BACON, Francis

Sermones fideles ethici, politici economici.

Leiden, Francis Hack, 1644.


12mo. (iv) 5-404, (iv). Roman and italic letter, head- and tail-pieces, engraved title page depicting Bacon addressing three men. Age yellowing, title page a bit dusty, in contemporary C18 calf, ornately gilt with panels and floral design, spine gilt in six compartments with raised bands, label missing, neat repair to head of spine, C19 bookplate to pastedown, marbled endpapers.

Gibson 52(b).


BACON, Francis

The Essayes or, Counsels, Civill and Morall with A Table of the Colours, or Apparances of Good and Evill, and their Degrees, as places of Perswasion, and Disswasion, and their severall Fallaxes, and the Elenches of them.

London, John Beale, 1639.


4to. pp. (vi) 340, (xlii). Roman and italic letter, woodcut initials, head-and tail-pieces, title page within border of typographical ornaments. C18 manuscript ex libris “M. Newton” to title page, “M Warton” crossed out. Age browning, otherwise a good, well-margined copy in modern full calf, gilt spine, all edges red.

Gibson 17.


BACON, Francis

Operum Moralium et Civilium.

London, Edward Griffin, D. Pauli and Richard Whitaker, 1638.


FIRST EDITION, first issue. Folio, pp. (xiv) 148, (iv) 153-263, (vii) 271-324, (x) 335-349, (iii) 353-386, (xvi) 1-475. Roman and italic letter, head- and tail-pieces, woodcut initials, engraved author portrait. C 1800 bookplate of Richard Benyon on pastedown, C17 manuscript ex dono “Societae: Mercator: Ad vent: Hamburg:” on free endpaper. Light age yellowing, margins occasionally browned. A nice copy, clean and well margined in in contemporary calf, re-backed, with title gilt, all edges red.

“In a former edition of the work the Libri duo Instaurationis Magnae was not included: but later unsold quires of the first edition of the Novum Organum, 1620 were appended to the book, and a new general title page was issued, in which the addition was recorded.” In this copy the title page includes the Novum Organum, but it has not been added to the work.

Gibson 197.


BACON, Francis

Operum Moralium et Civilium.

London, Edward Griffin, 1638.


FIRST EDITION, first issue. Folio, (xvi), (iv), 153-263, (ix), 271-324, (x), 335-349, (iii), 353-386, (xvi), 1-475. Roman and Italic letter, head and tail pieces, woodcut initials, portrait mounted on preliminary blank. Light browning, a good well margined copy, contemporary calf, spine remounted, later eps.

Gibson 196.



Summa super titulis Decretalium

Venice, De Blavis, 1490.


Large folio, 356 leaves, a-z8, 7-&-48, A-R8, S-T6. Gothic letter, double column; a few leaves slightly age yellowed; light marginal water stain to f. kviii, two small (wine?) splashes to f. yvii, clean nick to lower margin of yviii. A good, unwashed copy with wide outer and lower margins in seventeenth-century red morocco, richly gilt with decorative border and large central crowned coat of arms; a. e. mottled; on front pastedown, modern bookplate of the Portuguese collector, Count Hercules de Silva; occasional contemporary marking, notabilia and one manicula; seventeenth-century foliation throughout and collation on verso of last.

Early uncommon edition of a very successful and extremely detailed legal commentary on the Decretals, updated for ‘modern’ use and first printed in Rome in 1473. It is divided by subject matter into sections, which are identified both by sub-headings and running titles. Enrico Segusio (c. 1200-1271) was named after his hometown close to Turin, Susa. Also known as Hostiensis, he was the most prominent jurist of his time. He taught in Bologna and Paris, served Henry VIII of England as ambassador to the pope and was appointed archbishop of Embrun. At the end of his brilliant career, he was made Cardinal of Ostia and Velletri. He is mentioned by Dante in his Comedia (Paradise, XII, 82-85). This work on Roman and canon law was so successful that it was often referred to as Summa aurea, remaining for centuries an invaluable legal tool.

The splendid armorial binding of this copy suggests the property of a wealthy seventeenth-century marquis (from the crown) almost certainly a member of the Spanish nobility, which included at the time also Southern Italian families. The work would have been particularly important to a public figure with administrative and judicial responsibilities, such as a viceroy. The armorial bindings, neither halved nor quartered, suggest such an appointment. A fine copy of a handsome and very substantial book.

Uncommon. Only three copies recorded in the US (Columbia, Huntington and Baltimore).

ISTC ih00047000; BMC STC, V, 319; GW, 12236; Goff, H-47; Hain, 8965.


