ALLESTREE, Richard [with] DADE, William [and] NEVE, John et. al.

12 EXCEPTIONALLY RARE ALMANACKS FOR THE YEAR 1635

£25,000

I. ALLESTREE, Richard.1635. A new almanacke and prognostication, for the yeere of our Lord God, 1635. Collected and properly referred to the longitude and sublimity of the pole Artick, of 51. deg. 32. mi.

London, W. Stansby, for the Company of Stationers, [1635].

8vo. 24 unnumbered leaves. A-C⁸. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, title in red and black within fine red and black woodcut border with signs of the zodiac, royal arms above, woodcut diagram of the eclipses, “An appendix vnto the precedent almanacke, for this present yeere of grace M.DC. XXXV.” has a separate titlepage within double box rule, with the imprint: Printed by I. L[egat]. for the Company of Stationers. 1635. Light age yellowing, title dusty, torn with loss to lower outer corner, dust soiling on second leaf.

STC 407.18. ESTC S123562. Copies only Bodleian and Folger.

 

II. DADE, William. A new almanacke, and prognostication, with the forraigne computation. In which you may behold the state of this yeare 1635. For the meridian of London.

London, Iohn Dawson for the Company of Stationers, [1635].

8vo. 16 unnumbered leaves. A-B8. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, title in red and black within typographical border woodcut diagram of the Anatomical man, typographical ornaments. “A Prognostication, in which you may behold the state of this yeare of our Lord God 1635.” has a separate title page within a typographical border, with the imprint: “Printed by the Company of Stationers. 1635.” Light age yellowing.

STC 435.24. ESTC S125640. One complete copy only at Lambeth, BL has t-p only.

 

III. NEVE, John. A new almanack and prognostication, with the forraigne computation serving for the yeere of our Lord God, and Saviour Iesus Christ, 1635. Rectified for the elevation of the pole artick, and meridian of the ancient and famous citty of Norwich.

London, E[liz.] A[llde] for the Company of Stationers, [1635].

8vo. 20 unnumbered leaves. A-B8, C4. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, title in red and black within fine woodcut border with spheres, woodcut diagram of the anatomical man, “A Prognostication serving for this yeare of our Lord God and saviour Iesus Christi 1635” has a separate title page within typographical border. Light age yellowing, tear with loss of text to two lines on B2, the odd spot.

STC 490.11.  ESTC S125642 One complete copy only at BL, Lambeth has t-p only.

 

IV. WHITE, John. A new almanacke and prognostication for the yeere of our Lord God 1635, : calculated for the meridian of the most honorable citie of London.

London, William Stansby for the Company of Stationers, [1635].

8vo. 20 unnumbered leaves. [A]-B⁸ C⁴. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, title in red and black within fine red and black woodcut border with royal arms above, woodcut diagram of the anatomical man, “A Prognostication for this yeare of our Lord God 1635” has a separate title page within typographical border, with the imprint: Printed for the Company of Stationers. 1635. Light age yellowing.

STC  527.25. ESTC S2482. One copy only at Lambeth.

 

V. WOODHOUSE, John. A new almanacke and prognostication for the yeare of our Lord God 1635. … More especially for the meridian of the ancient city of Chichester, and the southerne parts.

London, Iohn Dawson for the Company of Stationers, [1635].

8vo. 20 unnumbered leaves. A-B⁸, C⁴. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, title in red and black within typographical border, woodcut diagram of the anatomical man, “Wood-house. 1635. A prognostication, contayning the raignes of all the kings, and queenes of this kingdome, since the conquest.” has a separate title page within typographical border. Light age yellowing.

STC 531.26. ESTC S90272. One copy only at Lambeth.

 

VI. VAUX, John. A new almanack and prognostication for the yeere of our Lord God, 1635. Calculated for the meridian of the ancient citty of Durham, where the pole is mounted above the horizon almost 55. degrees.

London, E[liz.] A[llde] for the Company of Stationers, [1635].

8vo. 20 unnumbered leaves. [A]-B⁸ C⁴. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, title in red and black within fine red and black woodcut border with spheres, “Vaux. 1635. A prognostication for the yeere of our Lord God, 1635.” has a separate title page within typographical border, with the imprint: Printed at London for the Company of Stationers. 1635. Light age yellowing.

STC 522.15. ESTC S90250. One copy only at Lambeth.

 

VII. SOFFARD, Arthur. A new almanack for the yeere of our Lord God, 1635. Calculated especially for the latitude and meridian of the most honourable citty of London.

London, E[liz.] A[llde] for the Company of Stationers, [1635].

8vo. 20 unnumbered leaves. [A]-B⁸ C⁴. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, title in red and black within fine red and black woodcut border with spheres, “Soffard. 1635. A prognostication for the yeere of Grace, 1635.” has a separate title page within typographical border, with the imprint: Printed for the Company of Stationers. 1635. Light age yellowing.

STC 515.18. ESTC S125651. One complete copy only at BL, Lambeth has t-p only.

 

VIII. PERKINS, Samuel. A new almanack and prognosticatiou [sic] for the yeere of our Lord God, 1635. … Composed and chiefly referred to the meridian of the famous citty of London.

