NORDEN, John

WITH THE RARE MAPS

Speculum Britanniae. The first parte, An historicall & chorographicall discription of Middlesex,

[London, Printed at Eliot’s Court Press], 1593.

£7,500

FIRST EDITION. pp. [viii], 48, [iv]. [A]⁴ B-G⁴ H². (lacking H2, final leaf with commendatory verses, text complete) Roman and Italic letter, three double page engraved maps, engraved architectural title by Pieter van den Keere, with figures at sides with surveying instruments, royal arms above, dedication to Elizabeth I with her full-page engraved arms on verso, woodcut armorial illustrations, historiated woodcut initials, typographical ornaments, early manuscript annotations, mostly faded but those on verso of engraved title with some show-through, library stamp of the ‘Lawes Agricultural Trust’ on pastedown. Light age yellowing, a little minor marginal dust soiling, the occasional spot, map of Middlesex with small ink stain. A good copy in modern calf, covers double blind ruled to a panel design, spine with two raised bands, morocco label gilt in long. 

First edition of this very rare work unusually complete with three most important engraved maps and plans of London, Middlesex and Westminster. The map depicts Middlesex, and the two plans show London and Westminster, the former within a border of coats-of-arms of the great twelve Livery Companies. “The map (of London)is flanked by the arms of the twelve great livery companies and features title at the top with royal and city arms. The scale bar is at top right and a key to inns, churches, halls and other prominent places feature in a panel below the plan. The map was intended for countrymen visiting the city and was reissued in 1623 and 1653 with enlarged tables of reference.” BL Nordens work was innovative as it was based entirely upon his own surveying and not on previous maps. “Saxton’s younger contemporary, John Norden, is known for his panorama of London.. He was a surveyor by trade and his Speculum Britanniae of 1593 includes important maps of Middlesex and useful plans of the cites of Westminster and London. These are original works – not based on earlier maps – and invaluable for understanding the topography of Elizabethan England. .. Norden’s engraver was was Pieter van der Keere. In Norden’s Speculum Britanniae a marginal index with a key of letters and numbers is used for the first time in an English Map. This innovation makes sense in a work like the Speculum which is not a Grand Atlas, but more of a guide book, complete with foldout maps and information pertinent to the traveller to London, such as a summary of the city’s history, a list of parishes, descriptions of noteworthy landmarks, and praise of its merits as a city “most sweetly scituate upon the Thamis”” Valerie Hotchkiss, ‘English in Print from Caxton to Shakespeare to Milton.’ “John Norden (1548—1625?), English topographer, was the first Englishman who designed a complete series of county histories and geographies. His earliest known work of importance was the Speculum Britanniae, first part .. Middlesex (1593); the MS. of this in the British Museum (Harl. 570) has corrections, &c., in Lord Burleigh’s handwriting. In 1595 he wrote a Chorographical Description of .. Middlesex, Essex, Surrey, Sussex, Hampshire, Wight, Guernsey and Jersey, dedicated to Queen Elizabeth; the MS. of this is in the British Museum, Addit. MSS. Norden’s maps of London and Westminster (in his Speculum Britanniae of 1593) are the best representations known of the English metropolis under the Tudors; his maps of Middlesex (also from the Spec. Brit. of 1593), of Essex (1594, 1840), of Hertfordshire (1598, 1723) and of Cornwall are also noteworthy; in the last-named the roads are indicated for the first time in English topography.” Encyclopaedia Britannica .

The maps are well preserved and in particularly good impressions. 

ESTC S113229. STC 18635. Howgego 5.1.

L2972

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BURTON, Henry

A SUPPRESSED WORK

The baiting of the Pope’s bull. Or An vnmasking of the mystery of iniquity,

London, By W[illiam] I[ones, Augustine Mathewes, John Jaggard? and others?] for Michaell Sparke, 1627.

