodia de los Turcos’ by Vasco Díaz Tanco de Fregenal (c.1490-c.1573), a Spanish humanist and polymath. It is a compendium of the history of the Turks inspired by Paolo Giovio’s renowned ‘Commentario de le cose de’ Turchi’ (Rome, 1532). Like traditional ethnographic accounts, it employs anecdotes and vivid episodes to enrich historical events, spanning the origins of the Turks and the war between Selim III, Charles V and the Serenissima. Unlike its source, this translation is handsomely illustrated with portraits of Ottoman Sultans. The second part, which bears a separate t-p and the date 1565, is based on ‘I cinque libri della legge, religione, et vita de’ Turchi’ (Venice and Florence, 1548) by Giovan Antonio Menavino (b. 1492). It is an account of the time Menavino spent at the court of the Sultan of Constantinople after being captured by the Turks aboard a ship, and contains a wealth of information on Turkish customs, laws, religion, institutions, and army, including observations on temples, burials, and ‘hospitals’ for the relief of pilgrims, travellers, the poor and sick. The third part, with a separate t-p and the date 1563, is an edition of ‘Ursachen des Türkenkriegs’ (Strasbourg, 1558) by Johannes Aventinus (Johann Georg Turmair) (1477-1534), a German historian and philologist. Aventinus analyses the religious, political and military causes of the Turkish wars, adding that the papal crusades had corrupted the principles of a just war with the market of indulgences. II) ‘Moscoviter wunderbare Historien’ is a translation of ‘Rerum Moscovitarum Commentarii’ (1549) by the historian and diplomat Sigmund von Herberstein (1486-1566). Written between 1517 and 1527, it relies heavily on Herberstein’s personal experience and interactions with Russian people, whose language he could speak. The woodcuts and maps are in excellent condition; this is one of the earliest illustrations of the use of skis. The maps depict the topography of Muscovy, from its boundary with Livonia to Siberia, its physical conformation, rivers, lakes, and vegetation, and the first modern plan of the city of Moscow. They are elegantly engraved and in such fine detail that individual features and buildings are easily identifiable. 

I) Only Harvard copy recorded in the US.

USTC 695747, 626839, and 627141; Göllner 1264.

II) Only Kansas copy recorded in the US.

USTC 676477; Graesse III, 245; BM STC Ger. p. 397.

L2769

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HULSIUS, Levinus

HANDSOME CONTEMPORARY IMPERIAL BINDING

Chronologia. Hoc est, brevis descriptio rerum memorabilium. (with) Chronologia. Das ist ein kurtze beschreibung.

Nürnberg, Lievin Hulsius, Christoph Lochner, 1597.

£3,950

4to. pp. (vi) 89, as usual without the map; FIRST EDITION, ff. 38 unnumbered, A-M4 [X4], 2A-H4, I2. Two works in one, separate t-p to each. Both t-p with fine engraving of arms of European and Near Eastern nations; engraved arms of Eberhard of Dienheim, Bishop of Speyer within cartouche with cherubs and cornucopiae, to verso of next in both parts; coin engraving in second; decorated initials and headpieces. General light age browning, heavier in a few gatherings, faint water stain to outer lower corner of a few initial ll., t-p a bit thumbed, early repair to one lower corner. Well-margined copies in contemporary German polished vellum, yapp edges, triple blind rule to outer edge, entirely tooled in silver, fleurons to each corner, central panel dated ‘1597’ and ornate rhombus-shaped centrepiece with arms of the Holy Roman Emperor and the Dienheim family to upper and lower cover respectively, surrounded by allegorical figures of Justice and Fortune and large fleurs-de-lis. Spine in five compartments, all silver, somewhat oxidised. Bookplate of Maurice Burrus to front and early annotations to rear pastedown.

The handsome late C16 binding, entirely tooled in silver, was produced for Eberhard of Dienheim (1540-1610). No similar design, especially the exquisite centrepiece with Fortune, Justice and armorial designs, is recorded in Davis, Goldschmidt or the Einbanddatenbank.