London, E.A. for the Company of Stationers, [1635].

8vo. 20 unnumbered leaves. [A]-B⁸ C⁴. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, woodcut of anatomical man, title in red and black within fine red and black woodcut border with spheres, “Perkins. 1635. A prognostication for the yeere of our Lord, 1635.” has a separate title page within typographical border, with the imprint: Printed for the Company of Stationers. 1635. Light age yellowing.

STC 495.10. ESTC S125649. One complete copy only at BL, Lambeth has t-p only.

 

IX. LANGLEY, Thomas. A new almanacke and prognostication in which you may behold the state of his present yeere of our Lord God 1635. Composed for the meridian of the famous city of London.

London, William Stansby [and N. O[kes]] for the Company of Stationers, [1635].

8vo. 20 unnumbered leaves. [A]-B⁸ C⁴. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, woodcut of anatomical man in red and black, title in red and black within fine red and black woodcut border with Royal arms above, typographical ornaments, ”Langley. 1635. A prognostication for this present yeare of our Lord God, 1635″ has a separate title page within double ruled border, with the imprint: Printed by N. O[kes] for the Company of Stationers. 1635. Light age yellowing.

STC 479. ESTC S125185. two copies only,  BL and Lambeth.

 

X. WYBARD, John. An almanack and prognostication, with the forraine computation, serving for the yeare of our Lord and Saviour Iesus Christ, 1635. Calculated properly for the latitude and meridian o the most famous city of London.

London, Iohn Dawson for the Company of Stationers, [1635].

8vo. 20 unnumbered leaves. [A]-B⁸ C⁴. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, woodcut of anatomical man, title in red and black within typographical, typographical ornaments. Wybard’s prognostication without separate title page. Light age yellowing.

STC 532.9. ESTC S125650, two copies only,  BL and Lambeth.

 

XI. PIERCE, Mathew. A new almanack and prognosticaion for the yeere of our Lord, 1635. Calculated for the latitude and meridian of the Citty of Durham, the pole artick being elevated 55. degrees.

London, E[liz.] A[llde] for the Company of Stationers, 1635.

8vo. 20 unnumbered leaves. [A]-B⁸ C⁴. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, woodcut of anatomical man, title in red and black within fine red and black woodcut border with spheres, typographical ornaments, “Pierce. 1635. A prognostication for the yeere of our Redemption, 1635.” has a separate title page within typographical border, with the imprint: Printed for the Company of Stationers. 1635. Light age yellowing.

STC 496.2. ESTC S125652. One complete copy only at BL, Lambeth has t-p only.

 

XII. JEFFEREYS, Thomas. A new almanacke and prognostication for the yeere of our Lord Iesus Christ. 1635. Calculated, erected, and especially referred to the latitude and meridian of the ancient towne of Dorchester in the county of Dorset.

London, William Stansby [and John Norton] for the Company of Stationers, [1635].

8vo. 20 unnumbered leaves. [A]-B⁸ C⁴. Roman and black letter, some italic, calendar printed in red and black, title in red and black within red and black woodcut border with royal arms above, large woodcut diagram of the anatomical man on A2 verso another with another on verso of the title of the prognostication, typographical ornaments, “Jeffereys. 1635. A Prognostication, written by Thomas Jeffereys, this present yeere of our Lord Jesus Christ, 1635” has a separate title page within double ruled border, with the imprint: Printed by I. N. for the Company of Stationers. 1635. Light age yellowing, verso of last soiled, the last few leaves a little dog-eared.

STC 464.7. ESTC S125667. Three copies only, British Library, Durham University Library, Lambeth.

 

A sammelband of twelve volumes. Very good copies, generally crisp and clean, in contemporary polished vellum, yapp edges, covers bordered with a double gilt rule, gilt arms of Charles I at centres, spine triple gilt rued in compartments, large fleurons gilt at centres, all edges red (faded), remains of ties, a little soiled, outer edge of upper cover a little chipped, block loose in binding.

An extraordinary collection of twelve almanacs, all for the year 1635, and all of the utmost rarity, many surviving in a single copy and many recorded with just the title page, all preserved in a very good contemporary binding with the Royal arms. Whether this collection was made for presentation to Charles I, or simply gathered over the year 1635 and bound by a royal institution is not known, but they form a large part of all the almanacks published in the year 1635.

These Almanacks were all printed in London but provided prognostications for specific places. Jeffereys was made “to the latitude and meridian of the ancient towne of Dorchester in the county of Dorset,” others were made for Durham, Chichester, and Norwich. All these exceptionally rare almanacks are complete with the interesting Prognostication (or ‘Appendix’) called for on the title-page, which are often missing from almanacks of this period. The ephemeral and popular nature of these almanacks provides a most interesting and rare insight into the lives of ordinary people, revealing their daily concerns and routines.