£9,500

FIRST EDITION. 4to.pp. [lii], 95, [i]: pi², [par.]⁴,[2par.]⁴, a⁴, 2*⁴, [sec.]⁴, A-N⁴ [Without [sec]4 blank]. “pi², M-N⁴ are the same setting as 4137, and 2[par.]⁴, 2*⁴. [sec.]⁴ are reimposed from 4137. A. Mathewes pr[inted]. at least [par.]⁴, a⁴; I. Jaggard prob[ably]. pr[inted]. at least A-B⁴, and other printers may have been involved” STC. “Copies may show a mixture of sheets with STC 4137.” ESTC. Roman and Italic letter, Large woodcut on title of the King attacking the Pope with his sword whilst a Catholic Bishop below turns away his followers by presenting them with the Papal Bull, woodcut initials, head and tail-pieces, typographical ornaments, Huth label on pastedown, bookplate of the Fox Pointe collection on fly, ‘Wilfred Merton 1912’ in pencil on fly with price ‘£2.20’ below, William H Allen’s bookseller description loosely inserted. Very light age yellowing, blank rectos of first and verso of last leaf slightly dusty, very rare marginal spot or mark. A fine, wide margined copy, with many deckle edges, in handsome mid C19th calf by Clarke & Bedford, covers bordered with a triple gilt rule, spine with gilt ruled raised bands, gilt ruled in compartments with fleurons gilt at centres, black morocco labels gilt lettered, edges and inner dentelles gilt, a.e.g. 

A fine, large margined, copy of this very rare work by the puritan Devine Henry Burton, a point by point rebuttal of the Papal bull issued by Urban VIII in 1626 in which he counselled English Catholics to abjure the Oath of Allegiance issued on the accession of Charles I. The work was particularly controversial for its virulent attack on Jesuits in the prefatory epistles to Charles I and to Buckingham which lead to the suppression of the work by the Bishop of London. “[The book contains the] usual indulgence in anti-Catholic vitriol – casting the Pope as Antichrist – but it was in the special epistle to the duke of Buckingham that Burton was most controversial. Burton suggested that as the king needed money so desperately, he should take it from the Jesuits in the country. Buckingham was entrusted with the responsibility of protecting the crown, church, and true religion, and he was charged with searching everywhere, including his own household, for Jesuits who should be treated as traitors. After licensing by Jeffrey, this book was entered to the printer William Jones in the Stationers Registers on 26th April 1627. In spite of the legal entry, the Bishop of London suppressed the sale and the publishing of ‘The baiting of the Pope’s Bull’; as early as 20 May 1627 the masters and wardens of the Stationers Company were instructed to seize all copies.” Suellen Mutchow Towers ‘Control of Religious Printing in Early Stuart England.’

Burton (1578 – 1648) Puritan divine, educated at St. John’s College Cambridge, Clerke of the Closet to Prince Charles, was sacked for having presented Charles with a letter inveighing against the popish tendencies of Neile and Laud. He then conducted aggressive warfare against Episcopal practices from his pulpit, in St Mathews church on Friday street. His writings earned him a few short sojourns in the Fleet, but he was always released, until 1636, when he was imprisoned, tried for sedition, striped of his ministry and degrees, sentenced to the pillory, where he had his ears cropped. On his release, by order of Parliament in 1640, he was restored to his ministry, where, as Marsden put it “it was not in the power of malice to desire, or of ingenuity to suggest, a weekly spectacle so hurtful to the Royal cause as that of Burton preaching without his ears.”

A fine copy of this rare work. 

ESTC S106960. STC 4137.3. Not in Lowndes or Allison and Rodgers. 

L2992

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ALBUMASAR [ABŪ MAʻSHAR]

MANUAL FOR ASTROLOGERS

Flores astrologiae.

Venice, Johannes Baptista Sessa, [about 1503]

£7,500

4to. 20 unnumbered ll., a-e4. Large Gothic letter. Printer’s woodcut device to t-p and last, 79 ¼-page or smaller woodcuts of astrological diagrams, zodiac and personified planets, decorated initials. Marginal foxing in places. A very good, well-margined copy in early vellum, recased, label of Helmut N. Friedländer to front pastedown.

