DEL MIGLIORE, Ferdinando Leopoldo

BOUND FOR THE DEDICATEE, MARQUIS AND AMBASSADOR TO CARDINAL DE’MEDICI

Senatori Fiorentini.

Florence, Stamperia di S.A.S. alla Condotta, 1665.

£4,750

FIRST EDITION, first issue. 8vo., 45 leaves, (*1), +2, A-E8, F2. Roman and Italic letter; fine engraved title with the dedicatee’s arms, decorated initials and decorative head- and tail-pieces, woodcut armorial devices throughout; one line and one coat of arms with printer’s pasted correction slips. A very good copy in contemporary limp vellum, elegantly tooled in gilt with green morocco pieces inlaid, central panel with Florentine fleurs-de-lys surrounding hand-painted arms of the dedicatee, gilt spine with interlacing floral decoration; original endpapers, all edges red; three tiny wormholes on front; armorial bookplate of the Walpole family and Annual International Exhibition label, 1874, on front pastedown; small stamp of the Selbourne Library on blank title verso and lower margin of D2r.

Fine dedication copy – first issue of the first edition – of this rare work of heraldry devoted to the senatorial families of Florence, in a lavish contemporary binding including the arms of Filippo Niccolini (1586-1666), Marquis of Ponsacco and Camugliano, ambassador, maestro di camera to Cardinal Gian Carlo de’ Medici and dedicatee of this edition. Ferdinando Leopoldo Del Migliore (1628-1696) was a voracious collector of material related to Florence and its past, which, at his death, took up over 120 volumes. He acquired some notoriety with an illustrated history of the Tuscan city (1684), incomplete.

Senatori fiorentini, Del Migliore’s first work in print, lists about 150 local noble families holding a seat in the Senate of Forty-Eight, the highest institution of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany since 1532. The book is alphabetically arranged and includes useful depiction of the families’ arms. One can find the prominent lineages which gave birth to great statesmen (de’ Medici, Pazzi, Pitti, Soderini, Strozzi, Valori), renowned scholars (Acciaiuoli, Cavalcanti, Doni, Guicciardini, Machiavelli, Vettori) and high-ranking prelates (Aldobrandini, Capponi, Corsini, Gaddi, Pucci, Ridolfi, Salviati). Many of these families acquired vast collections of books, so this little and instructive work can be of great help in identifying armorial bookplates, ex libris and other ownership marks.

This is the first issue of the first edition with two correction slips, consisting of one line at Aviiiv and the coat of arms of the Corsi family at Bivv, both pasted in straight after printing. Only the first slip is present in the British Library copy, which appears to be a second issue, since the Corsi arms were correctly printed with the rest of the text after the re-setting of the whole page.

This unique copy comes from the library of the Walpoles of Orford, of which Horace (1717-1797), antiquarian, man of letters and Whig politician, was the most illustrious member. Although the bookplate on the front pastedown is not his own, the contents suggest that he may have acquired this book in Florence during his stay in 1742. An alternative hypothesis is that he received it from Horace Mann (1706-1786), the British envoy in Tuscany and a close friend.

Very rare. No recorded copies in the US. Not in Brunet or Graesse.

BM STC It. 17th, 574 (incomplete, 2nd issue); ICCU SBN, IT\ICCU\TO0E\056337.

L2006

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BROSSIN, Jacques

BOUND FOR LOUIS XIII

Extrait des Descendans & Ascendans de Andre de Laval, Chevalier

n.p., n.p., 1630.

£7,500

FIRST EDITON. 4to. 28 unnumbered pages A-C4, D2. Roman letter, some Italic. ‘Ce livre apartient a m’r Turgot du Baugouet’ in a slightly later hand at head of pastedown, engraved armorial bookplates of Turgot on front pastedown and Turgot des Tourailles on rear. Very light marginal age yellowing. A fine copy, crisp and clean with excellant margins, in contemporary polished limp vellum, covers double gilt ruled to a panel design, outer panel with large Fleur de lys gilt to corners, arms of Louis XIII at centres, three fleur de lys with crown above, within finely worked gilt wreath, spine with fine gilt roll, in long, of alternate lozenge and circles gilt, all edges gilt, lacking ties, lower cover with some minor stains.

