MILLER, Thomas

Turner and Girtin’s Picturesque Views, Sixty Years Since.

London, J. Hogarth, 1854.

£200

Imperial 8vo. (lx) 164 + 30 engravings on copper. Publisher’s red, half-morocco with gilt back, minimal browning to plate edges, boards slightly discoloured in places. A nice copy.

The first re-printing (third state) of Turner and Thomas Girtin’s thirty contributions to the “Copper-Plate Magazine” (1794-98), the second states of which appeared in the “Itinerant” (1798). Thomas Miller in his preface describes the recovery of the original plates and the efforts required to clean and prepare the plates for this 1854 edition. In 1873, a second re-print was undertaken (fourth state; Rawnlinson, Reprint B), but the results were poor. The volume includes important, early biographies of both artists. The full page views are the earliest engravings after Turner and Girtin. The book is “worth having” (Muir, p.81).

Rawlinson, vol I 1-15a, reprint A.

X66

BACON, Francis

The History of the Reigns of Henry the Seventh, Henry the Eighth, Edward the Sixth, and Queen Mary. The First written by the Right Honourable Francis, the other Three by the Right Honourable Francis Godwyn.

London, W.G. for R. Scot, T. Basset, J. Wright, R. Chiswell, and J. Edwyn, 1676.

£500

FIRST EDITION. Folio pp. 1 engraved portrait + (vi) 138, (vi). Roman and italic letter, head- and tail-pieces, woodcut initials, with engraved portrait of Bacon in clean, strong impression. Age browning to margins of title page and first and last leaves. A well-margined copy in English speckled calf, lower edges worn, spine gilt in seven compartments with red morocco label.

Gibson 121.

B56

EGNATIUS, Giovanni Battista

De exemplis illustrium virorum Venetae civitatis, atque aliarum Gentium

Paris, Bernardo Torresano sub Aldina Bibliotheca, 1554.

£2,750

16mo, ff. (16), 334, (2), missing final blank. Roman letter; Aldine device on title, few historiated initials; occasional very light foxing to margins, slight yellowing. A very good copy in contemporary vellum; bookplate of Allan Heywood Bright on front pastedown.

Second edition of this curious collection of exemplary episodes, issued in Paris some months after the princeps of Venice the same year. Giovanni Battista Cipelli (1478-1553), better known by his humanist nickname Egnatius, was a prominent scholar in Renaissance Venice and a trusted collaborator of Aldus Manutius. Very knowledgeable in Latin and Greek, he taught in the School of St. Marcus and was appointed official orator of the Venetian Republic. On account of his philological, editorial and teaching skills, he was held in high esteem by Pietro Bembo, Marco Musuro, Marco Antonio Sabellico and even Wilibald Pirckheimer and Erasmus.

His most successful work was De Caesaribus, a learned overview of the lives of the Roman, Byzantine, Frankish and German emperors, up to Maximilian I of Augsburg. An extract of the second book circulated independently as an essay on the origins of the Turks. Following the model of Valerius Maximus, Egnatius assembled a vast number of edifying stories from the lives of Venetians and other illustrious personalities of the past and present. It is divided into nine books and each of the numerous chapters is devoted to a topic (either virtue or vice). Book 8 includes a note on the invention of printing (f. 300rv) and a praise of Columbus (f. 301v). Muslims and Ottomans are also frequently mentioned, with several examples drawn especially from the life of Saladin (ff.  172r, 237rv, 242v, 265v, 326r). The work was published posthumously by Marco Molin, the son of Egnatius’s heir and friend.

This is a copy of the first of the eighteen books published in Paris by Bernardo Torresano on behalf of the Aldine Press over the 1550s and 1560s. Bernardo was the grandson of Andrea Torresano, father-in-law and business partner of Aldus Manutius. The Aldine enterprise tried several times to set up a branch or at least have a trusted dealer in Paris, but the attempts were all quite short-lasting and little fruitful.

BM STC It., 231 (under variants of the Venetian edition); Adams, E 82; Renouard, 295:1. Not in Alden.

L2015

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RIBADENEIRA, Petro

A CATALOGUE OF JESUIT MISSIONARIES

Illustrium Scriptorum Religionis Societatis Iesu Catalogus

Lyon, Jo. Pillehotte, 1609.