The ordinary users of almanacks often made their way into contemporary literature. “The writers of this age thought of the Almanack and prognostication with mixed feelings: it was a thing of eternal humour as it had been to Pico, Turnebe, Montaigne, and others before them; and it was, too often, the sole furniture of many private libraries, the untrustworthy source of faith and learning for numerous foolish and simple Englishmen. That it was the superstitious and the untutored who were the regular purchasers of these catchpenny publications is suggested by the reliance of Shakespeare’s mechanic actors on an almanack. By similar instance, in ‘The Witch of Edmonton,’ Jonson sends the childish Abel Drugger to consult Subtle about the rubrication of his almanack, and draws the picture of Sordido, who is one of the prognostication-trusting farmers Fulke or Perkins brought to life. … Webster, whose skill in astrology has been recognised, describes a lying character as an almanack-maker.” Don Cameron Allen. The Star-crossed Renaissance: The Quarrel about Astrology and Its Influence.

The almanacks provide such things as “Husbandry instructions” for each month of the year, even weather forecasts for the entire year. “General Rules of Physicke” suggest that one should “cut no veyne nor let no blood, when the sign is in the place where the incision is to be made,” with reference to the zodiac on the anatomical man. There are adverts for lawyers’ services, offering “an abstract of a direction, concerning Real Contracts,” and lists of the principal “Fayres of England” with their dates, with pages on forthcoming eclipses, and aspects of planets and definitions for astrological terms.

An extraordinary, unique collection of these most ephemeral and rare publications.

L2148

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LANCELLOTTI, Vittorio

ITALIAN CUISINE FOR THE HIGH DIGNITARIES OF THE 17C.

Lo scalco prattico.

Rome, Francesco Corbelletti, 1627.

£3,250

FIRST EDITION. 4to., pp. (8), 300. Roman letter, a little Italic; dedicatee’s arms engraved on title, decorated initials, typographical head- and tail-pieces; lightly foxed, some leaves aged browned, tiny marginal wormholes at foot of gathering P and Q, old repairs to blank lower outer corner of title. A good copy in contemporary limp vellum, original endpapers; a little stained and rubbed, two small cracks to spine; reader’s or bookseller’s annotation by nearly contemporary Italian hand ‘È da vedere’ (‘To be read/collated’).

Rare first edition of a masterpiece of Italian cuisine in early modern times. Born in Camerino, Vittorio Lancellotti was a respected butler in the service of Cardinal Ippolito Aldobrandini, nephew of Pope Clement VIII and dedicatee of this book, and other high-ranking prelates of the Roman Curia, including Ippolito’s uncle Pietro Aldobrandini and Cardinal Scipione Borghese. In the Scalco prattico, Lancellotti described the numerous lavish banquets he supervised at either family or state occasions, with detailed recipes and reports of the service. These celebratory meals usually consist of no less than six round of multiple courses, with cold and hot fresh dishes (including ‘Pasticci all’Inglese’) and stored sweets and savouries.

The book is divided monthly, dispensing advice for seasonal culinary preparations. Particularly rich and impressive was the party organised in 1622 for the wedding of Prince Aldobrandini and Ippolita Ludovisi, niece of the reigning pope Gregory XIV. After a never-ending first round of dishes (out of twelve), the couple was presented with a magnificent statue of marzipan representing Atlas shouldering the Earth with their coat of arms nestled in it.

‘Ce livre fait connaitre le luxe culinaire des prèlats romains au commencement du XVII siècle …’ Brunet, III, 808.

‘Il più originale trattato di scalcheria tra quelli dei numerosi scalchi che in questo secolo operano presso le corti cardinalizie romane.’ C. Benporat, Storia della gastronomia italiana, Milan 1990, p. 195.

Very rare. No recorded copies in the US.

Not in Bitting. BM STC It. 17th, 465; Nataker, 912; Oberlé, 530; Paleari Henssler, 412; Simon, 941; Vicaire, 490-491; Westbury, 127; Drexel, 236.

L2037

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CRESCENZI, Pietro de

Le Bon Mesnager. Au present volume des prouffitz champestres et ruraulx est traicte du labour des champs, vignes, jardins, arbres de tous especes

Paris, Nicolas Cousteau for Galliot Dupré, 1533.

£12,500

FIRST EDITION thus. 4to pp. (xvi) 185 (iii). Lettre Bātard in double column. Title in red and black with grotesque calligraphic initial L, white on black woodcut crible and floriated initials, two woodcut illustrations, woodcut coat-of-arms on final leaf, repairs in blank, engraved armorial bookplate of Damaso G Arrese on pastedown shelf label above. Title fractionally dusty, far lower blank corner repaired, occasional slight browning, the odd marginal mark. A very good clean copy, in early C19th calf, by Koehler, covers bordered with a triple gilt rule, spine with gilt ruled raised bands with compartments gilt ruled to panel designs, edges and inner dentelles gilt, rebacked with original spine laid down a.e.g.

Exceptionally rare edition of this free French translation, the first to use this title, of the ‘Opus Ruralium Commodum’ by Pietro de’ Crescenzi, one of the most influential treatises in agronomy and agriculture. The work is illustrated with two fine woodcuts; the first represents the publisher offering his work to Francis I, signed with the Lorraine cross, a garden scene in the background with beehives, and the the second shows a husbandman sowing grain. Translated into many languages, the work was widespread in manuscript from the beginning of the 14th century and in printed editions since 1471.

