DELEYNE, Alexandre (ed.)

Analyse de la Philosophie du Chancelier Francois Bacon.

Leiden, Les Libraires Associes, 1756.


8vo. In two volumes pp. (iv) 416 (ii), (ii) 433 (iii). Final leaf of volume II repaired at upper edge without loss, F4 margins torn, printing inserted wrong way around, both volumes lightly yellowed but well margined and good. In quarter calf C1800 marbled boards and end papers, edges speckled blue. Edited by Deleyne, second edition.


BACON, Francis

Verulamiana; or opinions on Men, Manners, Literature, Politics and Theology.

London, R. Dutton, T. Hurst, John Cawthorn, 1803.


FIRST EDITION. 8vo. pp. Engraved authorial portrait + (xxviii) 319. Roman and italic letter. Light age yellowing, a good, clean, well-margined copy in contemporary quarter-Russia marbled boards, spine gilt-ruled in six compartments.


BACON, Francis

The Essayes, or counsels, civil and moral. To which is added I. The wisdom of the ancients. II. Of the Colours of Good and Evil.

London, A. Millar, 1755.


8vo. pp. (viii) 306, (x), last blank. Roman and italic letter. Title page a bit dusty and browned at edges, light browning and age yellowing, a good, well-margined copy in contemporary calf, re-backed, spine gilt in six compartments.

Not in Gibson.


BACON, Francis

The Essays, Or Councils, Civil and Moral, with a Table of the Colours of Good and Evil. And a Discourse on the Wisdom of the Ancients.

London, J. Newton, 1696.


8vo. Roman and italic letter, black letter on title page. Title page with slight marginal tear, not affecting text, age yellowing and occasional foxing, a well-margined copy. “Isabella Perceval given to her by her Mother Feb. 1805” on fly leaf. In contemporary calf covers, re-backed.

Gibson 27a.


BACON, Francis

The Essays, Or Counsels, Civil and Moral, with a Table of the Colours of Good and Evil. Whereunto is added the Wisdom of the Ancients.

London, M. Clark for S. Mearne, 1680.


8vo. (viii) 222, (xiv) 28, (xii) 111, (iii). Roman letter, general title within double line border, separate part titles to second and third works. Old ex dono faded on leaf of first front page, good, clean copy in contemporary calf, re-backed.

Gibson 24a.


BACON, Francis

Sermones fideles ethici, politici economici.

Leiden, Francis Hack, 1644.


12mo. (iv) 5-404, (iv). Roman and italic letter, head- and tail-pieces, engraved title page depicting Bacon addressing three men. Age yellowing, title page a bit dusty, in contemporary C18 calf, ornately gilt with panels and floral design, spine gilt in six compartments with raised bands, label missing, neat repair to head of spine, C19 bookplate to pastedown, marbled endpapers.

Gibson 52(b).


PEROTTO, Niccolò




FIRST ALDINE EDITION. Folio, pp. (lx) 642. Roman letter, a little Greek. Large initial letter of text in red and blue, rubricated initials thereafter, some text underlining in red and black. Contemporary and early marginalia in several North European hands, occasionally in red, systematic to first 60 pages, one index passage extensive, intermittent throughout. Autograph of Father Labe S.J. 1698, and manuscript inscription of an anonymous Jesuit College 1728, both on recto of first. Three words in tiny hand (directions to binder?) on blank of verso last. Stubs from c. 15th rubricated manuscript on vellum, vellum paste-downs from c. 14th (?) hymnal, decorated initials in red and blue, three line musical notation. Recto of first couple of leaves a bit soiled, marginal finger marks and corner repairs to first gathering and last, water or oil splashes to edges in some places and two pages of text. A good, well-margined, thick paper copy, used but unsophisticated in elaborate blind stamped pigskin over wooden boards, double panelled within two four-line borders, elaborately patterned tooling of various flowers in overall design, strap leather replaced, original brass clasps and hasps, one corner restored.