First edition of this extremely rare piece of trial evidence, beautifully bound in very fine limp vellum with the arms of Louis XIII, probably made for presentation to the king by the author. The work details the descendants of André de Laval who go back as far as Louis de Débonaire, the son of Charlemagne. This work was made as evidence gathered in reply to the defamation, by Jean Barbotin, made against Jaques Brossin, that he was not of noble decent. Brossin in reply to these accusations made this impressive genealogy, consulting the Royal historian Duchene, which assembles evidence of his lineage through the descent of his Grandfather, the knight Andre de Laval. Andre de Laval’s first son was revealed to be one of the ascendants of the royal family and other major figures of the Aristocracy; related to Henry IV, to Louis XIII, Marie De Bourbon, and Duc of Guise and Mary Stuart. The second son of Andre de Laval, Guy, was the ascendant in the seventh degree to the Cardinal de Richelieu and to Jacques Brossin, the author of this work. Brossin then produces further documentary evidence, which he transcribes in its entirety including; the letter from Catherine de Medicis recommending his father for marriage with one of the descendants of Andre de Laval; the letter of Henry II asking his grandfather to raise arms on his behalf; letters from Kings and Queens recommending the Brossin family, and the Brossin family genealogy. The work terminates with the genealogy of the family of Andre de Laval as far back as Charlemagne.

Jean Barbotin and his accomplices, who had accused Brossin of not being of noble descent, undoubtedly did not realise that he would thus be accusing the Royal family, by proxy, of the same thing, and that the charge of defamation would then be transformed to that of lèse Majesté. Jean Barbotin, on the strength of the evidence gathered in this work, was found guilty of this crime and executed along with his two accomplices. It would have been unusual for such a personal family document to be printed or to be so finely bound, however, Brossin, as a result of the court case for lèse Majesté, probably had a small quantity privately printed of which he had this copy finely bound with the arms of Louis XIII, who may have required a copy as it was a matter that concerned him personally. The quality of the materials used and the gilding of this binding are particularly fine.

Not in BM STC C17th Fr. Saffroy, Bibliographie généalogique héraldique et nobiliaire de la France, III, n°43777.

L2057

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LUSIGNAN, Estienne

ARISTOCRATIC HEREDITY AND EUROPEAN ROYALS’ CLAIM OVER JERUSALEM

Les genealogies de soixante et sept tres-nobles. (with) Les droicts, autoritez et prerogatiues que pretendent au royaume de Hierusalem, les princes & seigneurs spirituels & temporels cy apres nommez.

Paris, Guillaume le Noir, ruë S. Iacques, à l’enseigne de la Rose blanche couronnee, 1586.

£2,750

FIRST EDITION of the second work. Two works in one. 4to. 1) ff. (iv), 128. 2) (viii), 40. Roman letter, some Italic. Woodcut printers device on both titles, full page woodcut of Melusine holding the arms of Luxembourg and Lusignan on â4 verso of first volume, floriated woodcut initials, grotesque headpieces, early inscription (illegible) on fly, autograph Pf Van Meldert de Deveal in C19th hand on verso, modern armorial bookplate on pastedown, C19th label above, ‘Ad usum don[?]’ in contemporary hand on fly. Light age yellowing, tiny worm trail at gutter well away from text. Very good copies, crisp and clean, in contemporary limp vellum, remains of ties.