Very good, wide-margined copy of the third edition of this important and handsomely illustrated astrological work. Albumasar (or Abū Maʻshar, 787-886) was a Persian philosopher and astrologer at the Abbasid court in Baghdad. His reputation in the Islamic world grew thanks to his introductory manuals for astrologers like ‘Kitāb al-nukat’, first translated into Latin in the C12 and first printed as ‘Flores astrologiae’ in Venice and Augsburg in 1488. Albumasar’s eclectic theories were influenced by Aristotelianism as understood not through translations from the Greek but through the mediation of the Sabei of Harran (Bezza I, 96), an obscure religious sect inspired by Judaism and Hermeticism. Addressing the reader with a very informal ‘you’, ‘Flores astrologiae’ teaches how to calculate the horoscope of a year, month or day starting from the position of the sun, moon and planets at the beginning of the timespan under scrutiny. The influence of each planet in different zodiac signs is explained at length, whether they might bring prosperity or paucity, war or peace, plague, earthquakes or floods. Albumasar also lists the fixed stars to be used to calculate horoscopes of people and events. The handsome woodcuts functioned as learning aids; for instance, the zodiac signs are repeated to remark on combinations of signs and planets. In medieval Europe, whether in ms. or print, his influential works were considered eminent instances of the judicial astronomy condemned by the Church (Cantamessa I, 142). A remarkably fresh witness to the fundamental importance of astrology in the culture of medieval and early modern Europe.

ISTC ia00358000; Catamessa I, 142; Caillet I, 155; Wellcome I, 152 (1488 ed.); Durling 20; Houzeau-Lancaster I/1, 3819. Not in Osler or Duveen.

L3086

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SPEIDELL, John

A geometricall extraction, or a compendious collection of the chiefe and choyse problemes,

London, Edward Allde for the author, 1617

£2,400

4to. pp. [viii], 126, [ii]. A–R4. [without A1, blank but for signature] Roman letter, some Italic. Small woodcut on title, floriated woodcut initials, grotesque head and tail-pieces, innumerable woodcut mathematical figures in text, Erwin Tomash label on pastedown. Light age yellowing, rare marginal thumb mark or mark. A very good copy, crisp on thick paper, in late C19th three quarter calf over marbled boards, spine with raised bands, tan morocco label gilt, joints a little worn. 

Rare second issue of the first edition of this didactic geometry, with the same typesetting as the 1616 edition, but without the ruled borders on the right and bottom edges of each page. Little is known of John Speidell’s early years including any record of a university affiliation. He is first noticed as a professional teacher of applied mathematics in London, where he advertised himself as teaching mathematics and the use of instruments in English, French, Latin, or Dutch. He is known to have attended Henry Briggs’ lectures on logarithms at Gresham College, and this very probably accounts for his early work on the construction of a table of logarithms with base e. This work lists geometrical problems and their solution. They range from the simple bisection of a line to very complex geometrical situations that might arise in surveying. Mathematically, he is remembered for publishing the first tables of natural logarithms, New Logarithmes, in 1619 and 1622. Speidell published A Geometricall Extraction in 1616 and 1617, and An Arithmeticall Extraction in 1628. Both were advertised as problem sets for mathematical instruction.

The work is dedicated to John Egerton, Lord high Chancellor of England. In the dedication Speidell remarks that the work is “partly collected out of others and partly of my owne, and performed by a more speedy way then by any former writer.” He states in the  epistle to the reader that he has, for the last ten years, been teaching “many Gentlemen and others (in Arithmeticke, Geometrie, Astronomy..) .. and not having found this part which I present to thy view, (consisting of the best, choyse, and most artificiall Problems..” The work presents one hundred and thirty geometrical problems and their solutions as a practical guide to geometry. 

ESTC S117756. STC 23062. Tomash & Williams S171.

L3020

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[COUNCIL OF FINANCE]

EXCHANGE RATES ILLUSTRATED

Carte ou liste contenant le prix de chacun marcq, once, estrelin & as, poids de Troyes, de toutes les especes d’or & d’argent deffendues,

Antwerpen, Verdussen, Hieronymus I, 1627

£1,950

FIRST EDITION. 4to. ff. [144]. Roman letter. Large woodcut of Spanish Royal  arms on title, innumerable woodcuts of coins presented recto and verso, ‘no. 3064 de mon catalogue’ in Cl8th hand on first fly. Some browning, a little heavier in places, fore-edge and lower outer corner of t-p. a little chipped. A good copy in early C18th French speckled calf, spine with gilt ruled raised bands, single gilt ruled in compartments richly gilt with large pomegranate tool at centres red morocco label gilt, a.e.r. corners worn. 