First Aldine edition of Perottus’ monumental work on the language and literature of classical Rome, in the form of a commentary on Martial’s epigrams. It was the greatest storehouse of linguistic material of its day, and the source-book for generations of Latin writers, including Calepine for his great dictionary. In his long preface, Aldus tells the reader that he sees it as his duty to protect the treasures of literature from the ravages of time. The text is numbered by both page and line so that it can correspond exactly with the comprehensive alphabetical index, the first time this had been done and in fact the invention of a modern scholarly system of reference (see F. Geldner, Inkunabelkunde, p. 69).

The errors found in revision were all listed to help the student. This edition also contains the first use (possibly with the Discorides) of Aldus’ third and most influential Greek type inspired by Marcus Mursurus and engraved by Francesco Griffo. “A massive encyclopaedia of the classical world. Every verse, indeed every word, of Martial’s text was a hook on which Perotti hung a densely woven tissue of linguistic, historical and cultural knowledge.” B. Ogilvie ‘The Science of Describing: Natural History in Renaissance Europe.’

The best early edition of one of the most significant works on antiquity in an impressive contemporary binding.

BMC V 561. Goff P.296. IGI 7428. Renouard 19:2 “Première édition d’une grande rareté”. Brunet IV 505 “Livre fort rare”.


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SANDYS, Edwin [with] BOCCALINI, Traiano [and] D’ESTAMPES de VALENÇAY, Léonore


Relatione dello stato della religione.

Geneva, s.n., 1625.  [with]

Pietra del paragone politico.

Cormopolis [Venice], Giorgio Teler, 1615. [and]

Cardinalium archiepiscoporum episcoporum … sententia.

Paris, Antoine Estienne, 1625.


4to., three volumes in one. 1): pp. (4), 192; 2): 32 leaves; 3): FIRST EDITION: pp. 26, (2). Roman and Italic letter; printer’s device on title, some decorated initials and head-pieces in 1) and 3); tiny marginal worm trails, a few leaves aged browned, light damp stain on upper corner on first half, title of 1) a bit soiled. A little age yellowing, a good copy in contemporary vellum, title gilt on morocco label to spine; slightly rubbed and stained, chipped lower corners; seventeenth-century manuscript shelf mark on front pastedown, early manuscript price and collation notes in English on front endpaper.

An interesting collection of controversial treatises on early seventeenth-century religion and politics, two of which bear a false imprint to elude censorship. The opening work is the first and only Italian edition of an influential Stuart treatise on the situation of religion in Europe. An able politician and pioneering investor in North America, Edwin Sandys (1561-1629) completed his studies in Oxford, befriending his tutor Richard Hooker. Later, he travelled in Europe and in Venice wrote this anti-Catholic report with the help of the Venetian scholar Paolo Sarpi.

The Relation was first published in 1605 against the author’s will and then expanded until 1637. This remarkably early Italian translation is variously attributed to the pen of Sarpi or Giovanni Diodati – the famous Calvinist pastor and scholar of the Bible – and was almost certainly printed in Geneva (where a community of Italian immigrants, religionis causa, was settled). According to a recent reattribution, the translator may well have been William Bedell (1571-1642), chaplain to the English ambassador in Venice Sir Henry Wooton and later translator of the Bible into Irish. Although the peculiar printer’s device on title shows a dolphin twisting around an anchor like the famous Aldine device, the Latin motto is incorrectly ‘Festina tarde’ instead of ‘Festina lente’.

The second work is a very early edition of a mordant political parody, printed several times in the course of 1615 and later on in the century under a fictitious printing place such as ‘Cormopoli’ or ‘Cosmopoli’. This covering stratagem was necessary since the book ridiculed, alongside other European rulers, the king of Spain and the German Emperor. Traiano Boccalini (1556-1613) was a famous satirical author, whose most successful and entertaining work was Ragguagli di Parnaso. Pretending to be the official reporter of a divine parliament chaired by Apollo on Mount Parnassus, Boccalini fearlessly mocked the contemporary society and politics. The Pietra del paragone politico, published posthumously, was in fact a continuation of the Ragguagli. On leaf Bivr, one can find a witty account of Thomas More enquiring of Apollo as to the end of all heresies.