Second edition of this important and early genealogy, bound with the first edition of the second work “Les Droicts, Autoritez et perogatives que pretendent au Royaume de Hierusalem.” Estienne de Lusignan was born in Nicosia, capital of Cyprus, and chose an ecclesiastical career under the guidance of the Armenian Bishop, Julian. After the fall of Cyprus he escaped to Italy and spent his fortune buying back his enslaved parents from Turkey. He moved to Paris in 1577 and was nominated Bishop of Limasso in Cyprus.

“The work of Veccerius … became an important source for the Généalogies of Estienne de Chypre de Lusignan (1537 – 1590). As his name suggests, Estienne was a descendant of the Lusignan Kings of Cyprus and Bishop of Limassol. He wrote his Genealogies for Francois de Luxembourg-Piney, in which he presented the genealogies of sixty-seven noble dynasties that can all be traced back to the Merovingians. … In this book, Melusine and the search for her true historic identity are a recurrent theme. This may be unsurprising, since it is that very figure that enabled the author’s own glorious dynastic roots to be connected with those of his patron, or, as he wrote, ‘The house of Luxembourg, according to our opinion and that of many others, derived from the House of Lusignan.’ He also sees Melusine on the crest worn by “all members” of the house of Luxembourg and Lusignan as clear proof of his hypothesis.” Pit Péporté. “Constructing the Middle Ages.”

The second work is the first edition of Lusignan’s interesting treatise on the various claims of the main European noble houses, including the Papacy and the Patriarchy, over the Kingdom of Jerusalem. The first chapter concerns the rights over the Kingdom exercised by his own family. He then discusses the rights of each of the Royal families of Europe and their connection to the Kingdom, including the English Royal family through the exploits of Richard the Lionheart. Very good crisp copies of these two works.

L1917

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BARA, Jerome, SCOHIER, Jean, and MOREAU, Philippe

Le blason des armoiries, auquel est monstree la maniere que les anciens & modernes ont vse en icelles. (with) L’ estat et comportement des armes. Contenant l’institution des armoiries, et methode de dresser des genealogies. (with) Le tableau des armoiries de France auquel sont representees les origines.

Paris, chez Rolet Boutonne, au palais, a l’entree de la petite Galerie des prisonniers, 1628 (with) 1630 (with) 1630.

£2,250

Folio. Three vols in one pp. 1) pp. [xii], 197, [iii]. 2) pp. [iv], 95, [i]. 3) pp. [viii], 70, [ii]. Roman letter. First two titles in red and black, large engraved printer’s device on each, of two angels supporting the arms of Louis XIII, signed Picart on first, vol 1 with very numerous woodcut and engraved arms, vol two with woodcut arms and genealogical tables, small woodcut diagrams in text of third, all with fine floriated initials and head and tail-pieces. Light age yellowing, some leaves slightly browned, minor, light, marginal water-stains in places. Very good, clean, well margined copies, in contemporary limp vellum, slightly soiled, nibbled at edges in places, small stab hole in upper cover, upper edge a bit chewed.

An excellent collection of three of the most important French works on heraldry, covering, between them all aspects of that art or science, all corrected and augmented and beautifully illustrated and printed.

The first work by Bara concerns the history and tradition of heraldry starting with a general description of the forms in heraldry, with descriptions of the colours and form of arms and the use, meaning and history of the various symbols. The second part includes descriptions of the arms of a whole host of historical and mythical individuals, including Prester John, Alexander the Great, Hercules, and the arms of the Knights of the Round table, who were a significant element in medieval heraldry. (The identification of individuals from the Arthurian legends with particular arms is evidenced from as early as the 12th century, by the 15th century some 200 such arms had been attributed.) He also includes the arms of figures from the Old Testament, Greek and Roman mythology. The work ends with descriptions of the arms of the major houses of Europe and the high nobility of France.

Scohier’s work, regarded as one of the best French heraldic treatises, also starts with a general description of the form of arms. It then elaborates a method of compiling genealogies and describes how arms are passed from generation to generation, with significant sections on the rights and laws of the wearing of arms.

