An answere to certaine scandalous papers, scattered abroad vnder colour of a Catholicke admonition.

London, by Robert Barker, printer to the Kings most Excellent Maiestie, Anno 1606.

£1,650

FIRST EDITION. 4to. 22 unnumbered leaves. A-E⁴ F² [lacking first leaf, blank except for signature]. Roman letter, some Italic. Large woodcut headpiece on title, woodcut Royal arms on verso, woodcut initials and typographical ornaments. Light age yellowing, cut a little close at head fractionally shaving a few running headlines. A fine copy in excellent full mottled calf by Riviere & son, covers bordered with a triple gilt rule, spine with raised band richly gilt in compartments, all edges and inner dentelles gilt, all edges yellow. 

A fine copy of this most interesting and influential pamphlet concerning the position of Catholics in Britain after the gunpowder plot, of particular importance in creating an atmosphere of persecution and oppression towards Catholics in Britain. “one of the earliest pieces of evidence of greatest interest is undoubtedly that of Robert Cecil Earl of Salisbury. Cecil .. had been one of the leading supporters of James candidacy for the throne of England . His position towards Catholics had been intransigent from the very first years of the seventeenth century. Once the conspiracy was discovered, his reaction to Catholics was extremely harsh, and the wave of scorn that followed the plot provided the ideal background for Cecil to finish his work of eliminating some of the Catholics he most feared … In 1606 Cecil published a pamphlet in which he responded to some of the charges English Catholics had repeatedly made against him. From the standpoint of textual structure, Cecil gathered together the Catholic positions in a letter that he pretended the Catholics had sent him and that he transcribed together with his response. In the preface to the Catholics’s letter and his response, the Earl of Salisbury began by referring directly to Jame’s speech of 1606, on which, he wrote he had started to meditate to ‘recall my thoughts from the earthly theatre’ of the daily cares of public officials. That Cecil had by no means appreciated the appeals to moderation that emerged from the King’s speech is immediately evident. The English politician, dwelling on Jame’s deeply felt opening thanks to God for the miraculous discovery of the plot, comments; ‘ neither the present Time, nor ages to come can ever bee so ingrate, as not to retain the same in perpetuall Memorie’. The event it was necessary to remember was not only the conspiracy itself, but above all the reaction of the English Catholics, who were guilty, according to Cecil, of insufficiently condemning the plot, while they continued to complain to and slander some of the Protestants, himself included. ..the issue was whether it was possible to be Catholic without believing in the primacy of the Pope, and Cecil, as a politician, answered that it was not. .. Cecil’s very perplexities on the possibility of granting tolerance to the Catholics after the plot were expressed by many other voices in various contexts.” Stefania Tutino. ‘Law and Conscience: Catholicism in Early Modern England, 1570-1625.’ 

A very good copy of this important and most interesting work.

STC 4895.3. ESTC S91392 

L2064

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