BACON, Sir Francis

Certaine miscellany vvorks… Published by William Rawley …

London, by I. Hauiland for Humphrey Robinson, in Pauls Church-yard, 1629

£3,500

FIRST EDITION. 4 parts in one volume. 4to. pp. [x], 166. A-Y. [A1 Blank pasted down]. text with box rule. ”Considerations touching a vvarre with Spaine”, “An advertisement touching an holy vvarre”, “An offer to our late soveraigne King Iames, of a digest to be made of the lawes of England”, and “The history of the reigne of King Henry the Eighth” each have separate dated title page; pagination and register are continuous, general title with typographical ornament within double-ruled border, title to each part within double-ruled border with woodcut flaming heart device, typographical headpieces, woodcut initials, bookplate of Robert Pirie on pastedown. Light age yellowing. A fine copy crisp and clean with large margins in contemporary polished limp vellum, covers with a single gilt-ruled border, large central arabesque gilt, edges gilt; some staining on upper cover,

First edition, of these works by Bacon published posthumously by Dr William Rawley, a close friend, his private chaplain and secretary, to whom Bacon bequeathed most of his manuscripts; a fine copy in a contemporary vellum binding with gilt edges, suggestive of a presentation copy. The preface indicates that “a corrupt and surreptitious edition” of Considerations touching a warre with Spain compelled Rawley, Bacon’s literary executor, to publish a corrected version of that work, together with: An Advertisement Tovching an Holy Warre. Written in the yeare 1622; An Offer to Ovr Late Soueraigne Iames, of a Digest to be made of the Lawes of England; and The History of the Reigne of King Henry the Eighth.

“The ‘Considerations Touching a War with Spain’ .. was written in 1624, and expanded on his ‘Notes for a speech on war with Spain’, which he had prepared soon after 24th Feb. 1624 for Parliamentary debate. In it, Bacon puts forward an argument, in the Augustinian tradition (as he had previously on the subject of war with the Ottomans in ‘An Advertisement Touching an Holy Warre’ following the reanimation of the Spanish Match in 1622), for the justice of recovering the Palatinate, and thereby the legitimacy if not necessity of contracting war with Spain, before expounding on the forces necessary to succeed, and finally prposing a variety of strategies.” Nadine Akkerman. ’The Correspondence of Elizabeth Stuart.’

“An Advertisement Touching a Holy War stands as a document of major historical importance and intense current relevance because it offers an additional reason for the modern revolution. In it Bacon dares to suggest that a revolution in thinking and acting is necessary because European intellectual and spiritual life as well as European politics had been captured by religious fanaticism that threatened to plunge Renaissance Europe into another dark age. Bacon chose the old literary device of dialogue to present his argument for wholesale change indirectly. In the conversation of his characters he allows readers to see the reasons for kindling spiritual warfare against the spiritual rulers of European civilization. An Advertisement Touching a Holy War gives a great philosopher’s reasons for initiating the war between science and religion that was actually fought in the coming centuries in Western civilization and of which we are the heirs.”

Sir Francis Bacon (later Lord Verulam and the Viscount St. Albans) was an English lawyer, statesman, essayist, historian, intellectual reformer, philosopher, and champion of modern science. Early in his career he claimed “all knowledge as his province” and afterwards dedicated himself to a wholesale revaluation and re-structuring of traditional learning. To take the place of the established tradition (a miscellany of Scholasticism, humanism, and natural magic), he proposed an entirely new system based on empirical and inductive principles and the active development of new arts and inventions, a system whose ultimate goal would be the production of practical knowledge for “the use and benefit of men” and the relief of the human condition. At the same time that he was founding and promoting this project for the advancement of learning, Bacon was also moving up the ladder of state service. His career aspirations had been largely disappointed under Elizabeth I, but with the ascension of James his political fortunes rose. Knighted in 1603, he was then steadily promoted to a series of offices, including Solicitor General (1607), Attorney General (1613), and eventually Lord Chancellor (1618). While serving as Chancellor, he was indicted on charges of bribery and forced from office. He retired to his estate where he devoted himself full time to his continuing literary, scientific, and philosophical work. He died in 1626, leaving a cultural legacy that, for better or worse, includes most of the foundation for the triumph of technology and for the modern world we know. In a way Bacon’s descent from political power was fortunate, for it represented a liberation from the bondage of public life resulting in a remarkable final burst of literary and scientific activity. Bacon’s earlier works, impressive as they are, were essentially products of his spare time. It was only during his last five years that he was able to concentrate exclusively on writing and produced some of his finest work.

A fine copy of this work, in a fine contemporary binding.