£1,250

8vo., pp. (ii) 3-303 (viii). Roman and Italic letter, woodcut headpieces and initials, beautiful woodcut title page with architectural frame device, scattered marginal manuscript annotations in two near contemporary hands, autograph at foot of title page (inked over), early C19th bookplate of Colonel S Lyn of Berkeley Square to front pastedown, some light water staining to outer margins of first three gatherings, scorch mark (affecting three or four letters) to I5, very occasional worm holes, general age yellowing. A good copy in contemporary limp vellum, slight wear on spine, title inked on spine and lower edge.

Second, enlarged edition of the first bibliography of members of the Society of Jesus, first published at Antwerp in 1608. The work is split into several parts: the first and by far the most substantial lists alphabetically all known Jesuit authors, giving a short biography and then a list of their works, both printed and manuscript. Among them is Robert Sotwell, of Suffolk, martyred 1595.

The small second part, ordered chronologically, provides biographical details of members of the Society who were martyred ‘ab Ethnicis, Mahumetanis, Haereticis, aliisque impiis’ on missions as far afield as Japan, Mexico, Florida and the Indies. Next comes an index of the writers contained in the catalogue arranged by nationality (eleven are listed under ‘Angli, Scoti, Hiberni,’ including Robert Persons and Joseph Creswell), and then a long and detailed list of works by Jesuits ordered by subject matter. Those printed at Lyon also include the printer’s name and date.


The final part of the work is a list of the provinces, colleges, houses and societies set up by the Society of Jesus, which provides valuable evidence of how they opened up the rest of the world to European influence: by the time this was published, permanent Jesuit establishments had been founded in Panama, Manila, Lima, Nagasaki, Goa, Santa Fe, Peking and Ethiopia. Japan had 13 alone and 154 priests, China and Africa 5 and 60 respectively, and the Americas played host to many hundreds.

Pedro Ribaneira (1526-1611), born in Toledo, entered the Society of Jesus aged fourteen. A Professor of Rhetoric at Palermo, he was ordained in 1553 and dedicated his time to preaching and promulgating the the cause of the Society, especially in the Low Countries. He is perhaps best known for his Life of Loyola, published in 1572.

Graesse VI 106. Sabin 70778a (“ouvrage infinement precieux” Leclerc). De Backer VI 1754. JCB 609/105. Besterman 1592. Alden 83. Palau 266559. Not in JFB.

L1962a

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JOHNSTON, John

IN DEDICATION TO SCOTTISH KINGS AND QUEENS

Inscriptiones historicae regum Scotorum.

Amsterdam, Cornelius Claessonius for Andrew Hart, 1602.

£1,950

FIRST EDITION, first issue (variant), 4to., pp. (xiv), (ii) 60 (xx). Roman letter, double-page engraved arms of James I preceding text, ten full page engraved portraits of the Scottish Kings and Queens following text, printer’s ornaments throughout. Fore edge of last four portraits neatly strengthened on blank versos, title dusty and slightly soiled with two small repairs to fore edge, lower blank margin of next leaf and a few lower outer corners, all with old small repairs, nowhere affecting text. A few small marginal dirt or dust marks, but generally clean and good. Early autograph ‘W. Stonehouse’ plus price at head of title page, large armorial bookplate of the very distinguished collector William Stirling Maxwell on front pastedown, decorative label ‘Arts of Design’ circling ‘Keir’ on rear. Bound for Stirling Maxwell by Leighton C1900 in crushed dark green morocco, large decorative ‘Arts and Crafts’ style central panel on each cover incorporating Maxwell’s armorial devices, spine gilt (a bit worn), all edges gilt.

FIRST EDITION of this rare work by Johnston (?1570-1611), Scottish poet, who styled himself ‘Aberdonensis’ and whose family hailed from Crimond near Aberdeen where Johnston studied at Kings College before spending eight years at various continental universities. He became a friend of Justus Lipsius and doubtless of the other scholars whose epigrams preface the present work, among them Joseph Scaliger, Jan Dousa and Daniel Heinsius. He was also closely attached to Andrew Melville, who probably helped him to obtain the professorship of divinity at St. Andrews in c. 1593, when he was ‘Maister of the new college.’

The present work is a series of epigrammatic addresses to the Scottish Kings from Fergus I to James VI (to whom it is dedicated) highlighting their characteristics, exhibiting their virtues and referring to the principal events of their reigns. The verses are more interesting for their historical perspective than their poetry. The anonymous portraits of Robert II, Robert III, James II, James III, James IV, James V, Mary, James VI and Anne are very finely executed and in excellent strong impression. Neither their source nor maker has been identified.

