VIGLIUS [AYTTA, Wigle van] [with] CLINGUS, Melchior
IN CONTEMPORARY GERMAN PIGSKIN
Viglii Zuichemi Phrysii Iureconsulti Clarissimi Commentaria in Decem Titulos Institutionum Iuris Civilis (with) Inquatuor institutionum iuris civilis...Basel (and) Frankfurt), Froben (and) Christianum Egenolphum, 1542
Folio. 2 works in 1 vol. pp. [viii] 182 [x]; ll. [x] 199 [i]. Roman and Italic letter, woodcut initials. T.p. and verso of last with printer’s device in both works. Contemporary ms ex libris “G? Hillingerin?” to t.p, c 1700 bookplate from Lobris Castle, (Loboradz, Lower Silesia); second work heavily annotated in places in brown and red ink. Light age yellowing, small wormtrail to outer edge of t.p. a good clean well margined copy in contemporary German pigskin, panels ruled and roll-stamped in blind with floral motif, depictions of the stations of the cross on outer panel, and the likenesses of Virgil, Cicero and Ovid on inner panel, spine in five compartments with raised bands, bronze clasps.
FIRST EDITION of Viglius’ commentary on inheritance and last wills and testaments, with an dedication to Gerard Mulert, counsellor to Emperor Charles V, the book is divided into ten chapters covering: ordinary wills, wills made by soldiers, those not permitted to make last wills, the process of disinheriting children, the order of heirs and inheritors, the substitution of heirs and inheritors, reasons last wills are invalid, weakened, or irresponsible, and finally the different rights of heirs.
The second work is a commentary on Justinian’s civil laws directed not only to students of law, but “all of the public”. Book three, on inheritance, is most heavily annotated in a contemporary hand to a few sections: on natural succession of heirs and inheritance in cases of illegitimacy, “incestuoso et nefario”, as well as section on extraordinary wealth of inheritance, and “the division of political obligation” regarding money lending, and finally a section on verbal contracts, before abandoning his annotating practice altogether.
A very handsome copy, particularly interesting for its annotations and combination of interrelated texts on the laws of inheritance. It neatly evidences how in the mid-16th century the works of Justinian were still being used as practical legal works in combination with the latest legal reference books.
Viglius (1507-1577) was a Dutch statesman and jurist, professor of jurisprudence at Ingolstadt, later famous for his learning among Erasmus and his circle, and favourite of Emperor Charles V, with whom he travelled as a scholar of imperial rights.
Clingus (1504-1571) was a jurist and legal scholar who studied at Wittenberg under Melanchthon, where he was later appointed Rector.