Institutiones anatomicae, nouis recentiorum opinionibus et obseuationibus

Leiden apud Franciscum Hackium 1641


FIRST EDITION thus. 8vo. pp. [xx], 496, [xliv]. 8 fldg plates. Roman letter, some Italic. Fine engraved title page with border of roundel portraits of famous doctors, Caspar Bartolin’s above, a scene of a public dissection below, 70 fine engraved plates, and eight folding plates, floriated woodcut initials and headpieces, “By the kindness of Morneo Balt.,  S. E. Robinson, West Union Iowa. 1890 on front fly” (genealogical note loosely inserted confirming him as a Physician from West Union). Light age yellowing, minor marginal waterstaining to upper margin in places, very rare marginal spot. A very good copy, with rich dark impressions of the plates, in contemporary vellum over thin boards, a little soiled. The first edition of Thomas Bartholin’s revision of his father’s classic Anatomicae institutiones (1611), the first of his influential series of revisions bringing his father’s text up to date in view of the discoveries of Harvey, Aselli and other contemporaries, and presenting his own significant anatomical findings. The work is beautifully illustrated with seventy very fine engravings and eight folding plates. “Thomas … edited and republished many of Caspar’s writings including the present work. It was first published in 1611 and went through four editions as well as several translations. The majority of the books seventy anatomical engravings and eight folding plates were taken from the work of other anatomists. Many of the engravings of the brain were drawn by Sylvius and appear in print for the first time in this edition. The work also contains the ‘Epistolae duae .. de motu sanguinis of Johannes Walaeus, and ardent supporter of Harvey.” Hiers of Hippocrates.

This first edition of 1641 includes the earliest depiction of the fissure of Sylvius, the lateral cerebral fissure, the only part of the surface of the cerebral hemisphere to be given a name between 1641 and the nineteenth century. Sylvius (Franciscus le Bok, 1614-72) first made his neurological observations in 1637, but did not publish his own descriptions until 1663. However, he did collaborate with Bartholin in the present revision of the Institutiones, publishing here a series of illustrations of the brain based on his own drawings. Thomas Bartholin is commonly credited with the first description of the thoracic duct in man. He described the intestinal lymphatics and their drainage via the thoracic duct into the venous system. He edited one of the earliest medical journals, Acta medica et philosophica hafniensa, and described an encephalitis epidemic in Denmark in 1657. “Bartholin’s greatest contribution to physiology was his discovery that the lymphatic system is an entirely separate system. At first he sought to explain the lymphatics, already recognized as anatomical structures, as providing the liver with chyle for the manufacture of blood. On 28 February 1652, working with his assistant, Michael Lyser, Bartholin concluded that the lymphatics formed a hitherto unrecognized physiological system. This was reported in Vasa lymphatica nuper hafniae in animalibus inventa et hepatis exsequiae (1653). Failure, in this edition, to indicate the date of discovery by more than the term “28 February” and the inclusion of the further date “1652” in the second edition led to the belief by many that the true year of discovery was 1653. Such was the opinion of Olof Rudbeck, who claimed priority of discovery by reason of his demonstration of the lymphatics in April 1652. Although there was extended controversy, there is now little doubt of Bartholin’s priority. In Vasa lymphatica in homine nuper inventa (1654), he confirmed the existence of the human lymphatic system.”. DSB. A very good copy of this important work, beautifully and profusely illustrated.

Hiers of Hippocrates 288. not in Garrison-Morton or BM STC. Ger. C17th


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