The author, born in Bologna around 1233, was trained both in the Dominican schools and Bologna University, gaining extensive knowledge in logic, medicine, natural sciences and law. His career focused on this last field, and after being appointed ‘iudex’ (judge) he received assignments that took him all over Italy for more than thirty years. During his travels Crescenzi had the chance to visit a great number of rural villas and farms, developing a passion for agronomy and farming. Once retired, he dedicated himself to the project of writing an agronomical treatise in which to convey knowledge and techniques, ancient and modern, theoretical and practical; his efforts gave birth to the ‘Ruralium Commodum’. In his treatise the author often refers to classical and mediaeval authorities, such as Palladio, Varro, Albertus Magnus, Avicenna and the ‘Geoponika’, but he does not hesitate to confute their thesis, adding extensive considerations based upon the practical experience of the many farmers he had known. An interesting aspect of the essay is the public it was conceived for, the 14th century bourgeoisie, especially the class of jurists and notaries who had invested in farms and lands, and needed to obtain a good yield.

The work, divided into twelve books, provides a well-structured analysis of all the aspects of running a farm: having identified all the requirements that a good farm must satisfy to be chosen, it enumerates the different kinds of plants and how to cultivate them. The third book is devoted to fields and their produce, while the fourth, examining in depth the cultivation of vine and the practice of winemaking, constitutes an excellent source for the history of mediaeval enology. Chapters from six to nine analyse trees and fruits, herbs, woods and gardens, at chapter nine starts a dissertation upon animals, husbandry and veterinary, followed by a chapter devoted to hunting and falconry. The practical, original approach of the treatise is demonstrated by the last two chapters, which after summarising the contents, reorder them according to the monthly and seasonal farming calendar. Appended to this edition is a thirteenth book on how to plant and maintain trees by “Gorgole de Corne”. A wonderful practical treatise, beautifully printed in fine lettre Batard, of great interest for the development of agriculture, enology and farming practice.

Not in BM STC Fr. C16th. Brunet II, 417. Schwerdt I, p. 127. Souhart 121. Petit 639. This edition not in Simon.

L1922

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LEMNIUS, Levin (translated by J. Gohory)

Les Occultes Merveilles et Secretz de Nature, avec plusieurs enseignemens des choses divers.

Paris, Gailiot du Pré, 1574.

£2,450

8vo., ff. (i) 212 (xx). Roman letter, side notes and quotations in Italic. Woodcut printer’s device on title, contemporary autograph “Grisson” beneath. Woodcut initials and decorations. Occasional contemporary marginal annotations. Light paper yellowing. Very good copy in contemporary vellum, 19C book plates on paste down.

Lemnius (1505-1568) studied medicine at Louvain under Dodoens, Gessner, and Vesalius and practised for over forty years in his home town of Zelande with great success. This work, translated by Jacques Gohory, was designed as much for the amusement of the reader as for his education, and contains a mass of information, partly real, partly fantastic, taken from ancient Greek, Hebrew, Arab, and Latin sources, and presented and commented on in rather haphazard fashion. “Bits of medical and natural lore are thrown together hit-or-miss,” but not without importance “since it was often cited by subsequent learned authors, and since the numerous editions and translations of it show that it was well suited to the tastes of the time.” (Thorndike).

Despite his interest in the occult and belief in the importance of the influence that the stars and moon exert on the person, Lemnius remained pragmatic, always insisting on the importance of treating the patient with what remedies were available rather than relying on astronomy. Of the many diverse and interesting subjects the book deals with, such as the effects of human saliva, or whether it is better to sleep with one’s mouth open or closed, one most referred to is the subject of vines, wine and drunks. White wine should be drunk before red, vinegar is useful in times of plague, the wines of the Poitou make you quarrelsome whereas the wines of the Rhine make you amorous, and when inebriated, you must not sleep in the moon rays. Translations of books dealing with the occult sciences are rare (an English translation of this work did not appear until 1650).

BM STC Fr. 16C p.262. Brunet III 972. Graesse IV 159. Not in Adams. French edition not in Cantamessa. Not in Honeyman. Thorndike V 393/4. Simon II 403.

L0

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ESTIENNE, Charles & LIEBAULT, Jean

A ROYAL BINDING

Maison Rustique, or, The Countrey Farme.

London, Arnold Hatfield for Iohn Norton and John Bill, 1606.

£3,250

4to. pp. (xxx), 901, (xxvii), lacking first blank. Roman Letter. Woodcut printer’s device on title, text on verso within typographical border, woodcut initials, head and tail-pieces. Full page woodcuts of the horse and ox respectively indicating their common ailments, half page cuts of the root ‘Mehoacan’ (from Chinchillia in the New World), and of the tobacco plant, 20 pages of plans for knot gardens, six large and four small illustrations of distillation equipment and three half page cuts of land measuring equipment in landscape (one with figures). C17/ C18 autograph of Robert Welborne at head of title page, contemporary autograph of Joan[nes] Cobould [?] beneath. Armourial book-plate of Mark Dinely on fly C19 baronial book-plate on pastedown. Last few leaves creased at fore-edge, a few little marginal holes to first and last leaves. A very good clean copy in contemporary triple blind-stamped calf, a bit worn in the normal places, arms of King James I gilt stamped on both covers, title gilt on spine.

