ZAPPULLO, Michele. Historie di quattro principali citta del mondo, Gerusalemme, Roma, Napoli e Venetia…. Aggiuntoui vn compendio dell’istorie dell’Indie
Venice, appresso Giorgio Greco, 1603.
4to. pp. (xvi), 449 (i.e.439) (i).Italic letter. Woodcut printer’s device on title, floriated woodcut initials woodcut and typographical headpieces, small woodcut astrological diagrams with several astrological tables, early monogram G.N.P. in blank margin of title price? 3.10 below. Light age yellowing, some very light browning in places, tiny tear in outer blank margin of title. A very good, clean copy in contemporary vellum over boards, all edges speckled red.
Excellent edition of Zappullo’s description of the four principal cities of the world appended with a long and important description of the New World. “The first edition of a turn of the century, Counter -Reformation history of the three principal cities in the world – Jerusalem Rome and Naples, published in Naples in 1598 by Michele Zappullo, brings together Naples classical inheritance and the common view of successive epochs. Zappullo recounts world history as a succession of ages in the light of God’s intervention into human affairs. According to Zappullo, whereas Jerusalem was sacred to the Jews, .. Rome was the seat of the gentile …. Naples on the other hand proved to be the first city of Europe converted to Christianity and the refuge of Christianity during the persecution of the primitive church, and since then has remained steadfast in its ancient faith. … And with the passing of 1600 without an end to the world, Zappullo’s subsequent editions were able to expand his argument to the spread of Christianity to the Venetians and to the people of the New World.” John A. Marino ‘Becoming Neapolitan: Citizen Culture in Baroque Naples’. Zappullo added the city of Venice and his description of the Indies to the second and subsequent editions; Venice due to its long history not subject to its enemies and the Indies as the hope and fulfillment of the spread of God’s word to all of mankind. The substantial account of the New World, pages 341-422, deal primarily with Central and South America, but also mentions Canada, Labrador, and the St. Lawrence River, and even Japan and India. There is a chapter on astronomy at the end. “Michele Zappullo, mourned the long reign of the Devil in the New World, with the consequent loss of millions of souls. Zappullo charged the Indians, both men and women, with being cruel, bestial, treacherous, senseless, ignorant, inconstant and thievish; ..He offered graphic depictions of the various Aztec modes of human sacrifice, but did not indicate that these practices were limited to Mexico. Zappullo claimed that sodomy was so common among the Indians that men married other men, with the one who played the part of wife performing all the tasks usually assigned to women. In close imitation of Gomara, Zapullo scornfully depicted the poverty of Indian life. The Indians lacked all things necessary for human comfort, such as wheat, wine and the olive: mills, beasts of burden and iron. They had no weights, measures or numbers; no music or letters; indeed, none of the liberal arts.” Benjamin Keen ‘The Aztec Image in Western Thought’. A very good copy of this most interesting work.
BM STC It. C17th. p. 976. Alden 603/122. Sabin 106254. JFB Z3. Houzeau and Lancaster 12748. (1609 edn. only)