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LURBE, Gabriel de

Anciens et nouveaux statuts de la ville et cité de Bourdeaus. Esquels sont contenues les ordonnances requises pour la police de ladicte ville, & de tous les estats & maistrises d’icelle. Avec un indice des principales matieres

Bordeaux, Simon Millanges, imprimeur ordinaire du Roy, 1612.


4to. pp. (viii) 342 (i.e. 336). ( )4, A-Z4, Z4, Aa-Ss4. Roman letter some Italic. Title within typographical border, printer’s device finely engraved on title, woodcut initials typographical ornaments, interesting occasional marginalia in an early hand. Age yellowing, a little spotted on a few quires, upper margin cut a little close just shaving running headlines on a few leaves. A very good copy in speckled calf c. 1900, spine with gilt ruled raised bands, double gilt ruled in compartments, fleurons gilt, red morocco label gilt.

Very rare, excellent second edition in French, finely printed by Simon Millanges (Montaigne’s printer), of this important description of the history of the statutes of the town of Bordeaux by the historian Gabriel de Lurbe, a native of Bordeaux who published several works on the subject. The first edition was published in Latin in 1589 and then translated and expanded by the author and published in 1594. The work offers a fascinating insight into the every day life of the town as the statutes concern the regulation of its every aspect from the duties of the police and the Judiciary to fishmongers selling fresh fish or fishmongers selling salted fish (as a port town the trade in salt fish for the fleet was important). Naturally many of these statutes concern wine and give a very vivid description of the business with eleven chapters devoted to every aspect of the wine trade from the manufacture of barrels to the prohibition of the purchase of wines from areas outside Bordeaux, such as Armagnac. There is a specific regulation concerning the (very lucrative) trade with the English in wine which prohibits anyone taking an Englishman to buy wine from anyone other than the ‘bourgeois’ of the town, and forbids English merchants from seeking to buy wine directly ‘sur les champs’ unless with express permission from the relevant authorities.

There are specific statutes concerning the labelling of wine, wine to be drunk in taverns, wines that are forbidden to be brought into the town, at what times wine from specific regions inland (such as the Gaillac) can be brought in town, the use of barrels, regulation of wine merchants, the growing of vines etc. These statutes are especially interesting as they clearly show the protection given to local merchants in their quasi monopoly on the wine trade and demonstrate the particular importance of this trade with the English market. Many also concern food such as butchers, the regulation of the trade in flour, fishmongers etc. Amusingly, the first line of the statute regulating ‘des tondeurs’ or hair cutters states that it is strictly forbidden to cut the hair or wash the sheets of an Englishman if his ship was berthed within twenty leagues of the town. There are also particularly interesting statutes concerning the book trade and paper and parchment makers. A rare work, that gives fascinating insight into a town that was intimately linked, through its trade in wine, with the English.

Brunet III 1238. Not in Simon Bibl. Bacchia or Oberlé les fastes de Comus et Bachus.


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Modus tenendi unum Hundredum sive Curiam de Recordo

London, William Myddleton, 1547.


8vo. 14 unnumbered leaves. A8 B6 lacking final blanks. Black letter, attractive title with Royal arms between white on black woodcut borders; upper foliage with Puck (?); lower foliage with man fighting a dragon, another similar to upper on verso of last, large white on black initial. C.19 library stamp on blank verso of title and blank outer margin of last, a very good crisp copy in C19 panelled calf by Harley of London, a.e.r.

In the Middle Ages the Hundred was a subdivision of a county chiefly important for its local court of justice. It had jurisdiction for trespass, covenant and debt if less than forty shillings and in these civil cases the freeholders of the hundred acted as judges. At the twice yearly full court where the criminal business was transacted the Sheriff or Lord of the hundred was sole judge. These arrangements are credited to Alfred by William of Malmesbury but may well have existed earlier. Certainly from Alfred’s time until the C.16 the hundred court was the most important place of redress for the common people. However, the monetary value of its jurisdiction was not enlarged and due to the rampant inflation caused by overspending Tudor governments its practical importance declined rapidly in the later C16, though it lingered on until the legal reforms of the Victorians.

It is significant that this is the last edition of the standard and probably only work on hundred Court procedure; its obsolescence precluded reprinting. The text is in Norman-French notwithstanding the Latin title. Although it ran through a number of editions from the 1520’s onwards, all are now rare, many known only by a single copy. Myddleton succeeded Redman in his house by St. Dunstan’s after his widow’s remarriage and like Redman produced a significant number of legal texts, of which this is one of the rarest.

STC 7734a (2 copies in Britain; Harvard, Library of Congress and University of Minnesota in the US). Beale T 216. Ames III 1689.


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Diverse imprese tratte di gli emblemi.