The volume ends with a booklet printed by Antoine Estienne, scion of the renowned dynasty of French printers. Written by the Bishop of Chartes, Léonore D’Estampes (1589-1651), it is a defence of the unscrupulous expansionistic policy undertaken by Cardinal Richelieu and King Louis XIII in the Thirty Years’ War, replying promptly to the pamphlet of the Jesuit scholar Jakob Keller entitled Ad Ludovicum XIII Regem admonitio. A counterfeited octavo edition with Estienne’s name and device was published by Robert Young in London also in 1625.

1) BM STC It. 17th, 816; Brunet, V, 123; Graesse, VI, 263; Melzi, Opere anonime e pseudonime, II, 425.
2) BM STC It. 17th, 118; Brunet, I, 1019; Graesse, I, 457; L. Firpo, ‘Le edizioni italiane della Pietra del paragone politico di Traiano Boccalini’, Atti della Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, LXXXVI, 1951-52, n. 17.
3) Not in Gibson, Brunet or Graesse. Renouard, 216:1.


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PUTHERBEI, Gabrielis


Theotimus, sive De tollendis & expungendis malis libris, iis praecipue, quos vix incolumi fide ac pietate plerique legere queant, Libri Tres, Multa complectentes, quae tum ad mores, tum ad religionem faciant, & lectorem oppido iuuent, cuiuscunque tandem fidei illum nacti erunt: ad Clarissimum virum Petrum Remoniu, Rotomagensis Senatus praesidem primarium

Paris, Ioannem Roigny, 1549.


8vo. pp. (xlviii), 283, (v). a⁸, e⁸, i⁸, a-s⁸. Roman and Italic letter, some Greek. Floriated woodcut initials and headpieces, “Ex bibliotheca Iacobi demonthiers supremo Parhis senati Advocati. Ex dono dicti Putherbei” in contemporary hand at foot of title page, Captain Michiels, name stamp on title, manuscript autograph dated 1749 “Medio tutissimus ibis”on rear fly, bookplate, engraved by L. Fruytiers of “I. G. M.” on pastedown with same motto, manuscript note concerning the author on fly in C18th hand, occasional manuscript underlining in red crayon. Light age yellowing, title page a little dusty and spotted. A good copy, crisp and clean in slightly later speckled calf rebacked, corners restored.

Rare first edition of this important work defending the censorship of ungodly books by the Cistercian Monk Gabriel Dupuyherbault, including biting attacks on authors, notably Rabelais, who were thought to threaten public morals. In doing so he made a bitter enemy of Rabelais who castigated him in the prefaces of later editions of his work. “Rabelais’s words concerning this particular species of Anti-Natures children were: Demoniacles Calvins, imposters de Geneve, that is ‘demoniacal Calvins, Genevan imposters.’ Rabelais’s reference to his Catholic detractor immediately follows: les enraigez Putherbs, “the crazy Putherbes” that is, Putherbius, the latin form of DuPuyherbault’s name. In five of the thirty editions the unknown editors contented themselves with simply dropping the reference to Calvin and Geneva, so that redoubled thunder fell upon the monk Gabriel DuPuyherbault: ‘the demoniacal, crazy Puytherbes’. But because these editions included no footnotes and the relation to the monk’s latin name and writings to which Rabelais had perhaps faded by the 1560’s, this slander was probably inconsequential, however unjust. (…) E Droz, in ‘Frere DuPuyherbault’ has shown that whatever DuPuyherbault’s hatred of Rabelais’s religious views and mores, he was by no means crazy but was rather a sincere and tireless proponent of Catholic monastic reforms. DuPuyherbault died in 1566” Sam Kinser ‘Rabelais’ Carnival.”