Second English edition, charmingly illustrated with numerous woodcuts, of the Maison Rustique translated by the physician Richard Sarflet, the last English edition before the text was edited with additions by Gervaise Markham. Surflet’s translation of L’Agriculture et Maison Rustique by Estienne and Liebaut (who had in turn translated Estienne’s Latin with many of his own additions), is a “voluminous treatise’ similar in scope and intent to Barnaby Googe’s Foure Bookes of Husbandrie (1577) covering ‘family life, rural diversions, and the curious medical practices of the time, as well as the principles of farming, including the layout of a farm” (Fussell, The Old English Farming Books, 12-13).

The Maison Rustique was the great country encyclopaedia of the C16th. Where and how to build your house, forecast the weather, treat the ailments of your laborers, beasts and fowl, lay out and care for your kitchen, herb and pleasure gardens, tend fruit trees and bees, make preserves, conserve flowers, fruit and other foodstuffs, manufacture medicines, cider and wines, distill spirits and oils, maintain lawns, meadows and fishponds, and bake pastries and bread. The less domestic side of the rural economy – agriculture, horticulture forestry and viticulture – is treated in the greatest detail. The final sections, which did not appear in the early editions, deal with parks, wild beasts and birds of all sorts, hunting (by Clamorgan) and grazing (by De la Court). There is also a section on tobacco and a regional survey of the wines of France.

Fortunately there is a comprehensive index. “The second translation, the Countrie farme (1600), was a massive compendium of agricultural, horticultural, and veterinary information, theories and superstitions. It was one of the most influential Renaissance books dedicated to the improvement of farming methods. Medicine had strong affinities with rural things, in a predominantly agricultural world relying much on herbal remedies. Five chapters are devoted to “phisicke herbes”,’ in addition to many passing recipes for herbal medicines. A long chapter deals with the husbandman’s illnesses, really a general medical compendium: “The remedies which a good huswife must be acquainted withall, for to helpe her people when they be sicke”. The volume, in both its French and English versions, has at the end a “table of the diseases and remedies described”, in which human and animal maladies are listed together without distinction.” ML Cooke, ‘Richard Surflet’. A very good copy of this influential work.

STC 10548. Goldsmiths’ 351. Alden 606/46 “contents refers to tobacco, turkeys, etc.” Fussell p.13; Kress 273. Bitting, p. 448 (1616 ed. only). Hunt 202. Not in Vicaire or Oberlé.

L1865

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PLATT, Sir Hugh

VERY CHARMING, RARE BOOK OF RECIPES

Delightes for ladies, to adorne their persons, tables, closets, and distillatories;

London, Printed by H. L[ownes] and R. Y[oung] and are to bee sold by Iames Boler, 1628

£4,950

12mo. 96 unnumbered leaves. A-H12, (last blank but for border). Roman letter, titles in Italic. Text within decorative four part woodcut borders, typographical ornaments. Light age yellowing, borders on outer margin very fractionally trimmed on a few leaves. A good copy, unusually crisp and clean, in antique-style red morocco, covers bordered with single gilt rule, spine with gilt raised bands, vase tools gilt at centers, green morocco label gilt, combed marble end-papers, all edges gilt.

A very good copy of this very charming, exceptionally rare and important book of recipes of sweets, candies, preserves, (sweet and savory), alcoholic beverages, perfumes, cosmetics and personal decoration, a most successful book in its day; some of the recipes have survived to be in relatively common use 400 years later, in particular the various mixed alcoholic beverages. “Sir Hugh Platt wrote perhaps the most charming and well-written sweets recipe book of all, dedicated to the ladies of leisure who were his target readership. The art of preserving and candying fruit had by this time become a ladylike diversion as well as a professional business — due to the high price of imported sugar, sweets were still an expensive luxury enjoyed only by a few. Among Sir Hugh’s recipes is a way of candying rose petals on the bush by pouring syrup over them and letting them dry in the sun. His dedicatory poem,… is a useful inventory of sweets in favour in the 16th and early 17th century, including sucket (candied lemon and orange peel) and marchpanes: a type of hard marzipan modelled into diverse shapes for the table, and not always edible.” British library.

‘Delightes for Ladies’ was one of several works which Plat published in the genre of how-to books, or books of secrets. It was one of the earliest, if not the first, cookery and household recipe book. Plat divides the work into three parts “the arte of preseruing”, “secrets in distillation” and “cookerie and huswiferie”. His interest in the subject was in part derived from his interest in preserving food for the navy and dwells at some length on keeping meat in brine at sea and includes a recipe for keeping orange & lemon juice for a year. The second section on Distillation starts with a recipe called “How to make true spirit of wine.”. Most of the rest of the recipes in this section, though, are how to make things like rose-water, or how to distill thyme lavender and rosemary for perfumes or ‘waters’. The book also is partly derived from the tradition of ‘Books of Secrets’ and contains recipes such as “to take away the freckles in the face: Wash your face in the wane of the moone with a spunge, morninge and euening with the distilled water of Elder Leaues, letting the same drie into the skinne. Your water must be distilled in Maie. This is of a Trauailer, who hath cured himself therby.”. Read and used to pieces this work has survived in very few copies and is very rare.“The reader is left in no sort of doubt about what went on in the Elizabethan kitchen, and few could put the book down without some regret for the passing of those most leisurely days. … It is not surprising that some of these have survived in single copies only, and some have probably disappeared altogether … Most surviving copies are pretty grubby and often incomplete.” Bent Juel-Jensen, ‘Some Uncollected Authors XIX, The Book Collector”.