Rare first edition of this work issued after the meeting of the Spanish Council of Finance in March 1627 in an attempt by Phillip IV to regulate and control the exchange of currency across his empire. It is an official publication giving the set rates of exchange in the Spanish Netherlands for a vast number of foreign coins, all of which are illustrated. Philip IV of Spain had, from the beginning of his reign, clear intentions to try to control the Spanish currency, which had become increasingly unstable during the reign of his father and grandfather, but in practice, inflation soared. Partly this was because in 1627 Olivares the King’s favourite had attempted to deal with the problem of Philip’s Genoese bankers, who had proved uncooperative in recent years, by declaring a state bankruptcy. With the Genoese debt now removed, Olivares hoped to turn to indigenous bankers for renewed funds. Spain imported vast amounts of goods yet exported little. Her balance of trade deficit was large and had to be made good by the bringing in of more bullion. The fact that bullion imports were shrinking greatly hampered Spain. The fall in silver imports lead to the government minting copper coinage called vellon. 1599 to 1620 saw two decades of vellon production. This had a two-fold effect. First, it increased inflation. Secondly, it created a crisis in confidence. No-one valued the new coinage. Ironically, the copper to produce the vellon came from protestant Sweden, was purchased in Amsterdam and paid for with silver. In practice, the plan was a disaster. The Spanish treasure fleet of 1628 was captured by the Dutch, and Spain’s ability to borrow and transfer money across Europe declined sharply.

The work establishes the “pris & valeur intrinsecque” of the currencies of Europe at the time and their exchange rates. It illustrates a vast repertory of coins including those of the Castille, Aragon, Portugal, Milan, Florence, Rome, Mantua, Savoie, Austria, Tyrol, Hungary, Bohemia, Poland, Denmark France etc. It also includes old coinage and as such provides an almost encyclopaedic overview of European coins at the beginning of the seventeenth century in Europe. Such a practical work would have been used to death by money lenders and copies of this work in reasonable condition are hard to come by. 

USTC 1003830. cf. Kress 378 (Dutch version, dating from 1621)

L2960

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BELLARMINO, Roberto.

A FAMOUS ARABIST’S COPY

Dichiaratione più copiosa della dottrina Christiana […] tradotta di lingua italiana in Arabica.

Rome, nella Stamparia della stessa Sacr. Congr., 1627.

£2,850

FIRST EDITION thus. 8vo. pp. 299 (ix). Arabic letter, little Roman. Intermittent age browning, varying degrees of foxing throughout, small paper flaw to lower outer corner of C1-2, small oil stain to upper outer corner of E5-8 and a bit larger to outer margin of K5-8 and gathering R. A good copy in contemporary vellum, title inked to spine, outer and upper margin of lower cover chewed, few later red annotations to lower cover, spine cracked, ancient paper label at head. Contemporary inscription ‘Concessa ad usu[m] fr[atr]is Bartholomei di Pectorano Ref[erent]is(?)S[anc]ti Bernardini’ inked to lower blank margin of t-p. 

A good copy of illustrious provenance of the first edition of this very important Arabic translation of the Catholic Catechism written in 1597 by the Jesuit Cardinal Roberto Bellarmino (1542-1621). Among the most influential figures of the Counter-Reformation, and later canonised, Bellarmino taught theology at the Collegium Romanum. As Inquisitor, he was involved in the trials of Giordano Bruno and Galileo. ‘Catechism’ provided a clear overview in dialogue form of the fundamental tenets of Catholicism (this edition reflecting the official shorter version with a focus on the Commandments and Sacraments), becoming an essential instrument for evangelisation for missionaries overseas. These familiar texts were also much used in teaching unfamiliar and exotic languages to those preparing for missions outside the Christian world. It was translated into 50 languages, including Congolese and Valachian, an activity boosted by the establishment in 1626 of the printing press of the Congregation of the Propaganda Fide, an institution which oversaw missionary activities. Its press owned movable types for major languages written in non-Roman alphabets. Behind these efforts, which highlighted the importance of the local vernacular in missionary activity, was a solid scholarly base of Roman linguists interested in African, Middle Eastern and Oriental studies. The translator of this edition, Giovanni Hesronita (Yuhanna al-Hasruni, fl. early C17), was affiliated with the Roman Collegium of the Maronites, a Syrian and Lebanese Christian church.