In fact DuPuyherbault was an important theologian of the Sorbonne. This  treatise, attacking heretical writings and calling for censorship of impious works, was perhaps his most famous work. Most of the authors he considers are classical but he devotes quite large sections to Rabelais. His criticisms of Rabelais did much to cement the popular image of him as a drunkard and philandering atheist. “After such simplistic good and bad judgments came the more serious disrepute of Rabelais in fashionable circles, a disrepute popularized after Rabelais’s death by persiflage in poems like Pierre Ronsard’s comic epitaph depicting the writer wallowing amid spilt wine “like a frog in mud.” Such satire reinforced the rabid attacks of Catholic controversialists like Gabriel DuPuyherbault, who depicted Rabelais as a drunkard and glutton “who does nothing everyday but sniff kitchen odors and imitate the long-tailed monkey.” Kinser, Samuel. ‘Rabelais’s Carnival’.

This copy was given by the author to Jacques de Monthiers, ’le lieutenant général” at the town of Pontois just outside of Paris.

BM STC Fr. C16th. p.145. Not in Brunet.


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AMMONIUS, Alexandrinus Hermiae

Aristotelis categorias, et librum de interpretatione

Venice, Vincentium Valgrisium, 1559.


FIRST EDITION thus. Folio, ff. (cviii). Roman letter, text in double numbered column, printer’s device on title page, historiated initials, woodcut diagrams. Minor water stain to upper margin in places, a few marginal ink smudges, slight worming to some lower margins and in upper gutter a couple of old spots at end. “1564” on head of title page. Extensive contemporary ms. ex-libris of Johannes Rolandus on verso of last. A good copy, crisp and clean, in reversed vellum, lower compartment of spine and head cap torn, worn at corners, lacking ties.

First edition of Rasario’s translation. Ammonius Hermiae (435?-517?), Greek philosopher, Hermias’ son and fellow-pupil of Proclus, taught at Alexandria, and had among his students Asclepius, John Philoponus, Damascius and Simpliciu. Ammonius founded the school of Aristotle – interpretation in Alexandria. His method of exegesis of Aristotle and Plato and his lecturing style are all that remain of his reputedly numerous writings. The commentary on Porphyry’s Isagoge may also be his, but it is somewhat corrupt and contains later interpolations. While almost all of Ammonius’ Aristotle commentaries were published by students from his lectures, the large commentary on De Interpretatione was written up by Ammonius himself for publication. These commentaries are largely dependent on the lectures of Proclus and thus indebted to Proclus’ style of Iamblichean Neoplatonism, which demonstrates the harmony of the ancient religious revelations and integrates them in the philosophical tradition of Pythagoras and Plato.

The first part discusses Porphyry’s text, the Isagoge, which is a standard introduction to Aristotle’s writings on logic, much admired by Ammonius. Next are Aristotle’s “In Categorias” and with “De Interpretatione,” they are the first of Aristotle’s treaties on logic of the Organon. It describes the ten Aristotelian categories: substance, quantity, quality, relation, place, time, attitude, having, doing and undergoing. In his commentary on De Interpretation, Ammonius adds determinist arguments to the famous ‘there will be a sea-battle tomorrow’ argument, where Aristotle debates whether every proposition about the future must be either true or false. Ultimately, all things which are going to happen happen necessarily and not by chance. At the end of his discussion, Ammonius brings together necessary and definite truths, but not clearly enough to resolve all questions about the latter. The translator, Giovanni Battista Rasario (1517-1578), an Italian doctor from the Novara province, taught Greek and rhetoric at Venice for twenty years. He translated several other Greek works to Latin including the Aristotle’s Physic.

Johannes Rolandus was probably an Austrian physician from Schweidnitz / Schlesien. In 1594 he was an itinerant doctor, remaining a short time in Mistelbach and in 1596 moving to Neustadt, with probably a practice in Vienna at the same time. His latin ex-libris warns future readers: I Johannes Bsc. (Baccalaureus Scientiae) Rolandus own this book, who doesn’t enter by the front door is a thief and a bandit.

Graesse, I, p. 106 “Il y a plusieurs éditions des traductions latines des trois différents écrits du philosophe Ammonius. (V. Hoffmann, Lex. Bib. Vol. lp. 121 et suiv.)”; Adams 998; BM STC IT, p.49, Index Aureliensis,1, p. 503.


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