STC 19983.7 (Recording only 3 other copies B.L., Lincoln Cathedral and Folger). Bitting 373. Vicaire under ‘Closet’ 183. “One of the early practical guides to include beauty hints and cosmetic recipes” Hull, ‘Chaste, Silent and Obedient.’ pp. 43, 194. Ferguson V p. 43. Cagle 930. Not in Oberle.

L1414

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ATHENAEUS


Deipnosophistae (with) Dipnosophistarum sive Coenae sapientum libri XV.

Venice, Aldus Manutius and Andrea Torresani (with) Andreas Arrivabenus, 1514 (with) 1556.

£29,500

FIRST EDITIONS, folio, pp. [xxxx] 192 [i]; [vi] 288 [xii]. First: Greek letter, title text in the shape of a martini glass, Aldine dolphin and anchor device on t-p and verso of last, some oil spots. Light waterstain to head of first couple of gatherings and to lower outer corner of last, 2 ll somewhat oxydised, else clean and good. Second: Italic letter, double column. Woodcut to t-p of Rebecca with Jesus at the well, floriated initials. Insignificant waterstain to blank upper outer corner of a few quires, a few ll slightly oxydised. A very good copy in C17 mottled sheep, upper joint cracked at head. Spine gilt in compartments, natural morocco lettering piece, edges speckled red. Illegible C17 ownership inscription to pastedown.

Probably the only copy combining the Editio Princeps with the first Latin edition. Written in Rome in the early 2nd century, the work provides a unique insight into the moneyed classes during the Hellenistic literary world of the Roman Empire. “A vast variety of erudition has been preserved by Athenaeus of Naucratis, who lived at Rome under Commodus and his successors. His comprehensive work ‘Doctors at Dinner’ originally consisted of thirty books. It was abridged into fifteen, and it is this abridgement that has survived in an incomplete form in a single ms. The scene is laid at the house of the Roman pontiff Larentius, and all kinds of accomplishments – grammar, poetry, rhetoric, music, philosophy and medicine – are represented among the many interlocutors. It is an encyclopaedia under the disguise of a dialogue. Food and drink, cups and cookery, stories of famous banquets, scandalous anecdotes, specimens of ancient riddles and drinking songs and disquisitons on instruments of music are only part of the miscellaneous fare which is here provided. We are indebted to the quotations in Athenaeus for our knowledge of passages from about 700 ancient writers who would otherwise be unknown to us, and, in particular, for the preservation of the greater part of the extant remains of the Middle and the New Attic comedy.” Sandys I:337. An important source of Classical Greek recipes, including the original text of the oldest recipe by a named author, Mithaecus, in any language, it also describes in detail different kinds of wine, categorizing them by place and origin and compares their characteristics, properties and effects. Sexual mores constitute another conversational focus, with pederasty discussed without restraint, including details of boy-lovers famed for their beauty and skill. In addition come insights into music, literary gossip and philology, as well as the stories behind the creation of many artworks and amusing stories. An invaluable resource for social historians.

Originating from Naucratis in Egypt, Athenaeus was a Greek rhetorician and grammarian, who flourished at the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd C. Deipnosophistae is his only extant work, though he mentions other works on the history of the Syrian kings and on fish.

i. Renouard 67:4 “fort rare”. BM STC It. 60. Adams A-2096. Hoffman I 394. Vicaire 50: “elle est magnifiquement exécutée”. Simon 58: “Dans le Premier Livre, il est traité des festins des Anciens, des mets, des boissons, des vêtemenets, danses, etc. Les façons de boire et les différents vins sont déscrits en détail: vin d’Italie, de Chios et Lesbos, d’Egypte, etc. Le Livre Second débute par une description détaillée de l’origine, de la nature, des propriétés et des principaux effets du vin”. Brunet I 535: ‘rare et assez recherchée’. Dibdin I 331. Graesse I 244. Bitting 18. This ed not in Oberlé.
ii. BM STC It. 60. Adams A-2098. Hoffmann I 397. Vicaire 50. Bitting 18. Oberlé 8,9,10: “Sa compliation est d’autant plus précieuse que la plupart des ouvrages qu’il cite sont perdus. C’est une encyclopédie de l’Antiquité, riche, variée, éblouissante.”

L674

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DURANTE, Castore

FOOD, WINE AND THEIR RELATION TO EMOTIONAL WELL-BEING


Il tesoro della sanita. Nel quale s’insegna il modo di conseruar la sanita et prolungar la vita.