Very good, crisp copies of these uncommon and finely illustrated Latin and German editions of Hulsius’s ‘Chronologia’. Born in Belgium, Levinus Hulsius (1546-1606) settled in Nuremberg in the late 1580s, became a notary, one of the earliest traders in mathematical-astronomical instruments, and, from 1596, also a writer and publisher of scientific books, dictionaries and geographical works such as a Latin and German edition of Sir Walter Raleigh’s ‘Description of Guiana’. His ‘Chronologia’ was a survey of the most interesting historical and topographical information on European, Asian and African cities and nations, from Ferrara to Russia and Anatolia, based on medieval and contemporary sources. Each chapter is devoted to a city or geographical area, presenting a short compendium of key events in their history and their geographical features. It was very successful: of the 1600 copies of the first Latin edition, published in 1596, there remained, according to Hulsius’s dedication in this second, only one. The first and second Latin editions came with a map often referenced in the text, but which is rarely found; the German edition was to accompany a separate map of Austria-Hungary. The ‘Chronologia’ is notable for featuring the first representation of the arms of Transylvania, created by Hulsius himself. The handsome armorial engravings on the t-p and verso of A2 were produced by Johann Siebmacher (1561-1611), an artist and publisher from Nuremberg and author of the influential ‘Wappenbuch’ (‘Book of Arms’) of German heraldry.

Eberhard of Dienheim (1540-1610) was appointed Bishop of Speyer in 1584. Following the Reformation, Eberhard supervised the printing of a new breviary, published a book of hymns and several pamphlets. He was a bibliophile and possessor of a heraldic ‘album amicorum’ now preserved at the Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek.

Maurice Burrus (1882-1959) was an industrialist and tobacco magnate with a great interest in philately and rare books and manuscripts, of which he amassed an extraordinary collection.

1) Only Princeton and NYPL copies recorded in the US. [Appears only Mazarine and BNF possess a copy with a map. It is absent from Princeton, NYPL, Casanatese, Centrale di Roma, Madrid Complutense, Sevilla and Mazarine (second copy).]

USTC 622545; Brunet III, 370: ‘A en juger par le titre ci-dessus, et ouvrage, peu connu, doit être accompagné d’une carte, laquelle nous semble être encore plus rare que le texte’ [on 1596 edition with same reference to a ‘tabula topographica’]. Not in BM STC Ger. or Graesse.

2) Newberry, NYPL and Penn copies recorded in the US.

USTC 622540. Not in BM STC Ger., Brunet or Graesse.

L2800

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TRIGAULT, Nicolas

De Christiana expeditione.

Lyon, Horatius Cardon, 1616.

£6,500

4to. pp. (xvi) 628 (xii), fold-out plan and index. Roman letter with Italic. Charming engraved architectural t-p with standing figures of Francis Xavier and Matteo Ricci, cherubs, stemma of the Society of Jesus, and map of China; decorated head- and tailpieces with foliage, satyrs, fleurs-de-lis and arabesques; decorated initials; fold-out plan with key of Jesuit residence in Peking; marbled fore-edges in red and blue. A few gatherings lightly browned, intermittent faint water stain to outer lower corner, occasional ink marks, the odd slight marginal foxing, small marginal loss to one fol. A very good, crisp, well-margined copy in contemporary vellum, lightly rubbed. ‘1400’ and ‘RC Jenkins, Lyminge Feb 25 1887’ on front pastedown, ‘usc £15’ on rear pastedown.