This copy belonged to another major Arabist—Bartolomeo de Pectorano (fl. mid-C17), a Franciscan from St Bernardinus in the province of Naples. In the 1640s, he was one of the official papal researchers and translators—together with the polymath Jesuit Athanasius Kircher—of the Lead (or Sacromonte) Books, which had just reached Rome. These were texts discovered in Granada in 1595, allegedly written at the time of Nero and containing an Arabic Gospel (‘Sobre el pergamino’, xxxv). Research into these texts which appeared to reconcile Christianity and Islam were a great challenge to Roman Orientalists (Girard, ‘Teaching and Learning Arabic’, 193). In the early 1680s, after forty years of philological study, the papal authorities rejected them as forgeries (‘Oxford Handbook of Early Modern Theology’, 491). Bartolomeo, who was initially a defender of the Lead Books, produced ms. transcriptions seeking to imitate the layout and Morisco-style handwriting; one was copied in 1644 and is now British Library, Harley 3507 (Harvey, ‘Muslims in Spain’, 385).  A copy of illustrious provenance of this tool of early modern Arabic studies.

Only Harvard copy recorded in the US.

BL STC It. C17, p. 754; Brunet I, 743-44 (other eds). Not in Adams.

P. de Valencia, Sobre el pergamino y láminas de Granada (Bern, 2006); The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern Theology, 1600-1800, ed. U.L. Lehner et al. (Oxford, 2016); L.P. Harvey, Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614 (Chicago, 2005); A. Girard, ‘Teaching and Learning Arabic in Early Modern Rome’, in The Teaching and Learning of Arabic in Early Modern Europe, ed. J. Loop et al. (Leiden, 2018), 189-212.

L3115

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ABI BAKR AL-ḤANAFI, YAHYA BIN

THE LAWS OF INHERITANCE

Kitāb Al-Farā’iḍ [Inheritance Laws in accordance with Islamic Fiqh]

[Near East, late sixteenth century]

£2,750

Arabic manuscript on paper with diagrams, 175 x 130 mm, two parts in one, 58 ff., pages unnumbered, single column, between 10 and 20 lines per page, black bookhand, text panel 155 x 105 mm, some words or letters highlighted in red, diagrams in red and black. A very good copy on soft, glossy paper, minor staining towards gutter, occasional smudging toward end of text, expanded marginal commentary in the same hand throughout the second juz’. Name of author in second juz’ of text.

Printed label with description to upper pastedown, original Makiya label attached to upper spine. Contemporary brown leather binding with envelope flap, re-backed, flap and spine replaced, front and back boards gently rubbed, upper board central mendorla blind tooled with palmette design, lower mendorla blind tooled with floral design, gold tooling to both mendorla outlines.

A commentary on Ḥanafi inheritance laws observed by some Sunni Muslims. Hanafi Islamic law is the school with the largest following. The popularity of Hanafi law is also attested by its vast geographical spread and its becoming the dominant system of rule for both the Mughal and Ottoman empires. In Islam, inheritance law, also known as mīrāth, is derived from the Qur’an and then expounded in further detail by generations of Muslim jurists.

Yaḥya al-Ḥanafi’s Kitāb Al-Farā’iḍ explores legislation such as whether the the grandfathers of deceased men ought to inherit in the stead of their father and the size of the portion of a widow’s inheritance (traditionally a quarter if she does not have children and an eighth if she does). This is an interesting elaboration of the traditional formula that all relatives with a legitimate blood relationship are entitled to inherit if there are no mitigating factors such as homicide or difference in religion. A similar, albeit earlier, commentary, dated 1192 AD and signed by Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad Ḥawfī, with the same title is held in the Bodleian Library (MS. Marsh 378, ff.2-92).

Islamic inheritance laws played an important role in in the development of algebra as a discipline by medieval Muslim mathematicians in order to solve the equations required for more numerically difficult cases. Item number 134 from the Mohamed Makiya collection.

GAL I 384 [UAM. 217 (1) with corrig. Nicoll p. 573]

L2985

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AL-IMAM AL-ḌIĀ’ AL-DĪN ABU-‘AMRU IBN-‘AISĀ AL-MARAĪ, SHEIKH AL-AJLĀL

THE LAWS OF DIVORCE

Kitāb al- staqṣa’ li-madhāhib al-‘alm al-Fiqha’ [An Investigation of the Islamic Fiqh Doctrines]

[Damascus, 793 AH/1391 AD]

£7,850

Arabic manuscript on paper, 260 x 180 mm, part seven of twenty from a much larger collective work, complete in itself, 95 ff., modern page numbering, single column, 21 lines per page, tidy black naskh with chapter headings and key words highlighted in red, text panel 190 x 140 mm, modern inspection notes for sale in red on upper front pastedown and occasional marginal annotations. A very clean copy in excellent condition with minor soiling to fore edge and thumb marks, small early wormholes, recto of first folio repaired covering final words of opening colophon. Nineteenth century brown morocco inlaid paper binding; extremities worn.

