ANDERTON, Lawrence

The Protestants Apologie for the Roman Church.

[St. Omer] [English College Press], 1608


FIRST EDITION thus. 4to. pp. [xxviii] 56 [iv] 57-751 [i.e. 756] [lxxii]. Roman and Italic letter. Woodcut initials, woodcut and typographical ornaments, library stamp of Milltown Park on title, (repaired at blank upper outer corner) their label and William O’Brian’s ex legato label on pastedown, occasional marginal annotation and editorial type correction in an early hand. Light age yellowing, very light browning on a few leaves, the occasional mark or spot, some upper margins a bit tight. A very good copy in fine C19th dark blue straight grained morocco, covers triple blind ruled to a panel design, stoped with gilt fleurons, outer panel with blind floral roll, inner panel gilt ruled at border with fleurons gilt to corners, spine with wide richly gilt bands, large blind fleurons in compartments, title gilt lettered, edges gilt ruled, inner dentelles gilt ruled with gilt fleurons to corners, a.e.g, extremities worn, fly detatched.

First edition thus, a much expanded version of Brerely’s 1604 ‘Apologie of the Roman Church’. Brerely was a pseudonym, and the true author is supposed to be the seminary priest Lawrence Anderton, though the text is sometimes attributed to James Anderton. It represents the beginnings of a new sort of controversial literature that aimed to refute its opponents using his, or his supporters’, own words. This work aimed to establish Catholic claims “by the testimonies of the learned Protestants themselves”. The original version proved “something of a sensation” on publication and was “frequently praised and imitated by subsequent Catholic apologists” (Milward). The work is particularly interesting for its accounts of the earlier reformation movements of Huss, Wyclif, Waldo and others and their distinction from Lutheran Protestantism, as well as its historical appeal to Englishmen that they and their kings lived and died in the Catholic faith, with numerous examples. A short but valuable bibliography of Protestant writers and their works precedes the text. The 1608 edition appears in two issues. The present copy contains both the original first issue title page, and the reprinted one with new preliminary leaves which comprises the second issue. These additional leaves form an attack on Thomas Morton who had answered the first edition.

This work was printed in small numbers at St. Omer in France by the English College for export to the English market where such works were actively suppressed. Copies in good condition are particularly rare.

STC 3605, also with title page of STC 3604.5. Milward, Religious Controversies of the Jacobean Age, 514. Lowndes I, p. 262. Allison & Rogers II, 20. Allison & Rogers. Catholic books, 133.


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CASTLEMAINE, Roger Palmer, Earl of

The Catholique apology … & D.r Du Moulins Answer to Philanax; as also D.r Stillingfleet’s last gun-powder treason sermon, his attaque about the treaty of Munster, & all matter of fact charg’d on the English Catholiques by their enemies..

[Antwerp], s.n., M. DC. LXXIV. 1674.


FIRST EDITION thus. 8vo. pp. [viii], 600. a4, A-2O8, 2P4. With slip cancel on last line of p. 597. “A catalogue of those Catholicks that died and suffered for their loyalty” (p. 574-580) printed in red. Roman and Italic letter. Floriated woodcut initials and headpieces, typographical ornaments, bookplate of Milltown Park library on pastedown, with the ex-legato label of William O’Brian below. Light age yellowing, cut a little close in places, the odd spot or mark. A good copy in late C19th percaline.

A largely expanded edition of “A reply to the answer of the Catholique apology, originally published in 1668; the work is a reply to “The late apology in behalf of the papists,” “A seasonable discourse shewing the necessity of maintaining the established religion, in opposition to popery” and “A reasonable defence of the Seasonable discourse”, all by William Lloyd. It also contains a reply to “A vindication of the sincerity of the Protestant religion in the point of obedience to sovereigns” by Peter Du Moulin and “A sermon preached November V. 1673. at St. Margarets Westminst.” by Edward Stillingfleet. Roger Palmer “in the course of a turbulent career, during which he was imprisoned in the Tower of London at least five times, .. tenaciously continued to speak out on behalf of English Catholics and to argue for religious toleration. When not engaged in polemics, he had time to invent a new type of globe, whose description, amply illustrated, was published in 1679 by Joseph Moxon, the royal hydrographer. …Castlemaine’s authorial career began in 1666 with a short treatise which later became known as “The Catholique Apology.” In its original form, it appeared anonymously under the long title “To all the Royalists that suffered for his Majesty, and to the rest of the good people of England. The humble apology of the English Catholicks.” This was an appeal for recognition of Catholic loyalty during the Civil War. It finishes with a “Bloudy Catalogue,” flamboyantly printed in red ink, of those Catholics who died in the war. Somewhat intemperate and theatrical, the pamphlet earned for Castlemaine the epithet “the Apologist.” It was answered, rebutted, and refuted several times, until in its last edition of 1674 the whole set of interchanges had swollen enormously in size from a mere 14 to 608 pages. Lord Castlemaine continued his pro-Catholic writings with The Compendium (of the Popish Plot trials, 1679) and The Earl of Castlemain’s Manifesto (1681).” Charlotte E. Erwin. “Bookish Plots.”