STC 1124; ESTC S100333; Gibson 191

L2212

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BACON, Sir Francis

SIR MATHEW HALE’S COPY

Opera tomus primus: qui continet De dignitate & augmentis scientiarum libros IX. Ad regem suum.

London, In officina Ioannis Haviland, MDCXXIII. [1623]

£25,000

FIRST EDITION thus. Folio. pp. [20], 493, [2]. [[par.], A, B-3R.] Last blank. Roman and Italic letter. Printer’s woodcut device on both title-pages, both within double rules, variant with additional “I” added in mss to the date, second title-page (¶3), also with additional “I”, ¶2r setting with “emittit” as the catchword rather than “Translatio,” text within box rule, floriated woodcut initials, typographical head- and tailpieces, “Liber Matthei Hale Anno domini 1663” on fly (Sir Matthew Hale), Robert Blagden Hale’s (1807–1883) armorial bookplate on front free endpaper, bookplate ‘Hale of Alderley, Gloucestershire’ (depicting the Upper House rebuilt in the eighteenth century at Sir Matthew’s country seat). Robert S. Pirie’s bookplate on pastedown. Very light waterstain in lower blank margin of a few quires. A fine copy, absolutely fresh and clean, in contemporary English blind-tooled dark calf, covers with a border of multiple blind rules, spine with similar blind rules, head of spine, upper inner corner of upper cover, and tail expertly restored, joints a little scratched, all edges sprinkled red.

The extremely rare first edition, a much enlarged translation into Latin of ‘The Advancement of Learning’, of perhaps Bacon’s most important and influential work. The “De Augmentis Scientiarum” was intended as Part 1 of Bacon’s proposed “Instauratio magna” that he never completed. “Bacon conceived a massive plan for the reorganization of scientific method and gave purposeful thought to the relation of science to public and social life. His pronouncement “I have taken all knowledge to be my province” is the motto of his work… [His] proposal was “a total reconstruction of sciences, arts and all human knowledge… to extend the power and dominion of the human race… over the universe”. The plan for this was to be set out in six parts: (1) a complete survey of human knowledge and learning; this was expounded in the “De Augmentis Scientiarum”, 1623 (a greatly extended version of “The Advancement of Learning”, 1605)… Of parts (3) to (5) only fragments were ever published; part (6) remained unwritten.” PMM 119

Sir Francis Bacon (later Lord Verulam and the Viscount St. Albans) lawyer, statesman, essayist, historian, intellectual reformer, philosopher, and champion of modern science, who dedicated himself to a wholesale revaluation and re-structuring of traditional learning. To take the place of the established tradition (a miscellany of Scholasticism, humanism, and natural magic), he proposed an entirely new system based on empirical and inductive principles and the active development of new arts and inventions, a system whose ultimate goal would be the production of practical knowledge for “the use and benefit of men” and the relief of the human condition. At the same time that he was founding and promoting this project for the advancement of learning, Bacon was also moving up the ladder of state service. His career aspirations had been largely disappointed under Elizabeth I, but with the accession of James his political fortunes rose. Knighted in 1603, he was then steadily promoted to a series of offices, including Solicitor General (1607), Attorney General (1613), and eventually Lord Chancellor (1618). While serving as Chancellor, he was indicted on charges of bribery and forced from office. He retired to his estate where he devoted himself full time to his continuing literary, scientific, and philosophical work. He died in 1626, leaving a cultural legacy that, for better or worse, includes most of the foundation for the triumph of technology and for the modern world we know. In a way Bacon’s descent from political power was fortunate, for it represented a liberation from the bondage of public life resulting in a remarkable final burst of literary and scientific activity. Bacon’s earlier works, impressive as they are, were essentially products of his spare time. It was only during his last five years that he was able to concentrate exclusively on writing and produced some of his finest work.

“The Advancement of Learning was divided into two books. The first was an eloquent defence of the importance of learning in every field of life. The second book, much longer and more important, was a general survey of the contemporary state of knowledge and supplying Bacon’s broad suggestions for the ways of improvement. The importance of the Advancement of Learning and its expanded edition in Latin, the De dignitate ed augmentis scientarum [1623] is that it presents Bacon’s views on many philosophical issues and also serves as a central source for his views on history, rhetoric, moral philosophy, and civil philosophy. More generally it is an exposition of Bacon’s classification of knowledge.” Markku Peltonen ‘The Cambridge Companion to Bacon.’

This copy first belonged to Lord Chief Justice Sir Matthew Hale, with his signature on the front free endpaper, dated 1663.