A good, crisp copy of the second edition of Nicolas Trigault’s influential Latin translation of Matteo Ricci SJ. Trigault (1577-1628) was a Flemish Jesuit who carried out ground-breaking missionary work in China in the early C17. Inspired by the activities of Ricci, Trigault founded new missions and encouraged the translation of European works on science and religion into Chinese. Between 1614 and 1618, Trigault was in Europe to report to Pope Paul V about the Chinese missions and to promote the Jesuits’ work in China. Whilst in Europe, he edited and translated from Italian into Latin Matteo Ricci’s missionary journal, first published in 1615 and reprinted numerous times. Ricci (1552-1610) spent over twenty years in China, where he travelled extensively, founded several missions and supervised the construction of a Catholic church in Peking, a city hitherto ‘forbidden’ to Westerners. Ricci quickly mastered Chinese script and Classical Chinese, a linguistic talent he applied to the writing of a Portuguese-Chinese dictionary. After devoting a few pages to Ricci’s biography, ‘De expeditione’ provides a short introduction to Chinese administration, art and religion, including the presence of Islamism and Judaism. The rest of the work is concerned with the deeds of Ricci (and sometimes other Jesuit missionaries), his travels, learning, and encounters. One section is devoted to one of Ricci’s fundamental contributions to Chinese culture: a European-style world map (1.52 x 3.66 metres) in Chinese, centred on China, which the Wanli Emperor requested to be printed on silk and hung on the walls of his palace—it was also the first Chinese map to feature the Americas. A Latin adaptation of this map, circumscribed to the Chinese Empire, is present on the t-p of this edition.

This copy belonged to Robert C. Jenkins (1815-96), a renowned C19 English antiquarian.

Brunet V, 946: ‘ouvrage curieux’; Graesse VII, 197; Cordier II, 809.

L2737

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CICERO. [MANUTIUS, Paolo (ed.)]

12 VOLUME ALDINE CICERO

[Opera.]

I-IV) and VI-XII) Venice, Paulus Manutius, 1547-1563; V) Venice, in aedibus Aldi et Andreae Torresani, 1519.

£5,500

8vo. I) ff. 184; II) ff. 240; III) ff. 348; IV) ff. 312; V) ff. 175 (v); VI) ff. 387 (xx); VII) ff. 286 (lxiv); VIII) ff. 258 (xxxiv); IX) ff. (viii) 311 (xlix); X) ff. 127 (xxi); XI) FIRST EDITION, ff. (vi) 469; XII) (x) 144. Italic letter, occasional Roman. Printer’s device to titlepages and a few last ll., edges speckled red. A little very light age yellowing, very slight marginal foxing, t-p and last ll. occasionally minimally soiled, a few faint water stains in vols II, III, V, VIII and XII, occasional light browning in vols V, VIII, X, minor marginal repair in vol. VI and to t-p and first fol. in vol. XI, a couple of minor ink marks affecting letters in vols IV, V, and XI, last few ll. with loss to blank upper outer corner in vol. XII. A fine set of very good, crisp, generally well-margined copies most in C18 calf, marbled eps, gilt triple-ruled borders, gilt rosettes to each corner, gilt inner dentelles, spine richly gilt, edges speckled red. Vol. XII in early ¼ calf, marbled boards, vols. V and VI in matching early C19 calf gilt, vol. XI in near matching, spine slightly less gilt. Labels of the Society of Jesus, William O’Brien dated 1899, and Milltown Park library on most pastedowns, C19 bibliographical note to second fep in vol. I, early autograph ‘Pauli Terhaarij Amstelodamae’ [the C17 Dutch humanist Paul Ter Haar] to t-p in vol. 7, the odd early annotation to vols V and XII. Silk bookmarks.

The gilt fleurs-de-lis on the spine of vols 1-4 and 6-9 closely resemble a tool used by N.-D. Derome between the late C18 and early C19 in France. Barber, ‘Printed Books and Bookbindings’, FL34 (544, 734).