In mid C19 hand on inserted fly: “A very rare book. The Roxburghe copy sold for £13.13. In addition to the 10 portraits this copy has a plate of the arms of James VI … which has not been mentioned by Lowndes, + 1 leaf of preliminary matters (beginning with the verses of J.C. Scaliger) seldom found. At a sale in 1854 or 5 (I think at W. Duncan Gardiner’s) a copy was sold for £10 to Lord Breadalbane.”

L119

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GRIMESTON, Edward

FIRST ENGLISH EDITION OF DUTCH HISTORY UP TO THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY

A generall historie of the Netherlands: with the genealogie and memorable acts of the Earls of Holland, Zeeland and West-Friseland.

London, A. Islip and G. Eld, 1609.

£1,950

FIRST EDITION. Folio. pp. (xxvi) 1415 (xviii). Roman letter, printed marginalia. Engraved title after Christoffel van Sichem II of an architectural frame flanked by musical, scientific and military instruments, a harbour scene beneath (Johnson p. 53), 57 elegant two-thirds page engraved portraits of princes and noble men and women by van Sichem in text, woodcut initials and headpieces. Lacking first blank, insignificant tear to upper inner margin of title not touching image, small tear to corner of one other leaf touching one letter of text, title and a few early leaves a little creased, occasional marginal spot or mark, generally a very good copy in contemporary English calf ruled in blind, joints split and neatly repaired, extremities a little scuffed, later red morocco gilt label. Contemporary manuscript ex libris of Edmund Grovine (or a Latinised form of Grove) in blank upper margin of title, John Allman’s mid-17th century autograph to verso of final blank, Robert Matthews’ autograph ‘April 5th 1753’ in central blank portion of title.

A variant state of the first edition of Grimeston’s translation of J. F. Le Petit’s Grande Chronique of 1601. Le Petit (1546- c. 1615) was a Belgian historian, primarily famous for the original version of the present work, his ‘Grande chronique anciennce et moderne de Hollande’, published in Dordrecht. The work is a comprehensive history of the Netherlands to the early 17th-century, and includes genealogies of the Counts of Holland and their families.

Volume I is for the most part a translation of Cornelius Aurelius’ ‘Divisie-Kroniek’. This chronicle, which covers the period from the beginning of the world to 1517, is then taken up by Le Petit in the second volume, who comments on important political, diplomatic and military events in the latter half of the 16th and early 17th centuries. Le Petit was born in Bethune, but subsequently moved to Aix after abjuring the Catholic faith, and eventually died in Holland.

Grimeston was a prolific translator, working from French as well as Dutch, producing ‘A general inuentorie of the history of France’ (1607) and ‘The estates, empires, & principallities of the world’ (1615). His work continues to be cited as an important source on contemporary affairs. The fine late-Renaissance portraits are by the Flemish Christoffel van Sichem the Elder, and include Queen Elizabeth and Robert Dudley.

STC 12375; Alden II, p. 80 “Section on the Netherlands’ 1608 peace negotiations outlines Dutch demands for trade & navigation in East & West Indies”; not in Lowndes (1627 ed. only).

L501

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TORSELLINO, Orazio

THE LIFE OF THE HEAD JESUIT MISSIONARY IN INDIA, INCLUDING HIS TRAVELS ACROSS THE FAR EAST

De Vita Francisci Xaverii.

Liege, Hendrik van den Hoven, 1597.

£2,350

8vo. pp. (viii) 317 (xi). Roman letter, historiated and floriated woodcut initials, woodcut Jesuit emblem on title page, fine engraved portrait of St. Francis Xavier within ornate frame on verso, manuscript ex libris ‘Stanislaus Kostlla de Stacpoole, 13 Nov. 1846’ on title page, ‘IHS Maria’ in early hand on fly. A very good, clean copy in contemporary vellum, a little soiled, lacking ties.

Third enlarged edition, first published in unauthorised form in 1594, of Torsellino’s important biography of the truly extraordinary St. Francis Xavier, one of the earliest and best sources for his life. St. Francis Xavier (1506-1552), “The Apostle of the Indies,” was one of the founding members of the Jesuit order and perhaps one of its most illustrious. He met Ignacio’s de Loyola in Paris at the university and was one of seven, including Loyola himself, who took the original Jesuit vows on the 15th of August 1534. He retained Francis at Rome until 1541, as secretary to the Society of Jesus, when John III, king of Portugal, decided to send a mission to his Indian dominions, and St. Xavier was chosen to lead it.