Incipit states that the manuscript is dedicated to the shuru al-alaq (conditions of divorce). The two main types of divorce in Islam are repudiation (talaq) and mutual divorce (khul’) – the former is initiated by the husband whilst the latter by the wife. In Islam, certain criteria must be filled before a divorce can be permitted, such as attempts to reconcile and evidence that both parties have considered the matter for some time and are not over hasty in making this decision.

The parent work, and all its component parts, is extremely rare and seems to survive nowhere in its entirety. Three other parts of the same parent work as the present part are held in al-Azhar University Library, Cairo. Although little is known about the author, he is listed in Dar al-‘Ilm lil-Malayīn’s Bibliographical Dictionary, Al-A‘lām (vol. IV, p. 212).

As the cradle of Islam, Damascus is where the Umayyads – the second dynasty of hereditary rule after the death of the Prophet Muhammed, often remembered for their remarkable military prowess and patronage of many early Islamic monuments – set up the first Islamic caliphate. It remained a lively hub of intellectual activity beyond the late fourteenth century when this manuscript was composed. Michael Chamberlain writes in ‘Knowledge and Social Practice in Medieval Damascus 1190-1450’ (1994) about the distinctive scholarly rigour of medieval Syrian institutions for Islamic learning (madrasahs) where this manuscript was likely produced. 1391 AD was a particularly vital year for scholars of Islamic law with the important contemporary Hanafi jurist (chief-qāī) Abu’l Walīd Muammad b. Kamāl al-Dīn Muammad b. Muammad b. Mamūd b. al-Shina Zayn al-Dīn al-alabī captured by the first Mamluk sultan, Barquq, and sent to Cairo before being welcomed back to Syria upon his release.

From the library of a British collector since the 1970s.

GAL II 182

L2986

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AHMED IBN AHMED IBN ‘ABD AL-LATĪF AL SHARJI AL-ZUBAYDI, SHIHAB AL-DĪN

MAGIC SQUARES AND DIVINATION

Kitāb Al Fawayīd wa al-Ṣilāt Wa al-‘Awāyid [On Magic and Talismans]

[Sana’a, Yemen, AH 969/1562]

£26,500

Arabic manuscript on paper, 100 ff. of text, two free end papers, pages numbered, each with 25 lines of black naskh script, text panel 157 x 100 mm, titles and some words picked out in red, some phrases underlined in red, text within red frame, including numerous arithmetical tables and some diagrams, later notes to the end papers, colophon signed ‘Abd al-Raḥīm al-Zubaydi in Sana’a in modern Yemen in Shawwal AH 969 (June-July 1562 AD) and dated, repair without loss, at least three different hands of marginal annotations.

Contemporary, polished natural high quality morocco with central stamped medallion, an excellent copy with minor damp staining and marginal finger-soiling.

Kitāb Al Fawayīd wa al-ilāt Wa al-‘Awāyid is a treatise outlining the various principles of numerology in Islam where charts and numbers are used for divination or to bring barākā (blessings). Most of the illustrations in this manuscript are of the Islamic talismanic design known as wafq – ‘magic squares’ (see Maddison, F., and Savage-Smith E., ‘Science, Tools & Magic in the Khalili Collection of Islamic Art’, Oxford; Oxford University Press, 1997 or Savage-Smith, E., ‘Magic and divination in early Islam’, Aldershot; Ashgate Variorum, 2004). A magic square is arranged to produce a constant sum in all rows and columns and were most commonly depicted on amulets or manuscripts. The wafq is sometimes described as ‘recreational mathematics’ because of the sophisticated mathematical principles they illustrate. Jacques Sesiano in the article ‘Magic squares in Islamic Mathematics’ has argued that magic squares in Medieval Islam were developed from chess which was hugely popular in the Middle East. Sesiano has also observed how there are references to the use of magic squares in astrological calculations. Magic squares are, generally, magic by association (because of the carefully arranged sums), physical proximity and in their supposed capacity to foretell future outcomes.Rare.

From the collection of Adrienne Minassian; formerly at Brown University.