Venice, Lucio Spineda, 1601.

£1,450

8vo. pp. (xvi), 270. Roman letter, verse in Italic. Woodcut printers device on title, woodcut floriated initials, charming grotesque head and tail-pieces and ornaments, woodcut portrait in roundel of Pope Sixtus V on *2 recto, ʻ‘Westburyʼ’ label on pastedown. Light age yellowing, leaf R1 loose, title page repaired in lower blank margin, tiny worm trail in blank outer margins, the occasional minor marginal spot or stain. A good, unsophisticated copy, in contemporary vellum over thin boards, vellum split at lower edge of upper cover, and upper edge of lower cover, contemporary manuscript note on upper cover, a little worn.

Interesting and important systematic treatise on the health giving properties of food and wine, and a comprehensive guide to the ideal conditions for health, from recommendations on daily activity, rest and bathing, to such things as the advantages and disadvantages of eating garlic. The ʻ‘treasureʼ’ is divided into two parts. In the first Durante considers the effects of, motion and rest, sleep and wakefulness, starvation and repletion. The second part examines food, discussing in detail the properties of each ingredient. Each ingredient discussed is prefaced with a short Latin poem on its properties. There is much discussion of the order in which food is eaten, and he also treats in detail of the combinations in which food can be eaten, and the mitigating qualities of certain foods eaten with others.

“Among the first to write about this was the Italian doctor Castor Durante da Gualdo: The “unwholesomeness” of cheese can be reduced “by eating it with pears” or other fruits such as walnuts, almonds, or apples.” Massimo Montanari “Cheese, Pears, and History in a Proverb.” There is a long chapter on wine, divided into seventeen sub‑chapters, in which he discusses such things as the general effects of the moderate drinking of wine followed by a chapter on immoderate drinking, and the relative merits of white, red, young, old, new, and sweet wines etc. He gives twelve rules on how best to enjoy wine and describes many of the wines in favour at the time in Italy. There is also a section on “Vino contra Peste.”

“Durante, a physician and man of letters, is famous for his treatise first published in Rome in 1586. The Tesoro was not written specifically on the occasion of a plague; rather, it was a classic regimen sanitatis: a handbook for maintaining good health. However (…) Durante’s advice became relevant in these epidemic contexts. From the beginning of his work, Durante shows that he holds a holistic view of medicine. He links the mind and body in his general medical philosophy, even in chapters not dealing with the accidents of the soul. For example, in a section dedicated to the benefits of rest, “Della quiete,” Durante proposes moderation of physical exercise and rest. (…) Certainly, nowhere is Durante’s holistic medical approach as clearly articulated as in the section of his manual dealing with the accidents of the soul. In chapter V of the Tesoro, which is dedicated to emotional well‑being, he makes a strong affirmation regarding the great powers of the mind on the body. (…) More than anything else, Durante recommends equilibrium. He warns against the dangers of excess, even in cases that deal with an emotion that would normally be classified as benevolent, such as happiness.” Martin Marafioti. ʻ‘Post-Decameron plague treatises and the Boccaccian innovation of narrative prophylaxis.ʼ’

A fascinating work from the splendid collection of Italian cookery books formed by Lord Westbury, culinary expert and author with Donald Chase Downes of OSS fame.

BM STC IT C17th p. 314. Simon. Bibl. Bacchia. 201 (1588 edition) “Important chapitre sur le vin” Unzelman, Wine and Gastronomy p. 52 (1586 & 1588 edition only). Vicaire, 303. Oberlé, 73. (1593edn.) Bitting p.137. Durling, 1333 (other edns) Wellcome 6874. (1588). Alden 601/28.

L1433

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RONDELET, Guillaume

Libri de Piscibus Marinis

Lyon, apud Matthiam Bonhomme, 1554.

£12,750

FIRST EDITION. Folio. [xvi] 583 [xxv] Roman and Italic letter, historiated woodcut initials, head- and tail-pieces, t.p. with printer’s device of Perseus with the head of Medusa within architectural border, woodcut portrait of the author on verso of a8, 248 woodcut illustrations of fish and other sea creatures after the designs of Georges Reverdi. Light age yellowing, waterstaining to first and last few gatherings, single wormhole throughout at inner margin of book occasionally just touching text, wormtrail to upper margin of a few gatherings, very neatly restored. Near contemporary ms ex libris autography of “Jo[hann]is Dominici De San[?]y eq[itis] [aur]ati Cas Sti Andrea”, C19 Nordkirchen bookplate of the Dukes of Arenberg on inside cover, remains of ms vellum stubbs. A clean and well margined copy in contemporary calf over thick wooden boards, richly blind-rolled in ornate, deeply cut panels with corner pieces, a central diamond and blind stamp depiction of the three crosses at Golgotha, rolls in a floral motif with unnamed portrait medallions, spine triple-ruled in five compartments with raised bands, each stamped with ornaments, slight tearing at upper and lower joints, defective at head and tail, lacking clasps.