On April 7th, 1541, he sailed from Lisbon with Martim Alfonso de Sousa, governor designate of India. For the next twelve years, essentially following the Portuguese trading routes, he preached from Goa to Malacca, then on to Japan and China with extraordinary success, leaving an organised Christian community wherever he went. In travel terms alone, this was a remarkable achievement. His linguistic, cultural and evangelical legacy in Asia was vast. Within thirty years of his arrival in Japan, there were close to 300,000 Christian converts. He died attempting to start a mission in China, and was buried in Goa. He was beatified by Paul V. in 1619 and canonized by Gregory XV in 1621.

In six chapters, Torsellino’s work follows St. Francis’ life chronologically, concentrated almost exclusively on his Asian travels, and ends with a chapter on his miracles. Torsellino’s popular life of the Saint is valuable as one of the first European sources of information on Japan and the Far East in general. It contains not only an account of St. Francis’ exploits there, but also gives observations on the geography and location of the country, and on the character and manners of the Japanese, i.a. their language, religion, appearance, and cuisine.

Stanislaus Kostlla was the 3rd Duke of Stacpoole who became a priest and domestic prelate to the Pope. During the French Revolution, he acquired the remains of Fontenelle Abbey where he lived until his death in 1896. He gave over the Abbey to the French Benedictines in 1893, where the order remains to this day. An excellent copy, with interesting provenance.

BM STC Dutch p.199. Cordier, BJ. 128-9. JFB T144 . Not in Adams.

L707

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CAMPANUS, Johannes Antonius

Omnia Campani Opera.

Venice, Andrea Torresano, 1502.

£3,950

Folio. ff. 118 [vi] 84 [2] 58 [iv] 26 [i]. Roman letter; some light marginal spotting, slight marginal water-staining to one or two quires, not affecting text. A very good, clean, well-margined copy in C16 vellum over boards.

Second edition of the collected works of Johannes Antonius Campanus (Giovanni Antonio Campano; c. 1429-1477). Campanus, churchman, humanist and orator, led a varied career which took him to appointments in Naples and Perugia (as a teacher of rhetoric), before his election as Bishop of Crotone in 1463. From 1472-74 he was Papal Governor of Todi. A prominent figure of the day, Campanus was the subject of a Latin epitaph by Poliziano. The present edition reproduces the introduction by Michael Fernus from the first, Roman edition of 1495.

The essays in the present volume demonstrate Campanus’ rhetorical and theological expertise to the full, and are comprehensively indexed. They include orations on the Holy Spirit and St. Stephan; we are not told the occasions on which these were delivered, if, indeed, they were anything more than exercises in composition. Other instructive essays include ‘De dignitate martrimonii’ and ‘Contra Turchos ad principes germanos’; biographies of Thomas Aquinas, Pope Pius and Archbishop John of Benevento also appear. The present volume is, however, dominated by a lengthier biographic work, Campanus’ six book life of the famous condottiere Andrea Braccio Fortebracci, conte di Montone (1368-1424), who was fatally wounded by his fellow soldier of fortune Francesco Sforza near L’Aquila, northeast of Rome. The work concludes with eight book of Latin epigrams, on religious and secular subjects.

BM STC Italian 141; Adams C 471; Goff C 74; Ren. 292:2 (1502); not in Ahmanson Murphy.

L649

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NOSTREDAME, Jean

THE POETS OF PROVENCE BY NOSTRADAMUS’ BROTHER

Le Vite delli piu celebri et antichi primi poeti provenzali.

Lyon, Alesandro Marsilii, 1575.

£1,750

FIRST EDITION thus. 8vo., pp. 254 (xviii). Italic letter. Woodcut initials and ornaments. A little, mostly marginal, foxing, including to title page. A very good copy in 19th C calf-backed paper boards, spine gilt, head of spine and one corner a little bumped. 20th C ex-libris inside upper cover.

First edition in Italian. The original French version was published in the same year, and was translated into Italian for this edition by Giovanni Giudici, with many additions and corrections. The second Italian edition was not published until 1722.

Nostredame, or Notredame, was the younger brother of the celebrated astrologer Nostradamus, and a ‘procureur’ to the Parlement of Aix. He was very early drawn to poetry and wrote a large number of songs. He was also a great connoisseur of Provencal poetry and amassed a large collection of books on the subject, from which the present text was compiled.