Lyon, Guillaume Rouillé, 1551.


8vo., pp. 191, (1). Italic letter, little Roman; title and printer’s device within rich architectural woodcut border, couple of historiated initials; 180 high-quality woodcut illustrations, including eleven trees; every page but one within an ornamental, all’antica, architectural or grotesque border, all different; occasionally light browning, very light damp stain at head of some leaves, few leaves slightly foxed; small marginal tear to p. 99, just affecting border. A good copy in contemporary limp vellum; yapped edge, contemporary manuscript title and monogram ‘WE’ to spine; rear cover a bit stained, lacking ties; on title, contemporary ex libris ‘di Giulio de Nobili’ and shelf mark ‘n. 491’ in his hand; A.H. Bright’s bookplate to front pastedown.

Second edition of the Italian translation of a Renaissance masterpiece, the collection of emblems by Andrea Alciato. Alciato (1492 – 1550) was a prominent humanist and professor of law from Milan. His historical and philological investigation of Roman law was crucial for the revival of ancient sources in juridical studies, influencing in particular the sixteenth-century French school. His Emblemata, first published in 1531, attained incredible and long-lasting success throughout Europe, with many vernacular translations and hundreds of editions over more than four centuries.

The work consists of a collection of allegorical depictions with explanatory concise Latin verses disclosing a moral teaching. While emblems had been created in the Middle Ages, the use of classical mythology as the main literary and iconographic reference was an original and distinctive contribution by Alciato. The Emblemata were so successful and influential that they truly marked the rise of a new literary genre. This Italian translation of the work was undertaken for the sake of people ignorant of Latin and dedicated to the Venetian Doge Francesco Donà. Accomplished by Jean Marqual – a French bookseller active in Venice and closely connected to Gabriele Golito, it was curiously printed for the first time in Lyon, in a joint edition by Rouillé and Macé Bonhomme in 1549. Its beautiful woodcuts are the same as those in the princeps. Many of them bear at the bottom the initials ‘P.V.,’ regarded nowadays as the signature of the Parisian engraver Pierre Vase, otherwise known as Eskrich. Eskrich was a key collaborator of Rouillé and a very skilled artist, able to replicate the style of his illustrious colleague Bernard Salomon.

Giulio de Nobili (1537 – 1612), former owner of this book, was a learned Florentine patrician. Following his studies at the University of Pisa, he became senator and member of the order of St. Stephen. He wrote for his son Pierantonio an unpublished moral treatise in Italian, warning him against the vices and troubles of adult life. ‘The Galateo’ by Giovanni Della Casa is clearly De Nobili’s main source, but it is very likely that he took advantage of the educational mottos and examples provided by this translation of Alciato’s ‘Emblemata.’

Green’s collation copy. Graesse, I, p. 63: ‘Édition tres rare.’

BM STC It., 16; Adams A 599; Brunet, I, 149; Graesse, I, 63; Green, 50; Landwehr, 55.


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Sanctum Provinciale Concilium Mexici.

México, Juan Ruiz, 1622.


FIRST EDITION. Folio, ff. (6), 102, (1), 38, (1), missing final blank. Neat Roman letter; title with full-page engraved architectural border (outer edges frayed), secondary title within large woodcut frame, large decorated initials and elaborate hand- and tail-pieces in Spanish colonial style; light mostly marginal foxing to few leaves, light damp stain to lower gutter and foot of last gathering. A very good copy in contemporary limp vellum; a bit stained, reglued long since, spine holed; early shelf mark to front cover; unusual early monogram ‘AE LC OC’ branded on upper and lower edges; small “MM” ink stamps on verso of title and f. 52r; eighteenth-century handwritten monogram [RHPB?] at foot of first five leaves, the same hand annotating in Spanish in margins of gathering Hh and Kk; earlier extensive marginal annotations in Latin on first two leaves.

Extremely rare first edition of the decrees issued by the third Mexican Council of 1585 and approved by the papacy four years later. Gathered by the Viceroy and Archbishop Pedro Moya de Contreras, this highly influential assembly brought the decrees of the Council of Trent into the religious and social life of the New World, drawing up a legislation in use until the early twentieth century. Bishops attending the Council focused mainly on doctrine, the internal organization of the Mexican province, missionary activities and the rights of local people.

Their decisions were first recorded in Spanish and later translated into Latin, so as to be confirmed by the pope. Yet, the Roman cardinals’ committee in charge of approval rewrote a large part of the decrees, strictly sticking to those of the Tridentine Council. As a result, the final official text came out only in 1622. The printed marginalia of the volume refers constantly to the sources of the Mexican decrees. Along with canon law and papal bulls, they comprise the deliberations of the Council of Trent, of the five Synods held in Milan under Carlo Borromeo, as well as assemblies of the American and Spanish Church in Lima, Quiroga, Guadix and Granada. The final part of the book, and perhaps the most important, is devoted to the statutes of the recently-established Mexican Church.