FIRST EDITION of Rondelet’s seminal work on all aquatic animals the most important published up to that time. The first four books are a general discussion about fish with comparative anatomy and specific treatment of anatomical anomalies such as gills, tentacles, stingers, etc. Through an experiment he argues that fish must take in some type of air from the water into their gills: he proves this by keeping a bowl sealed tight which causes the fish inside to suffocate. The rest of the book comprises of around 300 descriptions, the majority illustrated, of marine life, listing the names of each in local languages, its living and feeding habits, anatomical features, and for those fish he could observe and dissect personally, even more information on nutrition, reproduction, and natural habitats. An encyclopedia of sealife would be remiss if it were to by pass a good meal, but luckily Rondelet includes cooking tips and recipes for fish-based meals throughout the entries. For instance, Bream, a small freshwater fish, is good “‘boiled in water and wine as is done in France’, but it is equally good in a variety of other ways. It can be grilled after placing fennel and rosemary in its belly; it can be roasted or served cold; or can even be baked in a crust, [etc.].’ […] Not only has Rondelet given us a series of potential recipes for this fish but he has also revealed some regional culinary preferences.” (Fitzpatrick cit. infr.)

Guillaume Rondelet (1507-1566) studied medicine at Montpellier, but “although he was active in several branches of biology, Rondelet’s reputation effectively depends on his massive compendium on aquatic life, which covered far more species than any earlier work in that field. Despite its theoretical limitation, it laid the foundations for later ichthyological research and was the standard reference work for over a century.[…]In his own day Rondelet was almost as well known as an anatomist as a zoologist. A popular lecturer, Rondelet attracted scholars from all over Europe: Coiter and Bauhin; L’Écluse; L’Obel, who inherited his botanical manuscripts; and Daleschamps. Gesner and Aldrovandi also studied briefly under him.” (DSB cit. infr.)

Adams R-746. Baudrier X 239. DSB XI 527-528. Garrison-Morton 282. Osler 3821. Nissen I 3474. Joan Fitzpatrick, Renaissance Food from Rabelais to Shakespeare  , 33.

L1220

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ANONYMOUS

UNUSUALLY WELL PRESERVED COPY

Closet for Ladies and Gentlevvomen. Or, The Art of preserving, conserving, and candying.

London, Printed by John Hauiland, 1627.

£4,950

12mo. 96 unnumbered leaves. A-H12. Roman letter, titles in Italic. Title and text within woodcut border, woodcut floriated initials and typographical headpieces. Light age yellowing, quire D lightly browned, woodcut borders at outer margin very fractionally trimmed on a few leaves, title slightly dusty, the odd thumb mark. A good, clean copy, in antique style red morocco, covers bordered with single gilt rule, spine with gilt raised bands, vase tools gilt at centers, green morocco label gilt, combed marble end-papers, all edges gilt.

An unusually well preserved copy of this extremely rare and delightful volume. The first part concentrates on ‘the art of preserving, conserving, and candying’ with additional recipes for syrups and banqueting dishes. The second deals with the medicines and salves needed for a household of the period. Even now the author remains anonymous, not even a set of initials appears in any of the editions, there is no introduction, epistle, dedication or acknowledgement. It is possible the manuscript of ‘A Closet’ was written by a literate woman, intended for her household and personal use. The work was entered into the Stationer’s records in 1602, so it appears that the Elizabethan manuscript may have been acquired and then remained in the printer’s office for years prior to publication. It is possible that a first work on general cookery was intended to precede it, which might explain why the work jumps straight into the recipes with no prefatory material.

The work describes the domestic arts of candies and preserves that well-off ladies, gentlewomen, and housewives of the gentry might be expected to be skilled in during the late-16th until the mid-17th century and does not deal with the day-to-day cookery of a household. It provides the recipes for making those very special banqueting sweets of sugar, pastes, and waters which were thought to be necessary for special occasions and as suitable gifts as well as cosmetics eg for the preservation of a white complexion. Many bibliographies have attributed the ‘Closet’ to Sir Hugh Platt. as the anonymous ‘Closet’ were sometimes bound with Plat’s Delightes, but there seems little reason to suppose Plat wrote the Closet and allowed it to be sold anonymously and not take credit.

The second section is substantial, giving a variety of remedies for medical conditions, diseases, acquired ills like worms and pests, and accidental conditions like broken bones. It also clearly represents another manuscript, probably from a different household. These medical recipes for dealing with burns, piles, worms, collick, sores, toothache, “for the pestilence,” laxatives, menstrual problems, falling sickness, and mad dogges are written in a different style but do contain a few recipes for cookery and perfumes. These include a recipe for making fresh cheese, for the dessert known as snow, and an amusing recipe for King Henry VIII’s perfume. ‘The Closet’ represents perhaps hundreds of similar manuscripts that were once kept and prized by English households which have largely been lost. A good copy of a fascinating and rare work providing much insight into the history of food, drink and cosmetics.

STC, 5436.7 (Recording only 4 other copies B.L., Leeds, Lincoln Cathedral and Folger) Vicaire 183 “Rare et Curieux”. (1618 edition). Bitting (under Plat) 373. Hull, ‘Chaste, Silent and Obedient.’ pp. 39, 40 & 159. Ferguson V p. 44. Not in Oberlé.

L1415

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