K136

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DU MOULIN, Pierre

The anatomy of Arminianisme: … concerning the doctrine of prouidence, of predestination, of the death of Christ, of nature and grace. .

London, T[homas] S[nodham] for Nathaniel Newbery, 1620.

£5,950

FIRST EDITION thus. 4to. pp. [xviii], 368, 399-442, 441-504: [par.]² A⁸(-A8) B-Gg⁸ Hh⁴ Ii². “This variant lacks Newbery’s name on [par.]2v.” ESTC. Roman letter, some Italic. Small woodcut ornament on title, floriated and grotesque woodcut initials, woodcut headpieces, early price mark at head of first fly,  later shelf mark at head of pastedown, bookplate of Robert S. Pirie on fly with his pencil note “from the Lord Tollemache sale 1965” on pastedown. Light age yellowing, original paper flaw in K8 just affecting a few letters, very rare marginal spot. A fine copy, in very handsome contemporary calf, covers bordered with double blind and single gilt rule, large arms of William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset (1588 – 1660) with motto “Foy pour Devoir” gilt stamped at centres, spine double gilt ruled in compartments, substantial remains of green silk ties, all edges sprinkled red. 

A beautiful copy of the first edition of this important controversial work on Arminianism by Du Moulin in a fine contemporary armorial binding. “Du Moulin, alumnus of the Academy of Sweden, eminent Huguenot clergyman, recognised as a philosopher and noted as a polemicist, was one of the Gallican theologians who would have served as a delegate to the Synod of Dort had not a Royal edict forbidden the attendance of the French delegation. As a friend to the great Leiden theologian Franciscus Junius and a member of the faculty of philosophy at Leiden from 1592 to 1596, Du Moulin retained close connections with orthodox Reformed theologians in the Netherlands and had begun to write a treatise against Arminianism and appears to have sent a manuscript version to Synod of Dort  After the Synod had completed its work and published its decisions, Du Moulin was one of the French pastors and theologians most influential in seeing to the acceptance of the Canons of Dort by the synods of the French Church – and as part of his work to further the cause of Dort and to end what he took to be the Arminian threat to French Reformed theology, he published the Anatome Arminianismi, or Anatomy of Arminianism, at the time of the conclusion of the Synod of Dort and prior to the French Synod’s examination and ratification of the canons.”

“Pierre Du Moulin was the leading intellectual in the French Reformed Church in the early seventeenth century. His influence within French Protestantism rivalled and complemented that of Philippe Duplessis-Mornay, the prominent nobleman, soldier, and adviser to Henry of Navarre, the Huguenot leader who became Henry IV of France. If Duplessis-Mornay was, as he is sometimes called, the ‘Huguenot Pope’, Du Moulin, the pastor of the congregation of Protestants in Paris, was the chief cardinal. A prolific writer and a skilful speaker, Du Moulin became noted for his success as a polemicist. Yet during a period of five years, 1613–18, Du Moulin was also the chief spokesman for a plan which would unite the English, Calvinist, and Lutheran Churches. The rather startling final point of the plan called for the reunited Protestants to make a fresh approach to Rome.” W. B. Patterson. ‘Pierre du Moulin’s Quest for Protestant Unity, 1613-18.’

From the library of William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset (1588 – 1660). Seymour was secretly married at Greenwich on 22 June 1610 to Arbella Stuart (d.1615), daughter of Charles Stuart. Arbella was thirteen years his senior, and King James I disapproved of the marriage as the union of two potential Tudor pretenders to the throne, who were respectively fourth and sixth in line, could only be seen as a threat to the ruling dynasty. As a result, William was condemned to life imprisonment in the Tower of London. In June 1611 Seymour escaped from the Tower, planning to meet up with Arbella, who also had escaped captivity. They were to flee to the Continent, but bad weather and other circumstances prevented their meeting, and Arbella was recaptured and placed back in the Tower. William however managed to reach safety abroad at Ostend, but was never reunited with Arbella who remained in the Tower until her death in 1615. “He made his peace with the king and returned to England, 10 Feb 1615–16. So complete was his restoration to favour that when the Prince of Wales was created K.B., 3 Nov. 1616, the same honour was conferred upon him. ..in 1640 he was sworn of the privy council, and was created Marquis of Hertford. On 17 May 1641 he accepted the post of governor to the Prince of Wales, with whom he joined the king at York in April 1642.” DNB. 

STC 7308 ESTC S110983. 

L2213

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