The beautiful engraving of the title shows the personification of Faith and Church in a classical architectural frame. It is signed at the bottom by the Dutch artist Samuel Stradanus. Stradanus worked in New Spain from about 1604. His most prominent patron was the promoter of this belated first edition, Archbishop Juan Pérez de la Serna (1573-1627), whose arms appear at the head of the title.

Graesse, II, 245; Medina, México 343; Palau, 293978; Sabin, 48373. Not in JFB or Alden.


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Brocardica sive generalia juris.

Basel, Kaspar Herwagen per Eusebium Episcopium, et Nicolai Episcopii haeredes, August 1567.


8vo. pp. [xx], 864, [lxxxiv]. Roman letter with some Italic. Small woodcut printers device on verso of last, floriated and white on black initials, “Caspar Heuchelin” in a near contemporary hand on t-p, ‘A f Ruhler’ in a later hand above “W Ashburner Firenze” 1907 in pencil above that, with his stamp on verso of penultimate leaf, rare marginal notes in an early hand. Light age yellowing, occasional marginal spot or mark, autograph cut from margin of t-p, repair affecting a few words of privilege on verso. A very good, clean copy in a finely worked binding by Caspar Krafft the Younger of contemporary blindstamped pigskin over boards, covers triple blind ruled to a panel design, outer and middle panels with small heads in medallion rolls, central blindstamped panels of the figures of Justice, on upper cover, and Lucretia on lower, (dated 1562 with the monogram C. K.), spine with blind ruled raised bands, all edges blue (faded)

Rare edition of this popular legal handbook by Portius Azo, who taught law at Bologna early in the thirteenth century, a list of opposing legal arguments or maxims (for and against) relating to common problems in civil and canon law. ‘Brocardica’ i.e. ‘with protruding teeth’ is a term derived from the jargon of the Bologna law school meaning broadly couched legal arguments, especially pairs of conflicting arguments, for the solution of particular legal problems. Here Azo proposes arguments for and against a host of problems and gives solutions.

The work deals with many subjects but particularly in detail with monetary law. “The position established by Pillius became part and parcel of the glossators’ monetary law. This was due to the authority attaching to the name of Azo, to whom a brocard is attributed in the Brocardia sive generalia iuris. This work was published under Azo’s name, and may be traced, at least for the greater part, to Otto Papiniensis, and dated to the end of the twelfth century. … The brocard starts with the juxtaposition of two opposing statements, each accompanied by a host of references, mostly to the texts of the Digest and Code but also to brocards within the same volume. .. Azo’s brocard was to feature as the controlling formula for the coming centuries. From 1250 onwards we find Azo’s doctrine confirmed in the Bolognese Statutes.” John W. Cairns ‘The Creation of the Ius Commune: From Casus to Regula.’

“Early in the thirteenth century Portius Azo stood at the head of the Bolognese school of law which was accomplishing the resuscitation of the classical Roman law. He was the pupil of the celebrated Johannes Bassianus, and his fame so eclipsed all his contemporaries that in 1205 Thomas of Marlborough, afterwards Abbot of Evesham, spent six months at Bologna hearing his lectures every day. Azo was saluted as “Master of all the Masters of the laws,” and the highest praise that could be given another canonist was to declare him to be “second only to Azo.”

Savigrey says that Azo was alive as late as 1230. His chief work is a “Summa” of the first nine books of the Code, to which he added a “Summa” of the Institutes. No less than thirty-one editions appeared between 1482 and 1610; of which five are earlier than 1500. Throughout the Middle Ages these treatises were in highest repute.” Reverend Montague Summers Caspar Heuchelin, jurist and scholar (1571-1626), was the author of many treatises, most often on legal questions, many of which were published at Tübingen such as “Tres Decades Selectiorum Iuris Controversi Quaestionum’, Tubingae 1599, “Euphēmiai Ad Illustrissimi Principis, Ac Domini, Domini Augusti, Comitis Palatini” Tubingae 1599, and “Carmina gratulatoria In Laudem Et Honorem Ornatissimorum Doctissimorumque Iuvenum, DDnn Melchioris” Tubingae 1593. This contemporary binding was created in the workshop of Caspar Krafft the Younger, the well-known binder in Wittenberg, both covers are richly blindstamped with fine panels. A very good copy with most appropriate scholarly provenance.

Not in BM STC Ger. C16th, Brunet, Graesse.


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