STC 1108 (listing two copies with the altered date); ESTC S120405; Gibson 129b (variant with the additional “I” in the date)

K61

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BACON, Francis

Essayes and Counsels, Civill and Moral. Whereunto is newly added. Table of the Colours of Good and Evil

London, [ ], 1664.

Price available on request

Gibson 120

B50

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BACON, Francis

The Naturall and Experimental History of Winds…

London, Humphrey Moseley, 1653.

£1,250

FIRST EDITION in English. 12mo pp. [xxvi] 384 [xxx]. Roman and italic letter, author portrait on frontispiece. Age yellowing, final few ll. stained at margins, lacking final black. A good copy in contemporary deerskin, covers loose and scuffed, spine and edges worn. In a box.

Gibson 115.

B37

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BACON, Francis

The Advancement of Learning…interpreted by Gilbert Wats

London, For Thomas Williams, 1674.

£450

Folio. pp. 1 engraved portrait + pp. [xxxii] 322 [ xx]. Roman and italic letter, head- and tail-pieces, woodcut initials. Slight age yellowing, light dampstain to final ll, a clean and well margined copy in modern red morocco, covers double gilt-ruled, spine gilt in seven compartments.

Gibson 142

B55

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RAWLEY, William (ed.)

Resuscitatio, or bringing into Publick Light severall Pieces of the Works hitherto Sleeping; of the Right Honourable Francis Bacon. (with) Several Letters written by this Honourable Author.

London, S.G. and B.G. for William Lee, 1671.

£500

FIRST COMPLETE EDITION. Folio. Portrait of the author + pp. (xiv) 1-16, (+1 full page engraved portrait of the author) 17, 256 (ii), 100 (xviii), 8 (ii), 16 (ii), 1-19 (ii), 19-26 (ii), 27-62 (iv), 58 (viii), 92 (xiv), 26, lacking final blank H2. Roman and italic letter, head-and tail- pieces, woodcut initials, two portraits of the author by Wenceslas Hollar (unsigned Gibson listed l and m). C19 bookplate of John Gordon, Vescount Kenmure and Lord Lochinvar. Early manuscript monogram to verso of frontispiece engraving and title page “DPAH”(?). Frontispiece and title page slightly shaved at head with no loss, first and last gatherings a bit dusty and frayed at edges. Light age yellowing, well margined. In contemporary calf, covers ruled in blind, corners worn, small tears, joints cracked and frayed.

Gibson 229.

B53

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RAWLEY, William (ed.)

Resuscitatio, or bringing into Publick Light severall Pieces of the Works hitherto Sleeping; of the Right Honourable Francis Bacon. (with) Several Letters written by this Honourable Author.

London, Sarah Griffin for William Lee, 1661.

£650

Folio. Portrait of the author + (xxiv) 324, (ii) 122 (ii). Roman and italic letter, head- and tail-pieces, folio author portrait by Wenceslas Hollar (Gibson portrait l), frontispiece and title page ruled in red, lower margins repaired with no loss of text or image, first gathering with slight damp stains to margin, otherwise a good, well-margined copy with light age yellowing. C19 bookplate of James Francis Anderton to pastedown, bound in C18 half calf, paper boards, re-backed.

Gibson 227.

B46

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RAWLEY, William (ed.)

Resuscitatio, or bringing into Publick Light severall Pieces of the Works hitherto Sleeping; of the Right Honourable Francis Bacon. (with) Several Letters written by this Honourable Author.

London, Sarah Griffin for William Lee, 1657.

£1,250

FIRST EDITION Folio. Authorial engraved portrait + pp. (xxiv) 282 (ii), (ii) 122 (ii). Roman and italic letter, head- and tail-pieces, woodcut initials. Age yellowing, title page a bit dusty, a clean, well-margined copy in contemporary calf with blind-ruled panels, rebacked, lower cover edges worn. Heber stamp on fly.

Gibson 226.

B41

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LOCKE, John and BACON, Francis

Locke’s Conduct of the Understanding and Bacon’s Essays.

London, J. Walker, 1818.

£75

24mo. (xii) 262. Engraved double-page frontispiece. Slightly foxed throughout, a good copy in contemporary diced calf by Newby joints worn, marbled end papers and edges.

B76

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DELEYNE, Alexandre (ed.)

Analyse de la Philosophie du Chancelier Francois Bacon.

Leiden, Les Libraires Associes, 1756.

£150

8vo. In two volumes pp. (iv) 416 (ii), (ii) 433 (iii). Final leaf of volume II repaired at upper edge without loss, F4 margins torn, printing inserted wrong way around, both volumes lightly yellowed but well margined and good. In quarter calf C1800 marbled boards and end papers, edges speckled blue. Edited by Deleyne, second edition.

B67