The final work by Moreau is prefaced by an interesting letter addressed to “La Noblesse Francoise” describing the importance of arms and their heritage to the nobility and royalty. In it describes succinctly the purpose of this work, “de rechercher les raisons des Armoiries tant principals, & substantielles, que parergues, & accessoires, comme de leurs Tymbres, Ordres, & Suports, & puis rebroussant iusqu’a leur premiere origine, tascher de desfricher, & descouvrir l’antiquite des plus grandes, & illustres.”. As stated he researches the first origins of the use of arms and discusses in length the meaning of each major aspect of the design of arms and their first use, their original significance and modern interpretation.

It is probable that the three works were put together by the publisher or a contemporary bookseller as they are complementary in design and use and represent the periods best works on heraldry. Brunet states that they are sometimes found together in this form. (Brunet, Bara I 642).

1) BM STC Fr. C17th B192. Brunet, I 642. Graesse I 287. 2) BM STC Fr. C17th S 475. Brunet V 234. Graesse VI 325. 3) BM STC Fr. C17th M1393. Not in Brunet or Graesse.

L1239

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VITIGNANO, Cornelio

THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE OF AUSTRIA, BOUND IN ARMORIAL STYLE FOR CARDINAL VIDONE

Vera genealogia e discendenza della Serenissima et Inuittissima Prosapia D’Austria. Breuemente descritta da Cornelio Vitignano

Naples, Iacomo Carlini and Antonio Pace, 1599.

£3,250

FIRST EDITION. 4to. pp. (xii) 27 (i). Italic letter with some Roman. Woodcut arms of Austria on title, a larger version on verso, large woodcut grotesque initials and head and tail-pieces, typographical ornaments, woodcut printer’s device on verso of last. One quire lightly browned, very minor occasional spotting. A very good copy in magnificent contemporary Italian red morocco gilt, covers gilt ruled to a panel design, outer dentelle roll, second panel filled with charming gilt floral roll incorporating grotesque heads, central panel with the large gilt arms of Cardinal Vidone at centres, fine gilt floral tools to corners, all filled with semé of small lozenge tools, spine with gilt ruled raised bands with stars gilt in compartments, remains of ties, tiny expert restoration to head and tail of spine and one corner, all edges gilt.

A superb example of a prestigious early seventeenth century Italian morocco binding belonging to Cardinal Vidone, on an interesting and appropriate work tracing the early genealogy of the House of Austria. Vidone, having studied at Pavia and Perugia, came to Rome during the pontificate of Pope Clement VIII (1592 – 1605). His rise from relatively lowly status up the Church administrative hierarchy was rapid, due to his considerable talent and skill. He became “Abbreviatore di parco maggiore” in 1604, Chamberlain of Honour to the Pope and Vice-legate of the Marche in 1606, Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, and Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber in 1609. He was later made Governor of the Civitavecchia in 1612, a post which he held until 1623, then President of Romagna from 1623 to 1625.

His success earned him the important post of Treasurer General of the Apostolic Chamber, and Commissary General of the Papal army in 1625, through which he effectively shouldered the burden of running the entire administration of the Papal domains. He received the red Cardinal hat on August 30, 1627, and the title of Ss. Quattro Coronatti, ‘pro illa vice’ deacon on October 6, 1627. His relatively short period as a Cardinal allows us to date this binding quite precisely to between 1627 and 1632, most probably crafted in Rome. The sumptuous and fine workmanship is in excellent condition, the gilding still bright and fresh with hardly any fading or rubbing. It is easy to imagine such a richly worked binding in the hands of a Cardinal.

Vitignano dedicates the work to Philip III of Spain with a short essay and poem, and includes another dedication by Giovanni Baptista de la Porta. He attempts to trace the history of the House of Austria back to the Roman Empire using inscriptions found on ancient monuments in Rome and Naples. Beautiful and very well preserved.

BM STC It. C16th. p. 734.

L1264

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