“The Earl of Castlemaine, one of the chief spokesmen for Catholics from 1666 to 1688, heartily agreed that persecution was counterproductive. In France, he observed, the Huguenots had never had fewer converts than when they were secure under the laws. Expressing his horror of England’s 24 penal laws for religion, he declared: ‘I abominate for my own part the very thought of blood and persecution upon a religious account’. He had good reason: under the 1585 statute, for one, a Catholic priest could be hanged and quartered as a traitor only for being a priest in England, nothing more. In the summer of 1679, eight priests were executed under this statute, one of them ninety years of age. Castlemaine urged two grounds for granting freedom of worship to religious minorities: large numbers and long continuance. First, it had been recognised by the Edict of Nantes in 1598 that when a religion had grown large in numbers, only prayers, preaching, and books might be used against it, not legal coercion. This ground would have justified giving English Puritans at least the freedom to meet in conventicles. Second, it had been recognized since the days of Constantine and Ethelbert that those following an ancient form of worship, one of long, uninterrupted continuance in the land, had a right to be tolerated by those setting up a new religion. This ground would have justified giving Catholics at least the freedom to worship privately. Ironically, although they were only one per cent of the population, Catholics of that time were denied a privilege that even the Ottoman Turks granted their co-religionists in Eastern Europe, namely, the liberty to worship in the privacy of their homes. Besides that, they were under legal penalties in England for not participating in the state-appointed worship.” Anne Barbeau Gardiner ‘Catholic Authors and Liberty of Conscience: 1649-1771’

The work includes a most interesting bibliography as it contains “A catalogue of all the authors mentioned in this treatise, with the year when, and the place where they were printed” giving a very interesting snap shot of the controversial works available to the author. Also of great interest is the “catalogue of those Catholicks that died and suffered for their loyalty” in England, printed in red at the end of the volume, which continues with a list of the “Names of such Catholiks, whose Estates (both real and Personal) were sold, in pursuance of an act made by the Rump, July 16, 1651, for their pretended Delinquency.”

ESTC R31300. Wing C1240


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Illustrium Scriptorum Religionis Societatis Iesu Catalogus

Lyon, Jo. Pillehotte, 1609.


8vo., pp. (ii) 3-303 (viii). Roman and Italic letter, woodcut headpieces and initials, beautiful woodcut title page with architectural frame device, scattered marginal manuscript annotations in two near contemporary hands, autograph at foot of title page (inked over), early C19th bookplate of Colonel S Lyn of Berkeley Square to front pastedown, some light water staining to outer margins of first three gatherings, scorch mark (affecting three or four letters) to I5, very occasional worm holes, general age yellowing. A good copy in contemporary limp vellum, slight wear on spine, title inked on spine and lower edge.

Second, enlarged edition of the first bibliography of members of the Society of Jesus, first published at Antwerp in 1608. The work is split into several parts: the first and by far the most substantial lists alphabetically all known Jesuit authors, giving a short biography and then a list of their works, both printed and manuscript. Among them is Robert Sotwell, of Suffolk, martyred 1595.

The small second part, ordered chronologically, provides biographical details of members of the Society who were martyred ‘ab Ethnicis, Mahumetanis, Haereticis, aliisque impiis’ on missions as far afield as Japan, Mexico, Florida and the Indies. Next comes an index of the writers contained in the catalogue arranged by nationality (eleven are listed under ‘Angli, Scoti, Hiberni,’ including Robert Persons and Joseph Creswell), and then a long and detailed list of works by Jesuits ordered by subject matter. Those printed at Lyon also include the printer’s name and date.

The final part of the work is a list of the provinces, colleges, houses and societies set up by the Society of Jesus, which provides valuable evidence of how they opened up the rest of the world to European influence: by the time this was published, permanent Jesuit establishments had been founded in Panama, Manila, Lima, Nagasaki, Goa, Santa Fe, Peking and Ethiopia. Japan had 13 alone and 154 priests, China and Africa 5 and 60 respectively, and the Americas played host to many hundreds.

Pedro Ribaneira (1526-1611), born in Toledo, entered the Society of Jesus aged fourteen. A Professor of Rhetoric at Palermo, he was ordained in 1553 and dedicated his time to preaching and promulgating the the cause of the Society, especially in the Low Countries. He is perhaps best known for his Life of Loyola, published in 1572.

Graesse VI 106. Sabin 70778a (“ouvrage infinement precieux” Leclerc). De Backer VI 1754. JCB 609/105. Besterman 1592. Alden 83. Palau 266559. Not in JFB.


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BEUGHEM, Cornelius von


Incunabula typographicae.

Amsterdam, Joannem Wolters, 1688.


FIRST EDITION. 12mo pp (xiii) 191 (iii). Roman letter, printer’s sphere device on t .p., occasional woodcut initial or ornament. Very slight age browning, couple of rust marks, a good, clean copy in contemporary calf, spine gilt, cracks to joints but sound, edges speckled red. The Pembroke copy; old paper pressmark at foot of spine, faded red shelfmark to upper pastedown, c18 bibliographical note on fly at head.

First edition of the first printed bibliography of incunabula compiled by the preeminent Dutch C17 bibliographer Cornelius (or Cornelis) van Beughem. This groundbreaking pocket sized volume (you could easily take it with you when visiting your favorite bookshop) lists more than 3000 incunables, helpfully in strict authorial alphabetical order, rather than first by subject matter, unlike most bibliographies of the period; the full title is usually given. In some cases, several editions are listed with date and place of printing, sometimes with names of editors and translators and sizes. In the case of editions of particular importance the printer may be also identified. At the end are appendices of anonymous editions and those of uncertain date or imprint. This was a remarkably comprehensive and useful volume, providing modern style bibliographical information on more than ten percent of now known incunabula, including many more obscure works.

Beughem (c. 1637-1710) of Prussian origin, worked as a bookseller in Amsterdam for Jansson before setting up his own shop in Emmerich. He was “without doubt the foremost bibliographer of the seventeenth century” (Breslauer & Folter) who “provided for his contemporaries a series of bibliographies of outstanding usefullness, full, accurate, and intelligently compiled” (Besterman). Beughem can be justly considered the precursor to the great bookseller-bibliographers of the 19th century, although they were largely critical of his pioneering efforts.

Breslauer and Folter 85. Bigmore, Wyman I p. 54. Besterman III 5027. Graesse I 356 “Livre rare”.


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