Lovely set, rarely found together, of the massive corpus of Cicero’s judicial, political, rhetorical, philosophical and epistolary works (including two commentaries by Paolo Manutius), the eleventh volume being a FIRST EDITION and the fifth very rare. One of the most influential figures of classical antiquity, Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43BC) was a Roman politician and lawyer. An increasingly prominent public figure as quaestor and consul during the rule of Sulla and Julius Caesar, he put his legal skills to the service of politics with speeches, like those against Catiline and Mark Anthony, which became landmarks of forensic oratory. Defined by Quintilian as ‘eloquence itself’, his copious prose production occupied a fundamental place in medieval syllabi, especially ‘De inventione’ and ‘Rhetorica ad Herennium’. Subsequent to the rediscovery of further texts, including the letters, by scholars like Petrarch, Cicero contributed to forging the Latin style of the Renaissance and its ideas on political theory (e.g., Republicanism), rhetoric (e.g., the principles of argument, eloquence and invention) and philosophy (e.g., ancient Greco-Roman cults and Stoicism). This set embraces his entire body of work known at the time, comprising judicial and political speeches (grouped in ‘De oratore’ and ‘Orationum Pars I-III’), rhetoric (also featuring ‘Rhetorica ad Herennium’, now considered spurious), philosophy (including ‘De natura deorum’, ‘De officiis’ and ‘De senectute’) and letters (‘Epistolae ad Atticum’, ‘ad Brutum’, ‘ad Familiares’ and ‘ad Quintum Fratrem’). All but one were printed by Paolo Manutius in Venice between 1547 and 1563, including the uncommon editions of ‘Orationum Pars I-II’ (vols 3 and 4) and ‘Epistolae Familiares’ (vol. 9); the rare ‘Orationum Pars III’ (vol. 5) was produced ‘in aedibus Aldi et Andreae Torresani’ in 1519. Vols 11 and 12 contain Manutius’s commentaries with emendations to the epistles ‘ad Atticum’, ‘ad Brutum’ and ‘ad Quintum’.

1) Rhetoricorum ad Herennium; De inventione, Topica ad Trebatium, Oratoriae partitiones (1559). Not in BM STC It.; Rénouard 177:6.

2) Stanford, Yale, Wellesley, Newberry, Seton Hall, Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Massachusetts, Boston Colleges, Miami, Wisconsin at Madison, BYU, Franklin & Marshall, Harvard copies recorded in the US.

De oratore, Orator, De claris oratoribus (1559). BM STC It. p. 176; Rénouard 177:5.

3) Only Columbia, UCLA and BYU copies recorded in the US.

Orationum Pars I (1562). BM STC It., p. 180; Rénouard 187:14.

4) Only Columbia, UCLA and BYU copies recorded in the US

Orationum Pars II (1562). BM STC It., p. 180; Rénouard 187:14.

5) Only Chicago copy recorded in the US.

Orationum Pars III (1519). BM STC It., p. 179; Rénouard 86:2: ‘Très belles editions, beaucoup plus rares (…) que celles de 1540 et années suivantes’; Brunet II, 37: ‘belle et très rare’.

6) Epistolae ad Atticum, ad M. Brutum, ad Quinctum fratrem (1563). Rénouard 189:10. Not in BM STC It.

7) De Philosophia Pars I (1560). BM STC It. p. 176; Rénouard 180:5.

8) De Philosophia Pars II (1560). BM STC It. p. 176; Rénouard 180:5. Not in Brunet or Dibdin.

9) Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Yale and UCLA copies recorded in the US.

Epistolae Familiares (1563). BM STC It., p. 178. Not in Rénouard.

10) De Officiis libri tres (1555). BM STC It. p. 176; Rénouard 165:6.

11) In epistolas Ciceronis ad Atticum, Pauli Manutii commentarius. (1547). Brunet II, 48; Rénouard 140:6. Not BM STC It. or Dibdin.

12) Michigan, Chicago, Central Washington, Stanford, SFPL, BYU and Williams copies recorded in the US.

Commentarius Paulii Manutii in Epistolas ad M. Junium Brutum, & ad Q. Ciceronem fratrem (1557). Rénouard 171:10. Not in BM STC It.

L2695

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