Nostredame gives a short biography, typically a few pages long, of 76 early Provencal poets, with selected examples of their work. The Troubadours had most influence in Italy, and Nostredame mentions a number of those to whom Dante referred in the ‘Divine Comedy’ – Bertran de Born, Arnaut Daniel, Folquet de Marseille, and Sordello. The work starts with the 12th century poets Jaufre Rudel and Marcabru, and goes on to the golden age of the Troubadours, with such figures as Bernart de Ventadorn and Raimbaut d’Orange, making the work a ‘who’s who of Troubadours,’ writers whose often ephemeral careers are depicted by Nostredame in both the earliest and pre-eminent biographical source.

BM STC Fr., p. 327; Adams N-348; Baudrier II, p. 163; Brunet IV, p. 109; Graesse IV. P. 691; Not in Cantamessa.

L605

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PLINY, C. Secundus

A SETTLER’S ESTIENNE


C. Plinii Seundi Novocomensis de uiris illustribus liber (with) Suetonii Tranquilli de claris grammaticis et rhetoribus liber (and) Iulii Obsequentis Prodigiorum liber imperfectus.

Paris, Robert Estienne, 1544

£6,750

8vo. pp. 92 [xii] (interleaved with blank gatherings throughout ff [xvi] A8 [viii] B8 [viii] C8 [viii] D8 [viii] E8 [viii] F8 [viii] G4 [xxiv]). Roman and Italic type, t.p. with Estienne’s device, ms ex libris “J. Oldham Septem. 30 1627” on t.p. Remains of stubs, ms. annotation on some of the blanks, rear pastedown, and later ms ex libris on fly ”Guil Hen. Harris” of Corpus Christi College Cambridge (ca. 1702-6) “donum M[agister] Burrough”, probably Thomas Burrough of the same. Light age yellowing, t.p. a bit dusty, a nice well-margined copy in English calf c. 1600, gilt panels on covers, spine cracked at upper joint, gilt in eight compartments with floral devices, all edges speckled red.

An anonymous collection of short biographies of illustrious rulers from Roman history, ascribed to various writers of antiquity: Pliny the Younger (61-ca. 112 AD), Suetonius (70-130 AD), biographer Cornelius Nepos (110-25 BC), and Aurelius Victor (ca. 320-390), a later historian who wrote about the imperial history of Rome and served under Emperor Julian.

The “J. Oldham” ex libris (and matching marginal annotations throughout, including a recipe for broth scribbled onto the front fly leaf) is most probably John Oldham (1592?-1636), an early settler in North America. He was a controversial figure, linked with those ‘peculiars’ who migrated to the new world for economic rather than religious reasons, although he is described in William Bradford’s Of Plymouth Plantation along with John Lyford as disruptive of colony life. The two were later thrown out of Plymouth for “disturbing the peace” – assembling a faction of Episcopalians (after the example set in the Virginia colony) in an attempt to reform local religion. Despite his unpopularity, Oldham made his fortune in coastal trade, and was well-known for maintaining relations with natives in the area. Eventually he made amends with the Plymouth colony, for whom he conveyed a ship to England in 1626. The dated inscription in this book, September 30 1627, is significant: it was during that time the Oldham was in London on business for the Plymouth Colony. While in England he purchased a five-mile tract of land by the Charles River from John Gorges – however his purchase was invalidated by the Massachusetts Bay Company who claimed ownership. After the dispute was settled (in the Company’s favour) in 1629 Oldham returned to the colonies, and between 1632-4 he served in the General Court of Massachusetts on behalf of the town of Watertown, where he had settled. It was during this time that he represented the people of Watertown during their resistance of ‘Taxation without Representation’ the first protest of its kind in the colonies over a century and a half before the American Revolution. (Bond cit. infr.) In 1634 he set out from Watertown to help establish the first English settlement in present-day Connecticut – Wethersfield.
Oldham’s sudden death in 1636 was no less full of adventure and intrigue as his life: during a voyage to Block Island to trade with the natives there, several Pequot warriors boarded his ship, killed its crew including Oldham, and looted its cargo. The Bay Colony sought revenge against the Pequots immediately, prompting the outbreak of the Pequot War (Oxford DNB).

Renouard 1544.27. Henry Bond, et al. Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, Massachusettes. pp. 862-864.

L1064

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